Search results “Sulfide ore copper mining in utah”
The battle for Minnesota’s $1 trillion mining jackpot
Minnesota’s Arrowhead region sits atop a trove of precious metals: mining companies say the area holds four billion tons of raw material like copper and nickel, a haul worth $1 trillion. But local residents and activists are taking a stand against encroaching mining operations, citing the potentially disastrous environmental consequences. Josh Buettner of Iowa Public Television reports.
Views: 11573 PBS NewsHour
How Copper is Mined and Refined: "Copper Mining and Smelting" 1949 Viking Pictures
more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/ 'ACCOUNT OF AN OPEN-PIT COPPER MINE IN OPERATION. ILLUSTRATES THE MAIN STEPS IN EXTRACTING PURE COPPER FROM ORE. PICTURES THE PROCESSES OF BLASTING, LOADING and DISPOSING OF WASTE ROCK, LOADING ORE IN RAILROAD CARS, CRUSHING and WASHING.' see also: Bingham Canyon Copper Mine, Utah http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P7E779kues8&list=PL33B1A9216BB65F7A&index=18 Reupload of a previously uploaded film with improved video & sound. Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper Copper is a chemical element with the symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. Pure copper is soft and malleable; an exposed surface has a reddish-orange tarnish. It is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, a building material, and a constituent of various metal alloys. The metal and its alloys have been used for thousands of years. In the Roman era, copper was principally mined on Cyprus, hence the origin of the name of the metal as сyprium (metal of Cyprus), later shortened to сuprum. Its compounds are commonly encountered as copper(II) salts, which often impart blue or green colors to minerals such as turquoise and have been widely used historically as pigments. Architectural structures built with copper corrode to give green verdigris (or patina). Decorative art prominently features copper, both by itself and as part of pigments. Copper(II) ions are water-soluble, where they function at low concentration as bacteriostatic substances, fungicides, and wood preservatives. In sufficient amounts, they are poisonous to higher organisms; at lower concentrations it is an essential trace nutrient to all higher plant and animal life. The main areas where copper is found in animals are tissues, liver, muscle and bone. Copper, silver and gold are in group 11 of the periodic table, and they share certain attributes: they have one s-orbital electron on top of a filled d-electron shell and are characterized by high ductility and electrical conductivity. The filled d-shells in these elements do not contribute much to the interatomic interactions, which are dominated by the s-electrons through metallic bonds. Contrary to metals with incomplete d-shells, metallic bonds in copper are lacking a covalent character and are relatively weak. This explains the low hardness and high ductility of single crystals of copper. At the macroscopic scale, introduction of extended defects to the crystal lattice, such as grain boundaries, hinders flow of the material under applied stress thereby increasing its hardness. For this reason, copper is usually supplied in a fine-grained polycrystalline form, which has greater strength than monocrystalline forms. The low hardness of copper partly explains its high electrical (59.6×106 S/m) and thus also high thermal conductivity, which are the second highest among pure metals at room temperature.[4] This is because the resistivity to electron transport in metals at room temperature mostly originates from scattering of electrons on thermal vibrations of the lattice, which are relatively weak for a soft metal.[2] The maximum permissible current density of copper in open air is approximately 3.1×106 A/m2 of cross-sectional area, above which it begins to heat excessively. As with other metals, if copper is placed against another metal, galvanic corrosion will occur. Together with osmium (bluish), and gold (yellow), copper is one of only three elemental metals with a natural color other than gray or silver. Pure copper is orange-red and acquires a reddish tarnish when exposed to air. The characteristic color of copper results from the electronic transitions between the filled 3d and half-empty 4s atomic shells... Most copper is mined or extracted as copper sulfides from large open pit mines in porphyry copper deposits that contain 0.4 to 1.0% copper. Examples include Chuquicamata in Chile, Bingham Canyon Mine in Utah, United States and El Chino Mine in New Mexico, United States. According to the British Geological Survey, in 2005, Chile was the top mine producer of copper with at least one-third world share followed by the United States, Indonesia and Peru. The amount of copper in use is increasing and the quantity available is barely sufficient to allow all countries to reach developed world levels of usage.
Views: 7144 Jeff Quitney
Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposits of the World 2015 11 21 at 21 57 47
Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposits of the World a video showing the distribution of VMS deposits using USGS data (last updated 2010)
Views: 960 EshmunVideoChannel
Ultra High Grade Silver Vein In A Mineralized Outcrop!
Ultra high grade silver vein in a mineralized outcrop. This high grade vein also contains gold, copper and other base metals. Vein consists of quartz, free gold and sulphide minerals, host rock is mineralized with disseminations. Hope everyone enjoyed the video on mineral exploration and gold mining in British Columbia, Canada. This video was made possible by our patrons support! Thank you to our patrons! Here is the link: Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/911mining Facebook: https://m.facebook.com/911mining Website: https://www.911mining.com Business Inquiries: [email protected] Thank you and happy gold mining! 911 Mining & Prospecting Co
Copper Mining in the UP
100% factual facts
Views: 108 Michael Bender
copper smelter
This running smelter plant is in Tanga Tanzania Africa, raw material: copper oxide, Copper sulfide, fuel: coke or anode butts, the product is copper blister or copper matte. We see the blister copper flow out and cast copper ingots. Gangtou Copper Melting Furnace Manufacturer http://www.ltlu.com Phone: 0086-763-3555870 Email: [email protected]
Views: 3386 Jason Liu
EPA discusses Kennecott mine
EPA discusses Kennecott mine
Views: 365 TheMiningJournal
Silver Reef , Utah- Silver in Sandstone!
Take a short journey back into time...at Silver Reef Museum and Ghost town. We have a mine reproduction to give you the feel for what it was like in the 1870's, in one of our sandstone silver mines! Visit our website for more about Silver Reef Utah, or stop by- just 1 mile west of the Interstate 15, Leeds exit, 14 miles north of St George, just follow the signs to the museum. www.SilverReefUtah.org
High Grade Gold & Silver Ore From A Mine Dump!?
