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Search results “Iota subscript pronounced as one letter”
Duff, NT Greek, 1.4-6, Diphthongs and iota subscripts
 
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Teach yourself New Testament Greek with the help of these instructional videos, designed to help you to work through Jeremy Duff's great book "The Elements of New Testament Greek". This video covers sections 1.4-6, Diphthongs and iota subscripts. Please note: You'll need a copy of Duff's book in order to get the best out of these videos, as I won't be covering every detail that Duff mentions. I'll ain to cover specific issues which would benefit from closer attention, or which Duff doesn't mention, or which sometimes cause confusion to students. If you have any questions, please leave them in the comments, and I'll try to address them in future videos. Thanks!
Views: 223 Bible Insights
Iota subscript Meaning
 
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Video shows what iota subscript means. An iota representing a sound that was, in early Greek, pronounced after a long vowel, and persisted in writing long after it dropped out of speech, being written under the long vowel in lowercase.. Iota subscript Meaning. How to pronounce, definition audio dictionary. How to say iota subscript. Powered by MaryTTS, Wiktionary
Views: 626 ADictionary
Learn Ancient Greek With Kostas - Lesson 4 - Diphthongs Overview
 
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This video is a quick overview of the Ancient Greek diphthongs. PREVIOUS VIDEO:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y4MdLf15fJY&list=PLwobdSUc9HsrrcoGJl3BRa2yf36PLGLdL MODERN GREEK:https://www.youtube.com/user/ModernGreekLessons LATIN CHANNEL:https://www.youtube.com/user/kakosuranosx PORTUGUESE:https://www.youtube.com/user/ThePortugueseLessons GOOGLE+:https://plus.google.com/u/0/b/102764805057576900054/102764805057576900054/about FOLLOW ME ON TWITTER:https://twitter.com/ __________________________________________ FLICKR: http://www.flickr.com/people/[email protected]/ __________________________________________ LIKE ME ON FACEBOOK! THE ANCIENT GREEK TV FACEBOOK PAGE http://www.facebook.com/pages/Learn-Ancient-Greek-Online/210104665698159?ref=ts&fref=ts THE ANCIENT GREEK TRAGEDY TV FACEBOOK PAGE http://www.facebook.com/ancientgreektragedy1?ref=ts&fref=ts THE MODERN GREEK TV FACEBOOK PAGE http://www.facebook.com/pages/Learn-Modern-Greek-Online/165737206819194?ref=ts&fref=ts THE LEARN LATIN TV FACEBOOK PAGE http://www.facebook.com/pages/Learn-Latin-Online/168881766505741?ref=ts&fref=ts THE LATIN POETRY RECITED FACEBOOK PAGE http://www.facebook.com/pages/Latin-Poetry-Recited/201969349846305?ref=ts&fref=ts THE BRAZILIAN PORTUGUESE TV FACEBOOK PAGE http://www.facebook.com/pages/Brazilian-Portuguese/158369654185703 This a quick overview about Ancient Greek diphthongs. O I Δ I Φ Θ O Γ Γ O I Diphthongs A diphthong is a combination of two vowels in one syllable. The latter vowel is always I or Y.The diphthongs are: A I [aī] E I [eī] O I [oī] Y I [uī] A I [āī] H I [ēī] Ω I [ōī] A Y [aū] E Y [eū] O Y [ū] H Y [ēū] Ω Y [ōū] In the diphthongs A I, E I, O I, Y I, A I, H I, Ω I, the I stands on the line. The lowercases did not exist. The ''iota subscript'' in words like ᾠδῇ did not exist. The iota was always ''adscript'', like Ω I Δ H I, but not ᾠδῇ. Thus, A I Δ H Σ [haī-dēs] "Hades" is pronounced [haī-dēs], but not [ha-des]. The ancients always wrote the iota on the line.
Views: 8308 Living Ancient Greece
How should Ancient Greek be pronounced?
 
