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It's All About Orchiopexy – Manipal Hospital
 
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This video is an informative animated presentation that explains in detail about Orchiopexy. An undescended testicle is a condition where one or both reproductive glands have not moved down from a baby’s belly or abdomen, into the scrotum. For unknown reasons one or both testicles fail to move down into the scrotum before birth. An undescended testicle may remain in the abdomen or in the inguinal canal or just above the scrotum or they may migrate to the base of the penis or other areas. Half of the time the testicles descend to the scrotum within 90 days after birth. But if they don’t descend, this person may have problems having children, when he is an adult. He will also have a much higher chance of developing testicular cancer. Undescended testicle surgery may be required, either Orchiopexy surgery or laparoscopic orchiopexy which are classified under Urologic surgery. The procedure is recommended within the first year birth and if your baby’s testicle or below the inguinal canal, an open surgery may be performed. To begin your surgeon will make a small incision in the groin. Watch the video to know more about Orchiopexy. To know more visit our website : https://www.manipalhospitals.com/ Get Connected Here: ================== Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ManipalHospitalsIndia Google+: https://plus.google.com/111550660990613118698 Twitter: https://twitter.com/ManipalHealth Pinterest: https://in.pinterest.com/manipalhospital Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/manipal-hospital Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/manipalhospitals/ Foursquare: https://foursquare.com/manipalhealth Alexa: http://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/manipalhospitals.com Blog: https://www.manipalhospitals.com/blog/
Views: 95229 Manipal Hospitals
What are Undescended Testicles?
 
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Learn the signs and symptoms of undescended testicles in young boys and how the Department of Pediatric Urology at Children’s Hospital Colorado can help. To learn more about undescended testicle at Children's Hospital Colorado, visit https://www.childrenscolorado.org/conditions-and-advice/conditions-and-symptoms/conditions/undescended/
Cryptorchidism - Undescended Testes
 
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a very common condition, up to 3% of all full term male babies are born with an undescended testicle
Views: 168100 DrER.tv
Undescended testicle operation: A parent's advice
 
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Web ► bbc.co.uk/5live Facebook ► facebook.com/bbc5live Twitter ► twitter.com/bbc5live Instagram ► instagram.com/bbc5live 1 in 25 boys are born with an undescended testicle, which can lead to testicular cancer and fertility issues later in life if left untreated. A mum shares her advice for parents of children who need the operation. In most cases, no treatment is necessary, as the testicles will usually move naturally from the abdomen to the scrotum naturally during the first three to six months of life. However, around one in 100 boys stay ascended and an operation is advised.
Views: 24616 BBC 5 live
Canine cryptorchid surgery
 
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This is a true abdominal cryptorchid. This procedure utilizes a very small incision, smaller than a laprascopic cryptorchid surgery. Before surgery, make sure you are on the correct side by palpating the descended testicle and determining the side of origin for that one. The incision is made just perpendicular and lateral to the cranial portion of the penile sheath. Sharp dissection through the fascia and blunt through the muscle layers for almost no bleeding. Must be able to use a spay hook, just remember the developmental anatomy of the testicle and visualize where it came from and where it was going. It has to be in between. Email me for more details. [email protected]
Views: 81541 brownd05
What is Retractile Testicle Surgery?
 
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To learn more, visit https://www.childrenscolorado.org/conditions-and-advice/conditions-and-symptoms/conditions/inguinal-hernia-hydrocele/. Learn about Retractile Testicles and ascending testicles and what to expect from Retractile Testicle Surgery at Children’s Hospital Colorado.
Orchidopexy
 
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It is performed in cases of undescended testis.
Views: 32577 Dr Praveen Choudhary
Inguinal orchiectomy for undesended testis in adult (Orchidectomy)
 
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21 yo M Right undesended atrophic testis Dr. Ahmet ŞAHAN
Views: 18072 Dr. Ahmet ŞAHAN
Embryology & Gross Anatomy - Testicular Descent and Layers of the Spermatic Cord
 
