The vital question: Earth teems with life but why is it the way it is, and how did it begin in the first place? Nick Lane unravels the tangled history of life.
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Nick's book "The Vital Question: Why is life the way it is?" is available to buy now - https://geni.us/JjoZRx
Nick Lane and Matthew Cobb came together to tell the story of life. Watch Matthew Cobb’s take on the tale here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MYxASuEqMlY
And watch the Q&A here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L4N6ws1YTEk
Nick Lane is an evolutionary biochemist in the Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London. His work focuses on the origin of life, and the origin and evolution of eukaryotes. He is also author of prize-winning popular science books, including 'Life ascending'.
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6:00 I got an entirely different take on that. Regarding germs having "done nothing" - to me those evolutionary trees and what Lane and others are teaching us about the full breath of life on Earth - is revealing to me that microorganisms have been evolving along side the rest of complex life, helping support the increasingly complexity, etc, doing their thing.
Evolving in their own tiny world.
Does that make sense? Or?
I study Astrophysics but try to find time concerning Abiogenesis and Evolution/Biology. I own Ruse & Travis Evolution: The first four billion years. I also owe a couple Books specifically on Astrobiology like Paul Davies "The Eerie Silence", David Grinspoon " Lonely Planets" and "First Contact" by Marc Kaufman and my favorite "Rare Earth" by Ward & Brownlee...of course I have Darwin's Origin of Species.
I purchased this week Nick Lanes " The Vital Question" and am in the process of reading it...
I'm asking individuals here watching the video - which other Books are "must reads" concerning Abiogenesis, Evolution, DNA/Genetics - basically Biology... And a brief explanation/review would also be great. Thanks fellow Science lovers (:
Excellent talk, great to have a speaker who just runs with their ideas, doesn't dumb things down or lower the conceptual bandwidth. A science lecture *should* leave you with a list of notes, things to look up, books to read.
Dr. Nick Lane's book, "The Vital Question", blew me away. I am a physician, but I have followed closely for the past four decades (yes that dates me) the search for possible mechanisms as to how life first evolved on Earth. (In Dr. Lane's words: the shopping list for Life is rock, water, and CO2). I grew up in the era of the Viking Mars space missions, and have followed this topic as a hobby ever since. (I even took biochemistry as an "elective" in college, and have continued to study it ever since...) Dr. Nick Lane lays out in logical format HOW it could be done (creation of the first life on Earth), and HOW complex life (i.e., eukaryotes) may have evolved, and WHY advanced life is likely to be rare (at least much MORE rare than bacterial life) in the universe. He is an engaging, humorous, creative and passionate writer. (Dr. Lane's earlier book, "Oxygen - the Molecule that Made the World", is a wonderful adjunct, even though it was published in 2002, and is still relevant and accurate.)
Im sorry to say this, but I really didn't enjoy his book the vital question, I couldn't get past the first chapter, too much anthropic bias, subjective hypothetical scenarios, little/no sources cited on things or hell, he never even gives an observation to back up his claims, and his "argument" is based off of "well this happens, but sometimes it doesn't" then he goes on after stating a certain hypothesis as "wrong" (stating his opinion as fact) because "if life proceeded because of X, then Y would be the result" but NEVER gives a fucking example of why this is the case, its as if he doesn't know what r and k selection theory is,... any biochemists or molecular biologist read the whole book ? Does it get better? Is there anything to gain from reading this?
This is not an easy read. After getting through it the 3rd or 4th time it really began to sink in to a point where the vocabulary had meaning so the underlying concepts became clear. I am not a biochemist. So sorry to say if you could not make it past the first chapter you probably missed all the major concepts. You may want to ready Nick Lane's previous book first, or one of the thousands of books from the 30 some scientists Lane references and similar.
The reason Lane uses the diction that disagrees with you, or the hypothetical stance, is because, I think, there really is a black hole in biology. We do not have direct evidence of how life started. Scientists can however, use an unbelievable array of techniques and tools which continue to reveal cells and their processes to an ever increasing detail and that is key here. Only now can we sequence the complete genome rapidly. Only now can we synthesize complex proteins and decode how they fold and unfold.