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NB: I should have been more explicit in saying that Erasmian and restored pronunciation are not the same. I merely wanted to say that Erasmus laid the foundations for the scientific investigation of the pronunciation of Ancient Greek which led in part to the historical and philological reconstruction of the pronunciation. There are, however, many similarities between the Erasmian system and the reconstructed pronunciation. Want to learn languages faster and support my channel? Buy my book: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01MYHE8LQ History of Greek 1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jrabxu8dhWA Ancient Greek vs. Modern Greek: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Xy7WahsS7I How to read and speak Ancient Greek fluently: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AelM2zyv5Us How to read and speak Latin fluently: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=61Kk7VkoWbc How to learn Sanskrit: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GKoKKjOAZ2U "Virtutes Instrumenti" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
Views: 33049 deka glossai
How Do I Type Greek Letters in Microsoft Word
 
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See more: http://www.ehow.com/tech/
Views: 62145 eHowTech
Ancient and Modern Greek Alphabets with IPA
 
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This video presents the Ancient Greek alphabet and then the Modern Greek alphabet, along their International Phonetic Alphabet equivalents. Some facts about Ancient Greek not mentioned in the video are: σμ – [zm] σδ – [zd] σβ – [zb] γγ – [ŋg] γμ – [ŋm] γκ – [ŋk] γχ – [ŋkʰ] ου – [uː]
3-syllaby rule (ancient Greek language, part-1)
 
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A tutorial form www.podium-arts.com about the 3-syllaby rule of Greek. After the basic intro, starts the exercise, that will be completed in the next tutorial. This is meant for people that want to practice ancient Greek pronunciation, for education, pleasure or art. But the curious are also welcome!
Views: 6760 Podium-Arts
Eta
 
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Eta
Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. You can support us by purchasing something through our Amazon-Url, thanks :) Eta is the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet.Originally denoting a consonant /h/, its sound value in the classical Attic dialect of Ancient Greek was a long vowel , raised to in hellenistic Greek, a process known as iotacism.In the system of Greek numerals it has a value of 8.It was derived from the Phoenician letter heth . ---Image-Copyright-and-Permission--- About the author(s): Dcoetzee, F l a n k e r License: Public domain Author(s): Dcoetzee (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Dcoetzee) F l a n k e r (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:F_l_a_n_k_e_r) ---Image-Copyright-and-Permission--- This channel is dedicated to make Wikipedia, one of the biggest knowledge databases in the world available to people with limited vision. Article available under a Creative Commons license Image source in video
Views: 57 WikiWikiup
Accents & Diacritics for Gmail (Google Chrome Extension)
 
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A simple and very unique way of entering Accents & Diacritics into Google Gmail. Download: https://goo.gl/pnCSGd Support for following languages:: Catalan: à, ç, é, è, í, ï, ó, ò, ú, ü Czech: á, é, í, ó, ú, ý, č, ď, ě, ň, ř, š, ť, ž, ů French: à, â, æ, ä, ç, é, è, ê, ë, î, ï, ô, œ, ö, ù, û, ü, ÿ Galician: á, é, í, ó, ú German: ä, ö, ü, ß. Note: Use letter 'b' to type: ß Finish/Swedish: ä, å, ö Italian: à, è, é, ì, í, î, ò, ó, ù, ú Irish/Gaelic: á, ḃ, ċ, ḋ, é, ḟ, ġ, í, ṁ, ó, ṗ, ṡ, ṫ, ú Polish: ą, ć, ę, ł, ń, ó, ś, ź, ż Portuguese: à, á, â, ã, ç, é, ê, í, ó, ô, õ, ú Slovak: á, é, í, ĺ, ó, ŕ, ú, ý, č, ď, ľ, ň, š, ť, ž, ô, ä Spanish: á, é, í, ¡, ¿, ó, ú, ü, ñ. Note: Use letter 'i' to type: ¡, ¿ --- Comming Support for all possible accents, such as: acute( ´ ) double acute( ˝ ) grave( ` ) double grave( ̏ ) breve( ˘ ) inverted breve( ̑ ) caron, háček( ˇ ) cedilla( ¸ ) circumflex( ˆ ) diaeresis, umlaut( ¨ ) dot( · ) hook, hook above( ̡ ̢ ̉ ) horn( ̛ ) iota subscript( ͅ ) macron( ¯ ) ogonek, nosinė( ˛ ) perispomene( ͂ ) ring( ˚, ˳ ) rough breathing( ῾ ) smooth breathing( ᾿ ) etc.
Views: 3476 Joe Jaro
How to pronounce Iōta in Biblical Greek - (ἰῶτα / iota)
 