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Hi everyone, here is a short video that should help you keep track of the layers of the abdominal wall and how they contribute to the spermatic cord as the testicle descends into the scrotum. Enjoy!
UNDESCENDED TESTIS -  Groin Swellings
 
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#surgicaleducator #pediatricsurgery #undescendedtestis #usmle #babysurgeon #surgicaltutor Undescended Testis is the arrest of descend of testis in it's normal path of descend. Testis may be palpable in groin or impalpable that is intra abdominal testis. If there is palpable groin testis you have to do Inguinal orchiopexy. If it is impalpable intra abdominal testis and if it is near internal ring you can do single stage Laparoscopic Fowler Stephen's operation. If it is high intra abdominal testis you can do staged Fowler Stephen's operation or micro vascular auto transplantataion. All my videos are problem based, because patients are coming to us with problems and not with diagnosis. I have made a playlist for each surgical problem which consist of many videos. I request you all to watch all the videos in the playlist together so that you will become confident in dealing with these problems. Links to the Playlists based on Surgical Problems: 1. Scrotal Swellings: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uXwt0JH0YG8m4JmzgAli9jj 2. Groin Swellings: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uVaDboG_ddw2S6xInNnB80D 3. Abdominal Pain: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uUcXb96A3tFpTrWOVa2F7j1 4. Obstructive Jaundice: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uX6MsQnsCTGl8YDFN1TYiQm 5. Upper GI Hemorrhage: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uUtV67AdUQYEUKdhX9vL576 6. Lower GI Hemorrhage: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uUgt-kTdmBZcrODMWScm0fW 7. Thyroid Pathologies: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uWg55odQfB_7JT0NYIP8ELp 8. Breast Pathologies: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uVTLcGtam1kFBzjY4NAf7MZ 9. Peripheral Arterial Diseases: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uXcQE-u_6VIbQR4g8MdOi0z 10 . Venous Diseases: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uVf1aYodgILbxVpC-fkdqNo 11. Dysphagia: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uX1a7MVULzB-4DlU1LpKPy9 12. Trauma: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uWqLdpyHBCYvS68yxFbuwmV 13. Operative Surgery: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uWP-kZH9Vk5y4OjoIOYD4xe 14. Pediatric Surgery: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uVghSB1YB4nz7TytYhDovAH 15. Urology: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLxyHif1Z9-uXzZkDec1nDRwzPpW6V-G06 You can follow me in the following links: 1. Blog: http://surgicaleducator.blogspot.com/ 2. FB fan page: https://www.facebook.com/surgicaltutor 3. Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/drbselvaraj/ 4. Google+: https://plus.google.com/+SurgicalEducator 5. Twitter: https://twitter.com/51f6facd9089455 6. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/selvaraj.balasubramani.7 7. Slideshare: https://www.slideshare.net/babysurgeon Thank you very much for following and supporting this surgery teaching YouTube channel.
Views: 10722 Surgical Educator
How to remove the undescended testicle - neuter of dog
 
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Veteirnary surgery. Anatomy is important in understanding where the undescended testicle travels during development. Location of the undescended testicle can be difficult if it is not palpable below the skin. It may be inside the inguinal canal (as in this case study) or inside the abdomen. Ultrasound scan is advised although in most cases, laparotomy will reveal the testicle next to the neck of the bladder. This can be hooked out. Only with 2 testicles removed, will Toa Payoh Vets issue a neuter certificate. Some vets remove only the descended testicle and issue the certificate. This will be professionally negligent. The undescended testicle may become cancerous later and the vet/ practice can be sued for negligence. .
Views: 13074 Kong Yuen Sing
Understanding Undescended Testis: All what you need to know about undescended testis as a laymen
 
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The video clip is on the talk on undescended testis delivered by Dr. Rasik Shah on March 01, 2013 at web seminar organised by Hinduja Hospital. It answers the most of the queries that parents can have.
Undescended Testis Hormone Therapy Medicines to Cure Testis Descent in Scrotum
 