Some high grade ore with high gold and silver left in an old mine dump. We were hired to prospect this property and did we ever find a score with the assay results! Hope everyone enjoys the prospecting video and stay tuned for gold nuggets and mineral exploration! This video was made possible by our patrons support! Thank you to all our supporters! Here is the link: Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/911mining Facebook: https://m.facebook.com/911mining Website: www.911mining.com Business Inquiries: [email protected] Thank you and happy gold mining! 911 Mining & Prospecting Co
3. Kennecott Eagle Mine: The Checkered Past of Kennecott Minerals
Is past behavior an indicator of what Michigan can expect? A review of some of Kennecotts previous mining projects. National Wildlife Federation works on protecting wildlife and wild places. To learn more go to http://bit.ly/1366fHf
Views: 1407 National Wildlife
BREAKING...Exciting times for St.George Mining
St.George Mining (ASX:SGQ) Executive Chairman John Prineas can barely conceal his delight as he describes why St.George's share price has tripled...check out this sigificant breaking mining update. John also tells Proactive why we should be watching St.George very closely for more opportunities over the next 24 hours...it's all happening down at the Mt.Alexander mine in Western Australia...if you're watching copper sulphide demand, hit play.
Copper Ore Deposit
Views: 134 Stash McWhalen
High Grade Slab of Copper Ores - Nevada USA
Most amazing mine I have been in. Much larger than substantial gold mines. See width and height in the photo blog. http://CopperMineNevada.blogspot.com Many high grade Gold mines are narrow to follow narrow veins.for minimal excavation of unprofitable rock Mining is economically challenging, but the metals are required for Civilization. Copper usage indicates the material benefit in a nation - "Doctor Copper". This mine has many different kinds of copper minerals. 2.5 million tons averaging 2.5% Cu, with drill assay intercepts of 5 to 9% Cu. 1970s-1980s ore production reports have volumes with 4 to 5% copper ore. December 1975 Concentrate Shipment record listed 2,598.61 Dry Tons at 30% (29.88%) copper and 11,242.91 ounces of silver (Ag). Gold has been found on the other side of the ridge. Less than 3% of the land has been assayed. Malachite Malachite is a copper carbonate hydroxide mineral, with the formula Cu2CO3(OH)2. This opaque, green banded mineral crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malachite‎ Azurite Azurite is one of the two basic copper(II) carbonate minerals, the other being bright green malachite. Simple copper carbonate (CuCO3) http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azurite‎ http://www.bernardine.com/gemstones/azurite-malachite.htm Bornite An important copper ore for it has a copper content of about 63 percent by mass (as in bornite rock by itself), but not all rock in the mine is bornite, hence the grades reported above. Typically found as massive metallic material, it has a copper-red color on fresh exposures which quickly tarnishes to an iridescent purple after exposure to air and moisture. May be confused with tarnished chalcopyrite. Common and widespread in copper ore deposits. It also occurs in basic intrusives, in dikes, in contact metamorphic deposits, in quartz veins and in pegmatites. Bornite has a brown to copper-red color on fresh surfaces that tarnishes to various iridescent shades of blue to purple in places. Its striking iridescence gives it the nickname peacock copper or peacock ore. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bornite.jpg (Those colors are found in this mine.) Bornite, also known as peacock ore, is a sulfide mineral with chemical composition Cu5FeS4 that crystallizes in the orthorhombic system (pseudo-cubic). http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bornite‎ Thick beds of alkaline Limestone, hundreds of feet thick, neutralize the mix of ground water and sulfur. 20th Century Open Pit and Equipment Pad 360 at Nevada Copper Mine http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SFT4xFkeJqw Chalcopyrite Copper Ore Crystals in Nevada Copper Mine HD http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qgfR3D2so18 High Grade Ores Abound 300 Feet Underground at Nevada Copper Mine http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mK36xH3oUyk List of copper ores http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_copper_ores
Adamera's Prospecting Drill
Adamera's Prospecting drill modified for better depth penetration to determine the extent of zone with 19.4 g/y gold over 1.07 metres at end of drill hole.
Prospecting Old Mines & New High Grade Gold Ore Found
Doing some night prospecting on one of our properties, sampling some old workings there mine dumps as well as some new showings. There are several high grade showings and old mines visited in the video. These mines produced mainly copper, gold & Silver. Assay results from sampling are at the end of the video. Thanks for watching please like, comment and subscribe. Want to support us? All money will go to fund new videos and some prizes for our patrons! Please go to the link below! https://www.patreon.com/911mining Also don't forget to follow us on Facebook! https://m.facebook.com/911mining Thank you & Enjoy! 911 Mining & Prospecting Co
What is GALENA? What does GALENA mean? GALENA meaning, definition & explanation
What is GALENA? What does GALENA mean? GALENA meaning - GALENA definition - GALENA explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. Galena, also called lead glance, is the natural mineral form of lead(II) sulfide. It is the most important ore of lead and an important source of silver. Galena is one of the most abundant and widely distributed sulfide minerals. It crystallizes in the cubic crystal system often showing octahedral forms. It is often associated with the minerals sphalerite, calcite and fluorite. Galena is the main ore of lead, used since ancient times. Because of its somewhat low melting point, it was easy to liberate by smelting. In some deposits galena contains about 1–2% silver, a byproduct that far outweighs the main lead ore in revenue. Galena deposits often also contain significant amounts of silver as included silver sulfide mineral phases or as limited solid solution within the galena structure. These argentiferous galenas have long been the most important ore of silver. Galena deposits are found worldwide in various environments. Noted deposits include those at Freiberg in Saxony; Cornwall, the Mendips in Somerset, Derbyshire, and Cumberland in England; the Madan, Rhodope Mountains in Bulgaria; the Sullivan Mine of British Columbia; Broken Hill and Mount Isa in Australia; and the ancient mines of Sardinia. Galena also occurs in North African countries and at Mount Hermon in Northern Israel. In the United States, it occurs most notably in the Mississippi Valley type deposits of the Lead Belt in southeastern Missouri, and in the Driftless Area of Illinois, Iowa and Wisconsin. The economic importance of galena to the early history of the Driftless Area was so great that one of the towns in the region was named Galena, Illinois. Galena also was a major mineral of the zinc-lead mines of the tri-state district around Joplin in southwestern Missouri and the adjoining areas of Kansas and Oklahoma. Galena is also an important ore mineral in the silver mining regions of Colorado, Idaho, Utah and Montana. Of the latter, the Coeur d'Alene district of northern Idaho was most prominent. Galena is the official state mineral of the U.S. states of Missouri and Wisconsin; the former mining town of Galena, Kansas takes its name from deposits of this mineral. Derbyshire in the UK was one of the main areas where galena was mined. The largest documented crystal of galena is composite cubo-octahedra from the Great Laxey Mine, Isle of Man, measuring 25 cm × 25 cm × 25 cm (10 in × 10 in × 10 in). Galena belongs to the octahedral sulfide group of minerals that have metal ions in octahedral positions, such as the iron sulfide pyrrhotite and the nickel arsenide niccolite. The galena group is named after its most common member, with other isometric members that include manganese bearing alabandite and niningerite.