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Start learning Biblical Greek: http://bit.ly/LogosGreek How to Pronounce iōta in Biblical Greek - (ἰῶτα / iota) ἰῶτα (iōta) means iota in Biblical Greek. This video shows how to pronounce ἰῶτα in the Erasmian pronunciation system. Example Bible Verses: Matthew 5:18 For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not one tiny letter or one stroke of a letter will pass away from the law until all takes place. https://biblia.com/books/leb/bibleleb.Matthew.5.18
Iota Meaning
 
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Video shows what iota means. The ninth, and smallest, letter of the Greek alphabet.. A jot; a very small, inconsiderable quantity.. iota synonyms: Wikisaurus:modicum. iota pronunciation. How to pronounce, definition by Wiktionary dictionary. iota meaning. Powered by MaryTTS
Views: 1658 SDictionary
Polytonic Greek Keyboard on the Mac
 
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How to set up a Macintosh computer with a keyboard that will enter ancient Greek with all of its accents, breathing marks, and iota-subscript.
Views: 3682 Gary Pence
2.2 The Greek Alphabet IV
 
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Introduces vowel combinations, the iota subscript, and Greek punctuation.
Views: 509 Ian W. Scott
How to type the Greek alphabet on Microsoft word
 
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How to type the Greek alphabet on Microsoft word The Greek alphabet Alpha Α α Beta Β β Gamma Γ γ Delta Δ δ Epsilon Ε ε Zeta Ζ ζ Eta Η η Theta Θ θ Iota Ι ι Kappa Κ κ Lambda Λ λ Mu Μ μ Nu Ν ν Xi Ξ ξ Omicron Ο ο Pi Π π Rho Ρ ρ Sigma Σ σ Tau Τ τ Upsilon Υ υ Phi Φ φ Chi Χ χ Psi Ψ ψ Omega Ω ω *************************************** Khmer Knowledge Free Online video tutorials ជា Channel មួយដែលផ្តល់នូវវីដេអូចំណេះដឹងគ្មានដែនកំណត់ និងប្រសិទ្ធិភាពនៃវីដេអូកម្រិត HD ។ ដើម្បីទទួលបាននូវវីដេអូជារៀងរាល់ថ្ងៃគ្រាន់តែចុច Subscribe នោះអ្នកនឹងរៀន Free នូវចំណេះដឹងទាំងនេះ ៕ *************************************** ♥ All Videos : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLiRSzv8_B6sFVSDVAPUzzyUzmYAMndP5G ♥ Adobe Photoshop CS6:https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLiRSzv8_B6sGRRdnWr_Wxz_dM1-3MGNji ♥ AutoCAD Khmer tutorials : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLiRSzv8_B6sHnoCVcWzxwlWPw4Yp0AxXH ♥ AutoCAD 2018 tutorial : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLiRSzv8_B6sFUN1ih0KbQajKIlUBTjr1k ♥ AutoCAD Khmer Full for Engineer : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLiRSzv8_B6sF5KSIzwH9b_T5Nx5mXEooD ♥ Microsoft word advanced : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLiRSzv8_B6sEiRiOUtq8EAzZdiBkq7Mle ♥ OPERACY​​ : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLiRSzv8_B6sGRRdnWr_Wxz_dM1-3MGNji ♥ Sony Vegas​​ : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLiRSzv8_B6sHQSnzkrQyF3M-qjE8vKZZm If you want get more update from my channel, You can follow up with me by subscribe my YouTube Channel or like me on Facebook Page. Follow on: *************************************** ♥ Facebook Name: Entertainment And Knowledge ♥ Facebook page : https://www.facebook.com/7khmer/ ♥ YouTube Search : khmer knowledge ♥ YouTube :http://youtube.com/khmerknowledge999 ♥ PLEASE SUBSCRIBE : https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgwkjtRsTDMf_reD4neeB2Q?sub_confirmation=1 PLEASE SUBSCRIBE, COMMENT, SHARE if you like ! Thanks ! *************************************** word khmer 2010, ms word khmer, study word khmer, khmer microsoft word 2010, word english khmer, khmer bad word, word 2013 khmer, word excel khmer, word 2016 khmer, word khmer, world boy khmer, blue world khmer, world boys khmer, khmer world cup 2018, girl meets world khmer, game world khmer, world history khmer, world history rfi khmer, world history speak khmer, world khmer krom radio, kun khmer world, khmer new world karaoke, khmer krom world, khmer new world literacy, khmer new world literacy song, microsoft word khmer, world khmer org, world production khmer, world khmer radio, world khmer radio 2016, we the world khmer song, world song khmer, word 2013 speak khmer, sword khmer, meteor butterfly sword khmer, xuan yuan sword khmer dubbed, sword man speak khmer, sword of legends khmer dubbed, khmer dub sword heroes 1, sword heroes fate khmer, we the world khmer, khmer vdo world, word 2010 khmer
Views: 1474 Khmer Knowledge
Iota
 