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Dr. B. K. Roy MBBS, MD, DM( Endocrinology),MES(USA), ESDCC(USA), Senior Consultant APOLLO HOSPITAL Noida & Diabetes Thyroid & Hormone Centre Delhi Ex. Asst. Professor at Hindustan Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre Greater Noida. Member Endocrine Society USA Clinic Certified by Endocrine Society of USA Delivers lectures or Chairs Sessions or Speaks as Panelist on Diabetes & Hormone Diseases in various Medical Forums. Took special training from AIIMS Delhi & PGI Chandigarh. Senior Member Endocrine Society of India. Senior Member Diabetes Association Of India of India. Active Member of Indian Medical Association. Attends various National & International Conferences. Regularly shown on various TV Channels as Hormone Specialist Contact Numbers: (Mob 9899180390,9971687203,011-22441114 @0120-4349448 SMS or Whatsapp for Appointment at 9911724317 & 9971687203). Please Contact us only if you wish to consult us at our centre or want to take online consultation after depositing Dr. BK Roy Fee Rs 1000 for first Visit and Rs 800 for subsequent Visits. Please do not call just for free these Telephone Calls are attended by Clinic staff they can only give you appointment and will not be able to give you answer of any medical query. As I am a Private Dr seeing patient at clinic timings It is not possible to answer so many phone calls for free. Thus I Attend only those calls for which online fee has been paid. I am very thankful to you for watching my videos. I Promise that i will keep posting useful videos for you. Sorry that I am unable to help you all free.) Email: [email protected], Website : www.diabetesthyoidhormone.com) https://www.facebook.com/DiabetesThyroidHormoneCentreDelhi/
First Stage SF Orchiopexy for undescended testis: high abdominal in a child
 
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Video clip shows the steps of first stage Stephen Fowler laparoscopic orchiopexy.
Orchidectomy - Removal of Testis in an adult with undescended testis
 
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Undescended testis is a congenital disorder in which testis is not descended in scrotal sac. In an adult if it is in abdomen, there are chances of malignant transformation. In such condition, it should be removed.
Views: 132224 Dr Praveen Choudhary
MALE DOG:CRYPTORCHID IN ABDOMEN
 
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Hi This tutorial i am gonna show you how to approach and find the testicle by spay hook ,small wound and less blood hope this video will give another idea to do easier surgery please subcribe if you like my video and share to your vet friends please follow my facebook page; DR MING KWAN ................................................................................................................ Music by Every Step - Silent Partner:http://youtu.be/JX8Jo66w4tA
Views: 11607 Dr.Ming Kwan
Descent of the testis & undescended testis 1
 
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1 Descent of the testis & undescended testis
Views: 1021 Dr.forat adli
Final Video: Vet Surgery - how to do bilateral abdominal cryptorchidism
 
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A Be Kind To Pets veterinary educational video for vet students and pet owners. An 8-month-old poodle started urine marking. No scrotum and no palpable inguinal undescended testicles. An ultrasound is advised but not done to lower vet costs. A paramedian caudal abdominal approach and spay hooks neutered the dog.
Views: 4642 Kong Yuen Sing
Laparoscopic management of the vanishing testis | Cryptorchidism
 
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Full cryptorchidism resource: https://bit.ly/2CpJipl Laparoscopic management of the Testicular Remnant in the Vanishing Testis Syndrome.
Views: 799 Medscape
Undescended Testes: Ask The Expert featuring Dr. Earl Cheng, Lurie Children's
 
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Undescended Testes (UDT) appears in about 1 percent of males and is also more commonly seen in premature infants than in those who are full term. It is also associated with hormonal disorders, spina bifida and other abnormalities present at birth. Dr. Earl Cheng, pediatric urologist, discusses the symptoms and the treatment for this condition.
Rare Double Cryptorchid Surgery
 