Lane makes no independent leaps of faith here. His work is contingent on an army of scientists and decades of research. Lane is a connector, which is the only way we can remotely start to understand what life may have looked like billions of years ago. Connecting current research across multiple disciplines. Geology, geochemistry, chemistry, genetics, oceanography, physics, etc....
It may bother or upset certain people to hear Lane explain that life was not created out of thin air by a creator, but once you begin to understand how very unique and unlikely the combination of conditions necessary to create complex cells and hence intelligent life, you can replace divine creation of man with the miracle of our unbelievably rare earth.
+thomas underhill Well yes, I thought it was really unusual for a scientist like Nick Lane to bother to respond to a mere YouTube comment. But at the same time, I find it unusual for someone who is not Nick Lane to create a YouTube account as Nick Lane, in order to come to his defense, and to do so in a manner that makes sense and clears up the alleged problem. I've defended many scientists on YouTube, but never faked an account in their name to do so.
Either way, I accept the explanation that, in the video at 6:55, Nick Lane was not referring to Euglena but was instead talking about the tiny bacterial cell on the slide (which I did not see the first time I watched the video: maybe a bototm-of-the-screen pop-up ad was covering it up??).
Enjoyed this talk, particularly Nick Lane's frank honesty about the established theories, and how new understanding continues to be developed.
The RI talks often seem to fall into one of two types. (1) aimed at school children. (2) aimed at adults. I rarely watch the former as I find the presentation style a little patronising. It would be helpful, when receiving email updates of new videos, to have a clear indication of this split.
Why is more complex life more relevant to evolve towards then single cellular organisms. in the end what matters is survival and procreation, there is no basis to suggest more complex individuals have a bigger chance of surviving as a species.
in fact Bacteria and other smaller singular lifeforms are some of the ruggest, most robust and hardest to erradicate from our planet. so given Survival of the fittest, they do extrememly well, also who says multiple things have not developed in parralel, and successfull change instead of being transferred by lateral transfer, redevelopment over time.
That's not really how it works. Competition is essentially one way. You only need to do better than your immediate predecessor. Germs are dangerous to humans, but not so dangerous as to wipe us out (despite several valiant attempts). Complexity enhances the ability to adapt faster and in more varied ways (now including tools/technology).
One thing is obvious - there are some fundamental flaws in our current theory of evolution. One is the ignorance of nature's highest order: To maintain the highest possible diversity at any time - be it between species or within species.
Only as much diversity as the ecosystem can support. There's a reason there aren't thousands of sub/species of larger animals (versus say insects/bacteria). There isn't enough energy to feed or enough pressure to drive such unnecessary diversity. Nature is as complex as it needs to be, but no more so.
The Tron Roadmap.
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With an already existing user base of over 180 million, the opportunities for this Blockchain and cryptocurrency seem enormous. Also, it will likely not have to bootstrap and this is a deviation from the trajectory of most apps and platforms of this nature.
An outsider continues to steal the crypto spotlight.
Investors started telling CoinDesk in late December that Telegram was looking at doing some kind of ICO.
All that on top of promising super fast payments and micropayments using mobile devices, with negligible transaction fees.
With these announcements, fake sites quickly popped up claiming to be the place to buy grams. Confirming that one was fake in a tweet proved to be the closest Durov has come to a public confirmation of the crowdsale.
By mid-month, the idea that Telegram might raise its fundraising round even higher was reported by Bloomberg.
They come up with a lockup period that releases tokens after four waiting periods, the longest one last 18 months.
Finally, Telegram has apparently offered investors some kind of refund provision if it fails to deliver the TON platform by the end of October 2019, Business Insider reported.
The leader in blockchain news, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the highest journalistic standards and abides by a strict set of editorial policies. CoinDesk is an independent operating subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups.
The filing names Ton Issuer Inc. and Telegram Group Inc. along with the two individuals, Pavel Durov and Nikolai Durov, as related persons.
Apart from building on the extensive userbase Telegram has amassed, and serving as a medium of exchange with a native cryptocurrency called GRAM, the TON platform also aims to include smart contracts and decentralized services such as TON Storage and TON Proxy.
Leverage and Margin Explained.