Views: 1639 The Audiopedia
what is the procedure in making copper ore into concentrate
More Mining Equpment Video in: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCODZi6acoXcbt0nQmneh6Og More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html AP-42, CH 12.3: Primary Copper Smelting - US EPAsteps include mining, concentration, roasting, smelting, converting, and finally fire and . Typically, blister copper is then fire-refined in an anode furnace, cast into . melted with siliceous flux in a smelting furnace to produce copper matte.Copper Mining and Extraction Sulfide OresThis KS3 education resource looks at copper mining, extraction and pyroprocessing of . They can all be melted down and made into new products. . This diagram shows the international trade flow in copper concentrate. . From the formula, it is clear that iron and sulfur have to be removed in order to produce copper.Primary Metal ProductionIn pyrometallurgy, metals are extracted by converting sulfides into oxides and then reducing oxides into . native copper have arsenic compounds associated with them. When the ore .. Dead Roast: the ore is completely reacted, and leaves the process cold. . The function of a blast furnace is to produce pig iron, not steel.Copper mining. The main stages. - School ScienceCopper minerals and ore are found throughout the Earth's crust. They occur in . The flow chart shows you how copper is extracted from its ore and converted into pure metal. . kg of concentrated ore. . To produce 1 tonne of copper, we need ? . Roll your cursor over the steps in the diagram to see a summary of each one.Kennecott Utah Copper's Bingham Canyon Mine - Rio Tinto KennecottBingham Canyon Mine This is where the mining process begins. Every day,. Kennecott Utah Copper mines about 150,000 tons of copper ore and 330,000 tons . Smelter At the smelter, the copper concentrate is transformed into liquid copper . It requires about 15 different minerals to make a car, 30 minerals to make a.Patent US2639220 - Method of making copper sulfate - Google .The object of my invention is to produce copper sulphate directly from an ore as a principal . Not all ores of copper are suitable for my purpose and my process . It is not the aim to produce a clean metallic concentrate but rather to leave a part of the . and thus a great deal of said S02 becomes transformed into S03, a most.How copper is made - material, used, processing, steps, product .It is commonly used to produce a wide variety of products, including . The first mention of the systematic extraction of copper ore comes from about .. 6 The copper concentrate is fed into a furnace along with a silica material, called a flux.ASARCO ? MillingThey dump the ore into a gyratory crusher which reduces the ore to eight . To help the process along, eight-inch-diameter steel balls are added to the rocks . The dried copper concentrate of about 28 percent copper is shipped to the smelter.Copper Mining & Extraction Process Flow Chart - Mineral .Mar 19, 2017 . Copper Mining & Extraction Process Flow Chart . All ore in the pit is drilled and blasted and loaded into trucks and hauled for treatment . which melts the concentrate and drives off the sulfide to leave molten copper metal this.Mineral Resources - Tulane UniversityMar 20, 2012 . We require metals for making machines, sands and gravels for . Mineral resources can be divided into two major categories - Metallic and Nonmetallic . Iron is the found in abundance in minerals, but the process of . The copper concentration in copper ore deposits has shown changes throughout history.View English Version - Acacia MiningMar 17, 2017 . How and why do we produce gold and copper concentrates? . Producing and selling gold bars (doré) which are then refined into a more pure gold product . How we process our ore to liberate the contained precious minerals is .. If our mines were able to build dedicated downstream processing facilities,.Introduction to Mineral Processing - Chevron Phillips ChemicalThe process of froth flotation entails crushing and grinding the ore to a fine size. . The tailings from the molybdenum plant are the final copper concentrate (typically . Froth flotation is again employed to produce marketable concentrates of both. . overburden, and other copper-containing materials are stacked into a heap.COPPER Copper productionBeneficiation by froth flotation of ore to give copper concentrate. (Optional .. used to produce a matte (40 50 wt % Cu) and a disposal slag (ca. 0.5 wt % Cu). . steps of roasting and smelting are combined into a roa
Views: 1 Louisa Harvey
High Grade Gold & Silver Ore From A Stockwork/Stringer Deposit!
A sample was assayed and contained high grade gold and silver in a stockwork/stringer deposit. This deposit contains, free mill gold, Galena, Chalcopyrite and minor Pyrite. Hope everyone enjoyed the video on mineral exploration and gold mining in British Columbia, Canada. This video was made possible by our patrons support! Thank you to our patrons! Here is the link: Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/911mining Facebook: https://m.facebook.com/911mining Website: https://www.911mining.com Business Inquiries: [email protected] Thank you and happy gold mining! 911 Mining & Prospecting Co
Prospecting For Gold & Silver - New High Grade Ore Vein Found
Sampling an area with extensive outcrop containing viens of solid mineral containing gold, silver, platinum, lead and zinc. We have sampled several other smaller viens in the area but this is the most promising and returning the best values. The ore is found amoungst a schistose host rock with numerous quartz veins and dissemintions in the host rock of pyrite and chalcopyrite. The quartz veins are virtually barren other than the occasional speck or pocket of pyrite. The solid mineral viens mainly consist of a pyritic ore with minor chalcopyrite, sphalerite and some galena. We are mostly intrested in the au and ag values, however other minerals in the ore are also if decent grade. Want to help support our videos? All money will go to fund new videos and some prizes for our patrons! Click the link below! https://www.patreon.com/911mining https://shop.spreadshirt.com/911mining Also don't forget to follow us on Facebook! https://m.facebook.com/911mining Thank you & Enjoy! 911 Mining & Prospecting Co
Rockhounding Utah - Pyrite "Fools Gold"
Did a short road trip with my dad and we found some Iron pyrite and some old mines. Music: Acoustic Guitar 1 by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0) Artist: http://audionautix.com/
Views: 3998 RoadTrippinNomad
Abandoned Mine Exploration - Lucky Strike Mines
Mojave Underground Inc. visits abandoned mines in the San Rafael Swell area. The Blue Ribbon Mines are home to a very unique ore bin. The Copper Globe is still in amazing condition, and over 100 years old, The Lucky Strike and Dirty Devil Mines are Uranium mines, and quite extensive. All of these mines are set to be closed forever, never to be seen again, by the State of Utah's Division of Oil, Gas, and Mining (DOGM). Mojave Underground visited these mines in an effort to document and preserve them. http://www.mojaveunderground.com
Views: 25189 emike09fcmc
Iron Pyrite / Fools Gold Kennecott Copper Utah
for sale on eBay under seller ID (rockandsilver)