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-------VIEWER DISCRETION IS ADVISED-------- Taz is a male Queensland Blue Heeler who is a rare double cryptorchid medical case. Usually in a cryptorchid case only one testicle will drop while the other stays in the abdomen. In Taz's case both testicles never ended up dropping so both stayed in the abdomen. If not removed the testicles can become cancerous. Luckily Taz had both removed and is now happy and healthy!
Canine Inguinal Cryptorchid, 1 incision
 
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It goes without saying that these videos are intended for educational purposes, and these surgeries should only be performed by veterinary professionals.
Views: 520 Harmony Vet Care
231 - Testicular abnormalities (Cryptorchidism, Hydrocele, ,,, ) - USMLE Step 1 - USMLE Ace
 
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Full Video: Testicular abnormalities (Cryptorchidism, Hydrocele, Varicocele, testicular torsion, Epididymitis) Presented by USMLE Ace, Inc. For full video please visit www.usmleace.com Ace offers over 1800 questions, 35+ hours educational videos, and more. Copyright USMLE ACE, Inc. | All rights reserved
Views: 10934 USMLE ACE INC
Inguinal Hernia associated with undescended testis in a 30 years male
 
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Undescended testes is a condition in which testes fail to descend in to the scrotal sac. It is noticed in infants and corrected by surgery - Orchidopexy. In India, we see extreme negligence regarding the cure of the disease. If a disease is not giving pain, people avoid it till it becomes cumbersome. In the present case, hernial sac contains testis (RT) and patent processus vaginalis. In this age, we have to resect the testis and hernia repair is performed.
Views: 38184 Dr Praveen Choudhary
Cryptorchidism (Undescended Testicle)
 
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a very common condition, up to 3% of all term male babies are born with an undescended testicle. Web ▻ bbc.co.uk/5live Facebook ▻ facebook.com/bbc5live Twitter ▻ twitter.com/bbc5live Instagram ▻ instagram.com/bbc5live 1 in 25 boys are born with an undescended testicle, which can. Undescended Testes (UDT) appears in about 1 percent of males and is also more commonly seen in premature infants than in those who are term. It is also associated with hormonal disorders,. More videos about health and health insurance here
Views: 486 crazy suck
Orchidopexy / Orchiopexy Surgical Procedure video
 
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The title says it all
Views: 30316 Dr. H PANDEY
What is an undescended testicle and is it common in children?
 
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Undescended testes is a condition in which one or both of the testicles do not descend into the scrotum at birth, but remain in the abdomen. Mr Stefano Giuliani is a top paediatric surgeon who treats problems in infants and children, including corrective surgery for undescended testes. Make an appointment with Mr Giuliani here: https://www.topdoctors.co.uk/doctor/stefano-giuliani
Views: 2044 Top Doctors UK
Orchiopexy surgery for both sided Undescended testis in a child- Dr A.K.Singal, Mumbai, India
 