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Iota is the ninth letter of the Greek alphabet. It was derived from the Phoenician letter Yodh. Letters that arose from this letter include the Roman I and J and the Cyrillic І, Yi, Je, and iotified letters). In the system of Greek numerals iota has a value of 10. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 33 Audiopedia
What does iota mean?
 
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What does iota mean? A spoken definition of iota. Intro Sound: Typewriter - Tamskp Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Outro Music: Groove Groove - Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Intro/Outro Photo: The best days are not planned - Marcus Hansson Licensed under CC-BY-2.0 Book Image: Open Book template PSD - DougitDesign Licensed under CC:BA 3.0 Text derived from: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/iota Text to Speech powered by TTS-API.COM
SpecialCharacters
 
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Go to http://www.tachufind.com to download this application . . . this is a quick video of how to create special characters for languages like Ancient Greek, Latin, French, etc. using tachufind. These include things like grave and acute accent marks, macrons, smooth or rough breathing symbols, cedillas, etc. Tachufind is 100% free! Tachufind is a text and text color editor that is multi-lingual.You can create multi-lingual documents with it, color text, and it has massive search-color-text-replace capability.
Views: 103 sirwizardoflight
Greek Letters Used | Basic Concepts Of Mathematics [Lecture - 1]
 
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इस वीडियो में दोस्तों मेने Basic concepts of mathematics की series के Greek Letters Used topic को discuss किया है ... उम्मीद करता हूँ ये video आपको पसंद आएगी | Subscribe Our Channel : https://www.youtube.com/AnilTutorials Like Us On Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/aniltutorialsofficial Follow Us on Twitter :https://www.twitter.com/anil_tutorials Follow Us On Instagram : https://www.instagram.com/aniltutorials -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Complete details about IIT JAM | Syllabus Overview | IIT JAM Tutorials | NBHM | TIFR | ISI | CMI" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0fSyfGx88Wc -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 177 Anil Tutorials
Tittle
 
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A tittle or superscript dot is a small distinguishing mark, such as a diacritic or the dot on a lowercase i or j. The tittle is an integral part of the glyph of i and j, but diacritic dots can appear over other letters in various languages. In most languages, the tittle of i or j is omitted when a diacritic is placed in the tittle's usual position, but not when the diacritic appears elsewhere. The word tittle is rarely used. Its most prominent occurrence is in the Christian Bible at Matthew 5:18: "For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled". The quotation uses them as an example of extremely minor details. The phrase "jot and tittle" indicates that every small detail has received attention. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 30 Audiopedia
01Matt06 - Greek New Testament read by Marilyn Phemister - Matthew Chapter 6
 
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01Matt06 - Greek New Testament read by Marilyn Phemister - Matthew Chapter 6
Views: 21 Sermon Library
It Is Never Too Late (Part 6)
 