Views: 612 rockandsilver
2. Kennecott Eagle Mine: Is Acid Mine Drainage Lake Superiors Future?
Why the concerns over a sulfide mine in Northern Michigan? Scientists explain acid mine drainage and its detrimental impact on people and water. National Wildlife Federation works on protecting wildlife and wild places. To learn more go to http://bit.ly/1366fHf
Views: 5359 National Wildlife
Mineral Hunting in Copper Basin, Yavapai County, AZ
Mineral hunting in Copper Basin, which is located between Prescott, Skull Valley and Wilhoit, in Yavapai County, AZ. We found malachite, azurite -- both copper carbonate hydroxides -- chrysocolla (a hydrated copper cyclosilicate) on a quartz matrix, with some botryoidal samples, and quartz crystals. Triplog: http://prestonm.com/copper-basin-mineral-hunt/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/PrestonMcMurry ____________________ YouTube Audio Library ... "Sioux Falls", Silent Partner
Views: 28915 KingsnakeSince1986
Bell corp - Granduc project
The Granduc project is a copper-rich magmatic volcanogenic massive sulphide (VMS-Besshi) deposit located 40 km northwest of Stewart in west-central British Columbia. Historically, the Granduc Mine produced copper, silver and gold between 1969 and 1983. Bell Resources is developing the Granduc toward potential production. Bell Resources is focused on the exploration and development of a diversified portfolio of North American base metal projects with the most advanced being the past producing Granduc Mine. All projects will be advanced along a path toward potential production enabling Bell Resources to make the transition from explorer to producer exploration animation and video presentation by www.imaker.ca
Views: 1722 Mike Shahrokni
From top of Bonanza Mine trail
Views: 88 DBuj
Porphyry copper deposit formation in the context of transcrustal magma systems
John Blundy, University of Bristol It is more than 10-years since the last detailed look at the role that volcanic and magmatic processes play in the role of ore deposits formation. The topic is still current and ready for a wide-ranging reassessment. This meeting addressed the fundamental controls on metal transport and deposition in magmatic systems.
Views: 487 GeologicalSociety
How to Smelt Gold Ore (Safely)
And Silver also https://www.911metallurgist.com/equipment/gold-ore-smelting-kit/
Views: 5487 911 Metallurgy Corp.
Copper Mining and Smelting 1944 Chile
This clip shows the Chuquicamata mine, one of the biggest open pit copper mines in the world, located in the north of Chile. The mine was owned and operated by the Anaconda Copper Mining Company. These mines were mainly self-contained and self-sustaining settlements. They were complete with their own cities to house the workers, their own water and electrical plants, schools, stores, railways, and even in certain cases their own police forces. Production for many years came from the oxidized capping of the orebody which merely required leaching and then electrowinning of the copper, but by 1951 the oxidised reserves were largely exhausted and the company built a mill, flotation plant and smelter to treat the huge reserves of underlying supergene copper sulfides. The electrowinning processes uses electroplating on a large scale for the economical and straightforward purification of non-ferrous metals. A current is passed from an inert anode through a liquid leach solution containin
Views: 107 asbestoslawyers1
grinding factory copper ore companies in china
COPPER ORE |:http://www.shibang-china.com/Griding_Mill_Series.html SBM Copper processing copper mining of copper grinder, copper crusher -- copper ore:http://www.shibang-china.com/Griding_Mill_Series.html Process of and Plant for Grinding Copper |:http://www.shibang-china.com/Griding_Mill_Series.html Grinding Ball Mill for Ores Materials (Copper, Stone, Quartz):http://www.shibang-china.com/Griding_Mill_Series.html Copper Ore Concentrator For Sale China,Process:http://www.shibang-china.com/Griding_Mill_Series.html Copper ore crushing machine for sale,used for copper:http://www.shibang-china.com/Griding_Mill_Series.html Grinding Machine for Copper Ore:http://www.shibang-china.com/Griding_Mill_Series.html Most copper ore is mined or extracted as copper sulfides from large open pit mines in porphyry copper deposits which contain 0.4 to a single.0% copper. Examples include: Chuquicamata in Chile, Bingham Canyon Mine in Utah and El Chino Mine in New Mexico, US. Themon abundance of copper found within crustal rocks is around 68 ppm by mass, and 22 ppm by atoms. In , Chile was the top mine producer of copper with no less than one-third world share followed by america, Indonesia and Peru, reports the British Geological Survey. The first stage of copper ore process inside a metallurgical treatment circuit is copper ore crushing, where the copper ore particles are reduced in dimensions so that copper particles could be efficiently separated from copper ore particles. First the copper ore is blasted, loaded and transported to the primary crushers (copper ore crusher). Then a ore is crushed and screened, using the fine sulfide ore (-0.5 mm) going to froth flotation cells for recovery of copper. After crushing process, the copper ore is send to ball mill for grinding. Within the ball mill, the crushed copper ore will grind the ore to about 0.2 mm with 3-inch steel balls. This copper ore slurry is finally pumped for the flotation deck. This copper ore slurry is finally pumped for the flotation deck with the fine sulfide ore (~-0.5 mm) going to froth flotation cells for recovery of copper. SBM Copper processing copper mining of copper grinder, copper crusher, copper ore
Views: 254 Jacqueline Sabrina
SÖRGRUVESTOLLEN • abandoned copper mine • Underground exploring Sweden 2017
* Select HD 1080 for best quality! SÖRGRUVESTOLLEN • ABANDONED COPPER MINE Somewhere in Bergslagen, close to Riddarhyttan. It’s very dangerous and hazardous in the mine, so don’t go there unless you have great underground knowledge. Don’t forget to subscribe to our channel and give thumbs up if you like the clips! Follow us on Instagram: @grottfragglarna MUSIC: Francis Lintgren - Long Nights (Eddie Vedder instrumental cover, from the movie ”Into the wild”)
Views: 178 Grottfragglarna
Where Can You Find The Most Copper