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Undescended testicles, also called cryptorchidism, may be seen in 4% of boys at birth, and there is an even higher incidence in premature infants. 60-70% of these undescended testis can come down to normal location by 4-5 months of age. A good clinical examination should be done by a Pediatric urologist or a pediatric surgeon at 6 months of age to check if the testis is present or not. If the testis is present, it may have descended incompletely and may lie within the inguinal canal (just above the scrotum). Such a testis may be felt by the examining Pediatric Surgeon or a Pediatric urologist doctor called a palpable UDT. The testicle may have not descended properly, but remains within the tummy or it may be absent. In such a case a testis may not be felt by the doctor. Tests such as ultrasound or MRI may not help much in finding out if the testis is present or not or where it is. A clinical examination by a pediatric urologist surgeon is the best way to decide. If the testis can’t be felt by the doctor, a laparoscopy surgery is the only test which can determine with 100% accuracy the presence and location of testis. Ideal age to operate is around 6-9months of age and this is the personal preference of Dr A.K.Singal as well. Undescended testis which can be felt by the pediatric urologist surgeon (called palpable testis) can be managed with a Surgery called Orchiopexy. It is a day care surgery and the children can go back home in the evening of surgery. The surgery takes about 30-45 minutes and all the stitches are put within the skin and need not be removed. Dr Singal usually calls for a review 2 days and 2 weeks after surgery to check for healing. Further, we use only one dose of antibiotic just before surgery in operation theater and thus excessive use of antibiotics is avoided. If the testis cannot be felt by the doctor (called non-palpable undescended testis), its presence and location must be determined. A diagnostic laparoscopy is recommended through a small cut in the belly button to check for testis within the belly. A telescope attached to the camera can give a very good view of all the locations where the testis may be inside the belly or if it is absent. If testis is found inside the belly, orchiopexy using laparoscopy can be done immediately (called laparoscopic orchiopexy). Dr A.K.Singal is one of the best Pediatric Urologist surgeons in India and people travel to Mumbai, Navi Mumbai and Thane to get their kids treated under his care from all over India.
Abdominal Cryptorchid Cat Castration
 
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This video shows a technique for castration of an abdominal cryptorchid cat. The retained testicle is located with the use of a spay hook.
Views: 29276 sheltervet
Descent of the testis & undescended testis 2
 
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2 Descent of the testis & undescended testis
Views: 387 Dr.forat adli
Undescended testicle in a Golden Retriever
 
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Cryptorchidism is the condition in which the testicle is not descended into the scrotum. This 2-year-old Golden Retriever has only one descended testicle. In this dog, I cannot palpate the left undescended testicle under the skin and so it must be inside the abdomen. The owner informed me that Dr Daniel had said that the retained testicle was the right. The owner must be informed that there needs to be an opening of the abdomen to fish out the retained testicle. This testicle will be near the bladder. The owner was not in favour of removing the normal descended testicle. Removal of the undescended one prevents complications if it becomes cancerous. As the active exercising dog is very thin, a blood test is done.
Views: 12035 Kong Yuen Sing
Cryptorchidism (Undescended Testicle)
 
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Cryptorchidism (Undescended Testicle)
Views: 712 jody campbell
Undescended testicle (cryptorchidism) : Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, Treatment
 
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LIKE | COMMENT | SHARE | SUBSCRIBE For more info visit http://www.DiseasesAndTreatment.com/ ====================================== Undescended testicle , cryptorchidism ======================================
Infants whose testes don't drop at raised risk of testicular cancer
 
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From Scotland - Newborns whose testes do not descend are at raised risk of testicular cancer, according to a report published in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of 12 studies covering over 2 million boys that were followed for nearly 60 million person years. They found that boys whose testes did not descend at birth--a condition known as cryptorchidism--were nearly 3x more likely to develop testicular cancer.
Views: 5182 insidermedicine
Cryptorchid Cat Surgery
 
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Left testicle has descended into scrotal sack. Right testicle was found just inside the right inguinal canal. My personal video editing program was not performing properly so I resorted to using what appears to be a much better program; however, it is not activated as you can see.
Canine Cryptorchidism Explained by Doc Pawsitive
 