Copper & the environment copper world's most reusable (with pictures) wikihowsupply, demand, production, resources. Nov 2013 mining technology profiles the 10 biggest copper mines in world, based on contained reservesrelated suppliers screening, separation and vibrationtoquepala, perucerro verde, peru 31 may 2017 economic environmental basis for scrap recycling; And malleability make it one of most demanded metals by industry, is everywhere right now. But natural chemical reactions do sometimes release native. Look closely at the next 24 apr 2017 how to sell copper. Copper recycling information the balance. Copper & kids where does copper come from? . Selling copper tends to be more lucrative than selling other kinds of scrap metal. Today, it's one of the most used and reused our 'modern' metals. As new applications are discovered and as demand in the most common zones to have copper veins ore is smelted into bars at a forge, requiring mining skill of 1 or more. Copper concentrates are commonly exported to other countries be smelted. The 10 biggest copper mines in the world mining technology. Copper ores are resource nodes found in level 1 15 areas cu(oh)2), cuprite (cu2o), tenorite (cuo) and native copper. The largest copper mine is found in utah (bingham canyon). Is one of the most important metals used by modern industry because copper has always been, and will continue to be, world's. Copper bars are 13 mar 2017 three month copper was last 1. Top 8 places to find scrap copper iscrap app. Fallout 4 guide where to find tons of copper for your ore (node) guild wars 2 wiki (gw2w). If you have access to scrap copper at as in ancient times, remains a component of coinage used many countries, but new uses been identified. The sulphides, which yield most of the copper produced throughout world, generally occupy copper, that reddish orange metal has been used to benefit civilization since 8000 b. A nation's smelter there are tons of free copper wire rite under your nose and you dont even know it, hidden at the widest part this is hardest as well most boring!. Oct 2014 most copper occurs in ores and must be smelted for purity before it can used. The usa is the second largest producer of copper in world. List of countries by copper production wikipedia. One of copper's more recent 11 nov 2015 copper is one the commonly used materials when building your settlement, especially it come to electrics and 17 apr 2017 record information a experienced editor will add article. How to get tons of free enameled copper wire 4 steps. Other major mines are found in arizona, michigan, new mexico and montana for nearly 5,000 years, copper was the only metal known to man. Copper & kids where does copper come from? 7 most common places to find scrap wire iscrap app iscrapapp url? Q webcache. How you can get the best scrap copper prices right now & kids where does come from? . Googleusercontent search. Copper mineral fact sheets australian mines atlascopper oracle min
Views: 145 Question Tags
Copper concentrate flotation process
Copper concentrate flotation process
Views: 1912 nicktsurikov
Kennecott Security Turned Away.mov
Kennecott's security is a little camera shy and is trying to get in to Eagle Rock while a ceremony is taking place. The security guy says that they should have been informed before but Chalsea Smith suggests they are under no obligation to keep Kennecott informed about ceremonies or ask permission.
Views: 933 standfortheland
Marcia Bjornerud - Professor of Geology - Lawrence University
I have studied the geology of the Lake Superior region since I was in graduate school and have had an ongoing research project in the Penokee range for the past 10 years. Last spring, together with a colleague from the US Geological Survey (William Cannon), I led a group of 60 geologists on a field trip just west of Mellen, WI as part of the annual Institute of Lake Superior Geology. Two of my most recently published papers have been about the geology of the Penokee range. I also served as an expert witness for the National Wildlife Federation and the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community in a 2008 contested case hearing in Michigan regarding the Kennecott/Rio Tinto Eagle Rock sulfide mine northwest of Marquette, MI. I know that GLIFWC was also involved in this case. This has been edited for space. The full testimony is here: http://woodsperson.blogspot.com/2012/02/on-listening-to-testimony-marcia.html Like you, I find the restrictions for the review process absurd and antiscientific, and the provisions for wetlands 'mitigation' absurd, but I wanted in particular to contribute information about the 'overburden' waste rock that will have to be removed if the proposed mine were created. Namely, there ARE sulfide minerals (mainly pyrite) in the rock unit that lies immediately above the banded iron formation (the Ironwood iron formation) that is the target rock of the proposed mine. The sulfide-bearing layer is called the Tyler Formation, and it is a black shale, locally baked to a slate, that was laid down under low-oxygen (reducing) conditions, so the iron in it occurs as FeCO3 (siderite) and FeS2 (pyrite) rather than hematite (Fe2O3) or magnetite (Fe3O4) as in the iron ore body. So I emphatically agree with Ms. Soltis' suggestion that that the dichotomy between ferrous and sulfide mines is artificial and the mining bill is flawed in its very conception. Please feel free to cite me as the source of this information, share it with others, and let me know if I can help in any way with your work. Marcia Bjornerud Professor of Geology Lawrence University
Views: 978 Bryan Bliss
REBgold cleans the environment while processing gold
REBgold's proprietary bioleaching process recovers valuable metals from crushed ore, neutralizes sulphides causing acid rock drainage and stabilizes toxic elements such as arsenic and cadmium. Here's how the process works: Crushed ore is delivered from a the crushing circuit to a flotation plant. During this process, a concentrate is produced containing sulphide minerals and metals.... 80% of the rock is sent to the tailings pile as harmless rock. The remaining 20% is sulphides containing metals and is sent to a series of bioleach tanks that contain sulphide-loving bacteria.
Views: 14427 resourceINTELLIGENCE
Induction smelting Gold ore
Utah refining smelting facility using induction melting systems to smelt gold ore material. For more information about induction smelting, visit http://rdoinduction.com/melting-smelting-systems-products.html or contact us at [email protected]
Views: 2931 rdoinduction
20th Century Open Pit and Equipment Pad 360 at Nevada Copper Mine
http://CopperMineNevada.blogspot.com Considerable volume of low grade copper ore was mined 1970s-1980s in the open pit. The underground drift still has high grade 4%-9% ore deposits equal to the amount mined. Host rock is limestone hundreds of feet thick shot with pellets of Chalcopyrite copper ore. It's everywhere! First mine I been to where ore is everywhere of all kinds! The mine also has some silver and gold is on the other side of the ridge. Chalcopyrite is a copper iron sulfide mineral that crystallizes in the tetragonal system. It has the chemical composition CuFeS2. It has a brassy to golden yellow color http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chalcopyrite The higher grade Chalco has orange-copper color. http://CopperMineNevada.blogspot.com
Silver Ore
Views: 2910 Jack Huang
How The Copper Is Made?
Nothing illustrates the beauty and durability of copper more than statue liberty is a chemical element with symbol cu (from latin cuprum) atomic number 29. Copper ore, in concentrations ranging from 0. Supply, demand, production, resources. Under electrical charge, copper ions migrate from the solution to starter cathodes that are made high purity foil molten copper, which is about 99. Pounding hardened the copper so that more in this process, positive electrode (the anode) is made of impure which to be purified. Natural bronze, a type of copper made from ores rich in silicon, arsenic, and (rarely) tin, came into general use the balkans around 5500 bc extraction refers to methods used obtaining its. The conversion it made possible the development of giant bingham canyon mine in utah. Rods of copper are set on a machine, which will pull the rod through drawing die 6 apr 2014 plus, if you've ever wondered how all your dirty, recycled bits to be made into wire, this gets sent out new shop manufacturing has changed very little in past 70 years. In the twentieth century, most ores were concentrated before 15 feb 2015the first step in making copper wire is what's known as drawing process. Bbc gcse bitesize extraction and purification of copper. Copper mining and refining (redox) youtube. Mar 2017 the copper rich aqueous solution is then transferred to an electrolytic tank where electro winning part of process occurs. How it's made copper youtube. 29 percent to ten times that amount, is mined from open pit or underground mines 26 sep 2016 how copper is made how copper is mined and extracted. Impure copper is purified by electrolysis in which the anode impure copper, cathode pure 18 nov 2010 gold believed to have been used earlier than though its softness and scarcity made it impractical for widespread use, whereas was one of first metals ever extracted humans, has vital contributions sustaining improving society since dawn. Copper production how is copper made? The balance thebalance 2340114 url? Q webcache. Copper is made material, used, processing, steps, product copper production how made? The balance. How copper is made material, used, processing, steps, product innovations how do they that? madecoppersmithcopper extraction wikipedia. Googleusercontent search. From the melting pot it moves into a holding furnace to be poured casting pipe which will eventually become tubing. Copper is made material, used, processing, steps, product. The negative electrode (the cathode) is a bar of pure copper can be extracted from its ore by heating it with carbon. How copper cable is made cabling install. Copper an ancient metal dartmouth toxic metals superfund uses of copper. Now that we have the basic shape for copper tubing, it's time to push it out this page looks at extraction of from its ores, purification by when is made sulphide ores first method above, impure and yet, although work with these products day in out, ever asked ourselves, 'where does wire come
Views: 891 Upul ANSWERS
Activist Lois Gibbs: RioTinto, Kennecott Sulfide Mine in northern Michigan like Infamous Love Canal
"Mother of the Superfund" Lois Gibbs compared the Upper Peninsula future to infamous Love Canal disaster, during an Oct. 15, 2010 talk at Northern Michigan University (NMU). It appears officials involved in higher education in Marquette, MI were not thrilled by Gibbs talks that opposed the Kennecott Eagle Minerals nickel and copper mines planned for the Yellow Dog Plains near Lake Superior Gibbs talk at NMU almost did not happen because NMU Public Safety officials refused to unlock Jamrich Hall, according to a university employee who propped doors open with a chair and a garbage can. Meanwhile, Gibbs talk to Marquette high school students was canceled when she refused to promise that the sulfide mine would not cross her lips. Gibbs NMU presentation was titled "From the Love Canal to Michigan." Sponsors of Gibbs visit to Marquette include Students for Sustainable Living, Cedar Tree Institute, Save the Wild U.P., Yellow Dog Watershed Preserve. Gibbs said bad decisions made by political and business leaders in Niagara Falls resulted in birth defects, cancer, the uprooting of families and heartache on many levels. "You have a beautiful environment here," said Gibbs, a Nobel Peace Prize Nominee. "You have a place that is worth saving." "You have a place that has huge potential for green development," said Gibbs, executive director of the nonprofit Center for Health, Environment and Justice (CHEJ) in Falls Church, VA. "You have the opportunity here to think about what is the economic growth and development that you want in the U.P." Gibbs led a march from Eagle Rock to the mine front gates (Kennecott Eagle Minerals) where a security guard warned protestors they were too close to the site. Moments before Gibbs arrived with 25 protestors, company officials sent all employees home. For centuries sacred Eagle Rock was the site of Ojibwa religious observances. But Kennecott Minerals and its London-based parent company Rio Tinto plan to blast thru it to make an entrance to their underground mine -- the largest site of nickel and copper ever uncovered. "You (can) stop the economic growth that is not going to benefit the environment," said Gibbs. "This is not the mine that (your) mama and dad use to work - and grand-pappy used to work at -- this is a much more dangerous mine." said Gibbs, noting that the U.P.'s rich history of above ground iron ore (pit) mining is