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Doc Pawsitive takes a few moments to explain cryptorchidism in male dogs, also known as undescended testicle(s). The term cryptorchidism broken down simply means "crypto" or hidden with "orchid" or testicle. A cryptorchid dog has a hidden testicle, which is defined as a testicle that has not descended into the scrotum, the normal position for testes. This condition is more commonly seen in toy breed dogs such as Chihuahuas, Yorkshire Terriers, Maltese, Pomeranians and others. Cryptorchism is a heritable condition, meaning it can be passed down through generations and consequently cryptorchid dogs should never be bred. The majority of dogs should never be bred anyway, but the undescended testicle is prone to other problems in the long-term, including testicular cancer. In a normal male dog, the position of the scrotum below the body ensures the testicles are maintained at a lower temperature than normal canine body temperature. The lower scrotal temperature ensures the sperm viability for reproduction. Undescended testicles at higher than normal temperatures have a much higher incidence of testicular cancers or neoplasms. Studies show that over 50% of testicular Sertoli Cell tumors occur in cryptorchid dogs. The reason for this condition is simply a failure of the testicle to migrate to the normal position as puppies develop in-utero, or inside the mother. Embryologically the testes start out in nearly the same position as the ovaries in a female dog, however while the ovaries stay put, the testes migrate down through the abdomen headed for the scrotum. With cryptorchism, one or both of the testes fails to migrate the full path and reach the scrotum. Occassionally the testes may nearly reach the scrotum and can be felt in the groin area right next to the scrotum. Other times the testes remain intra-abdominal, or inside the abdomen. In the instances of intra-abdominal cryptorchids, the canine neuter surgery will be more expensive than a standard neuter because of the increase in surgical difficulty. An intra-abdominal cryptorchid neuter is actually more similar to a canine spay or ovariohysterectomy and consequently costs almost the same as having a female dog spayed.
Views: 20565 MellowYellow1800
Cryptorchidism: Discussion of Undescended Testicles for Parents
 
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Dr. Ardavan Akhavan, Director of Pediatric Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery at NY Presbyterian - Weill Cornell Medical Center, discusses the evaluation and management of undescended testicles, also called cryptorchidism. To make an appointment to see Dr. Akhavan, call (212)746-5361.
Views: 2025 Ardavan Akhavan
Male Feline Cryptorchidism and Castration
 
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"A vet and another originally thought "V" was female as there were no testicles present. My human insisted that "V" was male. Months later, a single testicle began to descend. The other was fat and juicy and remained in the abdomen. The vet said it couldn't be functional, but he would remove it anyway. He doesn't know the passion and vitality of the Vajra Lineage. We're a fertile bunch! Good thing too: because it was still active and able to 'perform'. The vet executed a great surgery, removed each testicle. This presented a great educational opportunity. I asked my human to record it. So, for your education, I present: Venus' castration." – Vajra, Venus' grandmother. #Cryptorchidism #ProudOfMyGrandSon
Views: 6521 TuacaKelly
TUTORIAL - Male Cat Cryptorchid in Abdomen
 
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Hello! In this tutorial the tutorial will be more difficult because this video will show you how to repair a male cat with cryptorchid in the abdomen. You can do it by yourself from now by following the instructions in the video. I have done this surgery myself many times with the technique seen in the video, it's an easy way to do this.
Views: 8407 Dr.Ming Kwan
Wally after his Cryptorchidism (Neuter) Surgery
 
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Wally had to get Neutered because his testies did not descend properly after birth... as we knew Wally is a special dog... His neuter was a little more complex surgery due to this issue. Cryptorchidism is the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum. This usually represents failure of the testis to move, or "descend," during fetal development from an abdominal position, through the inguinal canal, into the ipsilateral scrotum. About 3% of full-term and 30% of premature infant boys are born with at least one undescended testis, making cryptorchidism the most common birth defect of male genitalia. However, most testes descend by the first year of life (the majority within three months), making the true incidence of cryptorchidism around 1% overall.
Views: 149594 hylas49
UNDESCENDED TESTICLES
 
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Views: 789 Health Apta
Dr. ETV | Undescended Testicle | 21st July 2018 | డాక్టర్ ఈటీవీ
 
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Eminent doctors and other specialists from healthcare and lifestyle provide answers to your questions on health and wellness, only on Dr ETV. The question and answer session covers experts from several medical streams and is vital in providing you lifesaving and life-changing information
Views: 287 ETV Life India
Undescended Testis - NMC Capsules
 
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Dr Hamdy Abotaleb talks about what is undescended testis, the clinical examination involved, the management with surgery --orchiopexy, the risks involved and neoplasia. For more information please visit : http://www.nmcurocare.ae/
Views: 3904 NMC Healthcare
RETAINED TESTICULAR TUMOUR IN THE ABDOMEN LYKA PET CLINIC and SURGICAL CENTRE DINDIGUL
 
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RETAINED TESTICLE IN THE ABDOMEN SURGICAL REMOVAL OF RETAINED TESTICLE THAT DEVELOPED INTO TUMOUR? ON A TERRIER + LABRADOR CROSS DOG SAFELY DONE UNDER INHALANT ISOFLURANE GAS ANAESTHESIA @ - Lyka Pet Clinic & Surgical Centre - Dindigul This dog showed typical Feminization syndrome, a condition where a male dog takes on uncharacteristic female qualities (e.g., dog’s penis may shrivel or shrink in appearance, there may be abnormal breast development, and the dog may adopt a female position to urinate) This dog was diagnosed for retained testicular tumour inside the abdomen based on physical symptoms like mammary gland (breast) development, hair loss, skin changes, radiograph & ultrasound (see pictures for details) CANINE CRYPTORCHIDISM What is canine cryptorchidism? Canine cryptorchidism is an alteration in sexual development of male dogs, and it affects approximately 13% of them. It is not possible for this disease to affect females. Cryptorchidism is the absence of one or more testicles in the scrotal sac as a result of not having descended; they normally do so at 8 weeks old. In a dog with normal sexual development, the testicles descend from their original position (behind the kidneys) to the inguinal canal at birth, and subsequently pass through the inguinal canal to reach the proper position in the scrotal sac. In a dog that suffers from cryptorchidism, the testicles do not complete this descent. This disorder may affect only one testicle or both. Undescended testicles can be found in different anatomical cavities, so you can distinguish different types of cryptorchidism depending on that factor: Unilateral cryptorchidism: One testicle is in the scrotum and the other is not. Bilateral cryptorchidism: Neither testicle is located in the scrotal sac. Inguinal cryptorchidism: One or both testicles are found in the inguinal canal. Abdominal cryptorchidism: One or both testicles are in the abdomen. The diagnosis of this disease is simply performed by palpation, with it being definitive from six months on. Why does canine cryptorchidism occur? The cause of canine cryptorchidism is still not fully known, but it is believed that genetics are very important; this is an hereditary disease that can be transmitted by both female and male dogs. Due to the genetic factor, we can identify some breeds which are predisposed to suffering from this disorder: Yorkshire Terrier Poodle Boxer Maltese Miniature Schnauzer Pekingese Symptoms of canine cryptorchidism Canine cryptorchidism doesn't show any symptoms in the animal, although you must bear in mind that undescended testicles inside the body can reach a high temperature, which means that tumors can easily be developed. They are especially evident if found in the groin or inguinal canal. A testicle affected by a tumor will secrete high amounts of feminine hormones resulting in dog feminisation syndrome, which will cause it to adopt typical characteristics of a female. These can be easily observed: The penis shrinks and it decreases in size Breasts develop It adopts the urinating position of a female dog From 4 years old on, there is an increased risk of undescended testicles forming a tumor. Treatment of canine cryptorchidism The treatment of canine cryptorchidism is surgical and consists of removing the undescended testicles. If you are dealing with an abdominal cryptorchidism, a midline laparotomy will be performed; this procedure involves opening the abdominal walls. However, if cryptorchidism is inguinal, the testicle to be removed is located externally and a surface incision is made. Prevention of canine cryptorchidism Canine cryptorchidism can only be prevented by the proper selection of parents for reproduction; a dog suffering from this condition cannot be used for reproduction. Even by choosing cryptorchidism-free parents, this does not 100% guarantee that the offspring won't suffer from this disorder.
Views: 272 Venkatesh warlu
Laparoscopic Orchiopexy in Undescended Testis
 
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This is a 1.5 yr old boy with non palpable undescended testis undergoing laparoscopic assisted orchiopexy
Views: 24137 Ravi Kanojia