not as dangerous as underground sulfide mining including the sulfuric acid byproduct. "This is a much more dangerous mine and this is a mine that could seriously hurt the water supply, contaminate the lake and become a moonscape," she said. Niagara Falls, NY city fathers "tried to build the economy on a parallel path" and "I see that here," she said. "One was attracting tourists to the area," said Gibbs. Niagara Falls is "one of the seven wonders of the world -- it's absolutely breathtaking." "The second path they were running was an industrial - chemical industry," Gibbs said. "They thought they could run both" but "these are two incompatible paths." "Because when tourists are standing by a river (and) the fish are floating on top of the Niagara River it doesn't make for good tourism," Gibbs said. "When you are standing there smelling chemicals from the chemical plant it does not make good tourism." "On the American side (of Niagara Falls) there is nobody there," she said "If you go to the Canadian side it's bustling ." "Now downtown Niagara Falls is this huge casino where everyone gambles" but "nobody stays." "A mistake was made in Niagara Falls," Cleveland, Detroit and "a number of cities," said Gibbs. Those are "non-sustainable industrial cities." "They are now poverty cities" with "drugs, crime (and) destruction -- It's not what you want to do here (in U.P.)," she said. In 1978, Gibbs found her seven-year-old son's elementary school and neighborhood was built on a 20,000 ton toxic waste dump -- infamous "Love Canal." The government eventually evacuated 833 families - some victims of unusually high rates of cancer and birth defects. During her NMU talk, Gibbs offered support to groups battling sulfide mining from her nonprofit Center for Health, Environment and Justice (CHEJ). "CHEJ would be happy to come out and help you," said Gibbs who is continuing her three-decade battle against evil corporations and governments. Center for Health, Environment and Justice (CHEJ) Falls Church, VA www.chej.org 703-237-2249 NMU Students for Sustainable Living [email protected] 269-484-4993 Cedar Tree Institute www.CedarTreeInstitute.org 906-228-5494 Yellow Dog Watershed Preserve www.yellowdogwatershed.org 906-361-5179 Save the Wild U.P. (SWUP) www.savethewildup.org 906-228-4444 Acid mine drainage & other photos courtesy Carol Stoker, NASA Ames Research Center The Friends of the Boundary Waters Wilderness Save the Wild UP Greg Peterson, Nonprofit Cedar Tree Institute, volunteer media advisor, 906-401-0109
Views: 485 WAVECleanWater
Recent Pictures from Daddy Integrated Lead Ore Mining Site, Wase, Jos, Plateau State.
Dear Mr. Zhou, Kindly view the video from the Lead Ore Mine site. By Mr. Shall.
Views: 531 Emmanuel Shall
Rubber Shooting Range Cleaning / Lead Mining
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Urgent: Join tribes, others at Sacred Eagle Rock in Michigan to prevent Kennecott Acid Mine
American Indians and non-natives are encouraged to visit the northern Michigan campsite that is blocking a sulfide mine - as in sulfuric acid - from being built under Sacred Eagle Rock. Levi Tadgerson, an Anishinaabe man who loves and respects the environment, narrates this video that invites everyone to join the encampment at the base of Eagle Rock - the sooner the better because a confrontation between mine owners, the police and those protecting Sacred Eagle Rock could happen at any moment. Tadgerson is a 22-year-old Northern Michigan University senior and member of Bay Mills Indian Community. In the video, you will see the many amazing things happening to protect Sacred Eagle Rock including an appearance by popular American Indian singer/songwriter Elder Bobby "Bullet" St. Germaine of Iron River, MI - an elder of the Lac Du Flambeau tribe. He sings and leads a thank you drum under the shadow of Sacred Eagle Rock. This video was shot on 4/29/2010. Background Eagle Rock has been a sacred place to hold ceremonies since the Ojibwa tribe was created and was seeded to the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community (KBIC) under treaties with the American government. The multi-tribe encampment, that could be raided by mine guards and police at any moment, is blocking the Eagle Mine Project by international mining giant Kennecott Minerals and its parent company Rio Tinto. KBIC member Glen Bressette Jr., 38, of Harvey, Michigan brought a rare legally-permitted Eagle has been received to award feathers to those who honor their tribes by protecting sacred Eagle Rock and other honorable actions. Dozens of people from numerous tribes have spent days at the camp - and many others have brought supplies to the remote site on dirt roads about an hour from any city. The state of Michigan has claimed ownership to the land - but the lease with Kennecott only takes effect when the mine has secured all permits. Opponents say the mine must still get a federal EPA groundwater permit - but under a technicality the mine owners say they do not need the permit and recently put up No Trespassing signs. The American Indians rushed to the sight after Kennecott ordered the arrest of longtime mine opponent Cynthia Pryor of Big Bay, MI on April 20, 2010. Pryor was out for her usual walk on the Yellow Dog Plains when she spotted a bulldozer - and refused to leave saying the mine still had an EPA permit pending. Pryor is a member of the Yellow Dog Watershed Preserve. Among the Ojibwa tribes from Michigan and Wisconsin on sight are KBIC, Lac Du Flambeau, and Bay Mills Indian Community. As of April 30th, the mine guards has not confronted the campers - but the day before ordered no still or video cameras are allowed. That has campers worried about why what they do not want videotaped or documented - thus nerves are high. When a reporter arrived a short time later - the campers allowed him on the sight and this story was videotaped. For more info call 1-906-401-0109 The video was produced by the nonprofit Cedar Tree Institute in Marquette, MI, which has founded numerous youth, faith and Native American related environment projects. Bobby "Bullet" St. Germaine of Iron River, MI - a member of the Lac Du Flambeau tribe in Wisconsin. He is a well-know longtime native singer http://www.bobbybullet.com Petition to support Cynthia Pryor http://www.savethewildup.org/jailed/petition Yellow Dog Watershed Preserve http://www.yellowdogwatershed.org/blog Save the Wild U.P. (SWUP) http://www.savethewildup.org SWUP Facebook Page http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=20079015072 SWUP Causes on Facebook http://www.causes.com/causes/46130?recruiter_id=60587135 Stand for the Land blog http://standfortheland.com Eagle Mine Concerns Raised at Rio Tinto Meeting http://headwatersnews.net/mining-article/audio-rio-tintos-annual-general-meeting Upper Peninsula Mine Threatens Sacred Tribal Rights http://headwatersnews.net/mining-blog/upper-peninsula-mine-threatens-sacred-tribal-rights Rio Tinto Stomps on Indigenous Rights in Upper Peninsula of Michigan http://headwatersnews.net/mining-blog/rio-tinto-stomps-out-indigenous-rights-in-upper-michigan Kennecott Minerals parent company Rio Tinto accused of crimes http://headwatersnews.net/mining-article/uk-serious-fraud-office-to-investigate-rio-tinto http://headwatersnews.net/mining-article/rio-tinto-employees-charged-with-industrial-espionage-and-bribery http://headwatersnews.net/mining-article/rio-tinto-pleads-guilty-to-breach-of-mining-management-act-again-2 Mining Journal Native American activists protest at Eagle Rock 4/25/10 http://miningjournal.net/page/content.detail/id/543341.html Granholm, DEQ decision condemned by U.P. http://www.ausableanglers.org/files/members/RIVERWATCH48.pdf State of Michigan Info Eagle Mine Project http://www.michigan.gov/deq/0,1607,7-135-3311_4111_18442-130551--,00.html Nonprofit Cedar Tree Institute http://www.CedarTreeInstitute.org
Nickel Mining Chemistry
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Views: 187 FLIC Northern
Precious Metal Refining & Recovery, Episode 12: Gold From Computer Ash
I finally get around to extracting gold from the computer dust. See the whole playlist here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLKhDkilF5o69PqPy-oMCCSgEc7JYqDVTZ A big thanks to Jim Smith for sending me the material and patiently waiting 6 months for me to make a video on it. Help me make videos by donating here: https://www.patreon.com/CodysLab
Views: 1222766 Cody'sLab
2011 Showdown on the Yellow Dog Plains Part 2: Putting Mich. Lawmakers, Kennecott, Media on notice
Opponents of sulfide "acid" mining in Michigan's Upper Peninsula held strategy meetings in mid-February to galvanize their single ideal: There is no place for destructive sulfide mining on the Yellow Dog Plains or anywhere in the Great Lakes. Opponents of Kennecott Minerals and their subsidiaries have teamed with a legend in the battle against those committing environmental crimes. Environmental warrior Lois Gibbs was dubbed the "Mother of the Superfund" after she successfully battled chemical companies in the infamous Love Canal saga. Save the Wild U.P. and other sulfide mining opponents met with Boston attorney Peter B. Sessa, who represents the nonprofit Gibbs founded and is executive director: The Center for Health, Environment and Justice (CHEJ) in Falls Church, Virginia. In February 2011, Boston attorney Peter Sessa, representing an environmental nonprofit founded by Lois Gibbs, helped sulfide mining opponents galvanize their battle plans Groups opposed to the mine will unseat and defeat all elected officials who support the mine. No Democrat or Republican will be spared as groups seek to expose criminal activities involving Kennecott, its lobbyists and Michigan's greedy elected officials. Gibbs believes the pristine beauty of northern Michigan is worth saving and said the numerous sulfide mines planned will leave huge areas of the U.P. a moonscape. The Anishinaabe nation is sickened that Kennecott Eagle Minerals is planning to dynamite through sacred Eagle Rock in the spring of 2011 -- the desecration of a sacred religious, spiritual and ceremonial site for the Ojibwa. Ojibwa singer Bobby Bullett says placing the entrance of the sulfide mine in Eagle Rock shows a sickness of mind in humans and international corporations have reached. In fact, all of mines opened by Kennecott Minerals have turned into environmental disasters -- and the company has been accused of murder and human rights violations. Many Ojibwa believe that the desecration of Eagle Rock will lead to death and disaster for all those who enter the mine - that opponents hope to halt in its tracks through ongoing litigation and new tactics that will be unveiled in 2011. Dr. David Sainsbury outlined many safety concerns about the Kennecott Eagle Minerals sulfide mine http://lakesuperiorminingnews.files.wordpress.com/2009/05/sainsbury-may-6-2006-report.pdf The National Wild Life Federation outlines safety concerns, state cover-up: Thanks to the Chicago-area band "Dragon Fire Parade" for use of the song "Am I The Only One Alive"" http://www.myspace.com/dragonfireparade Some photos in this video were taken/provided by: Wikipedia Brian Charles Watson National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) United States Navy International Bird Rescue Research Center Gobierno de Chile Desierto Atacama --- Center for Health, Environment and Justice (CHEJ) Falls Church, VA Lois Marie Gibbs, Executive Director http://www.chej.org [email protected] 703-237-2249 http://audubonmagazine.org/profile/profile0811.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lois_Gibbs In Feb. 2011, Boston attorney Peter Sessa helped sulfide mining opponents galvanize their battle plans. Sessa is a CHEJ board member www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1289214945&v www.linkedin.com/pub/peter-sessa/12/69/803 Save the Wild U.P. 413 N. Third St. Marquette, MI 49855 [email protected] http://www.savethewildup.org 906-228-4444 Kristi A. Mills, Director 906-250-3350 (cell) Adrian Bakker, Executive Secretary [email protected] SWUP Facebook http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=20079015072 Yellow Dog Watershed Preserve P. O. Box 5 Big Bay, MI 49808 906-345-9223 [email protected] http://www.yellowdogwatershed.org Emily Whittaker, executive director [email protected] Cynthia Pryor, Sulfide Mining Campaign Director Wendy Johnson, Preserve Coordinator Chauncey "River Walker" Moran, Yellow Dog RiverKeeper Concerned Citizens of Big Bay P. O. Box 21 Big Bay, MI 49808 Gene Champagne, founder 906-345-9217 [email protected] www.nosulfidemine.com F. Michelle Halley, National Wildlife Federation attorney Marquette, MI 906-361-0520 [email protected] http://www.nwf.org/News-and-Magazines/Media-Center/Faces-of-NWF/Michelle-Halley.aspx http://search.nwf.org/search?q=sulfide%20mine&site=default_collection&client=default_frontend&proxystylesheet=default_frontend&output=xml_no_dtd Stand for the Land blog http://standfortheland.com Gabriel Caplett [email protected] Teresa Bertossi [email protected] 906-942-7325 Cedar Tree Institute www.CedarTreeInstitute.org Rev. Jon Magnuson [email protected] 906-228-5494 906-360-5072 Greg Peterson Nonprofit Cedar Tree Institute, volunteer media advisor [email protected] 906-401-0109 Thanks to Laura Farwell, working quietly behind the scenes
Views: 52 WAVECleanWater

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