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In this 7-part series on 2 Peter, Dr. Michael Youssef shares how it is never too late for us to grow in godliness and stand for Gospel Truth.
Views: 465 Leading The Way
History of the Greek alphabet | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of the Greek alphabet Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of the Greek alphabet starts with the adoption of Phoenician letter forms and continues to the present day. The Greek alphabet postdates Linear B, the syllabic script that was used for writing Mycenaean Greek, by several centuries. This article concentrates on the early period, before the codification of the now-standard Greek alphabet. The Phoenician alphabet was strictly speaking one that was consistently explicit only about consonants, though even by the 9th century BC it had developed matres lectionis to indicate some, mostly final, vowels. This arrangement is much less suitable for Greek than for Semitic languages, and these matres lectionis, as well as several Phoenician letters which represented consonants not present in Greek, were adapted according to the acrophonic principle to represent Greek vowels consistently, if not unambiguously. The Greek alphabet was developed by a Greek with first-hand experience of contemporary Phoenician script. Almost as quickly as it was established in the Greek mainland, it was rapidly re-exported, eastwards to Phrygia, where a similar script was devised. It was also exported westwards with Euboean or West Greek traders, where the Etruscans adapted the Greek alphabet to their own language, which eventually led to the Latin alphabet.
Views: 9 wikipedia tts
GREEK alphabet - WikiVidi Documentary
 
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The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late ninth or early eighth century BC. It is derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, and was the first alphabetic script to have distinct letters for vowels as well as consonants. In Archaic and early Classical times, the Greek alphabet existed in many different local variants, but, by the end of the fourth century BC, the Eucleidean alphabet, with twenty-four letters, ordered from alpha to omega, had become standard and it is this version that is still used to write Greek today. These twenty-four letters are: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , /ς, , , , , , and . The Greek alphabet is the ancestor of the Latin and Cyrillic scripts. Like Latin and Cyrillic, Greek originally had only a single form of each letter; it developed the letter case distinction between uppercase and lowercase forms in parallel with Latin during the modern era. Sound values and conventional transcriptions for some of the letters differ ... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:01:37 Sound values 00:03:18 Digraphs and letter combinations 00:04:11 Diacritics 00:06:50 Romanization 00:08:03 Origins 00:10:57 Archaic variants 00:13:28 Letter names ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_alphabet
Alpha
 
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Alpha (uppercase Α, lowercase α; Greek: Άλφα Álpha) is the first letter of the Greek alphabet. In the system of Greek numerals it has a value of 1. It was derived from the Phoenician letter aleph . Letters that arose from alpha include the Latin A and the Cyrillic letter А. In English, the noun "alpha" is used as a synonym for "beginning", or "first" (in a series), reflecting its Greek roots. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 9 Audiopedia
Middle English | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Middle English Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Middle English (ME) is a period when the English language, spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century, underwent distinct variations and developments following the Old English period. Scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500. This stage of the development of the English language roughly followed the High to the Late Middle Ages. Middle English developed from Late Old English, and saw significant changes to its grammar, pronunciation, and orthography. Writing conventions during the Middle English period varied widely. Examples of writing from this period that have survived show extensive regional variation. The more standardized Old English language became fragmented, localized, and was for the most part, being improvised. By the end of the period (about 1470) and aided by the invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg in 1439, a standard based on the London dialect (Chancery Standard) had become established. This largely formed the basis for Modern English spelling, although pronunciation has changed considerably since that time. Middle English was succeeded in England by the era of Early Modern English, which lasted until about 1650. Scots language developed concurrently from a variant of the Northumbrian dialect (prevalent in northern England and spoken in southeast Scotland). During the Middle English period, many Old English grammatical features either became simplified or disappeared altogether. Noun, adjective and verb inflections were simplified by the reduction (and eventual elimination) of most grammatical case distinctions. Middle English also saw considerable adoption of Norman French vocabulary, especially in the areas of politics, law, the arts and religion. Conventional English vocabulary retained its mostly Germanic etiology, with Old Norse influences becoming more apparent. Significant changes in pronunciation took place, particularly involving long vowels and diphthongs which in the later Middle English period, began to undergo the Great Vowel Shift. Little survives of early Middle English literature, due in part to Norman domination and the prestige that came with writing in French rather than English. During the 14th century, a new style of literature emerged with the works of writers including John Wycliffe and Geoffrey Chaucer, whose Canterbury Tales remains the one of most studied and read works of the period.
Views: 14 wikipedia tts
Greek alphabet | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Greek alphabet Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Greek alphabet has been used to write the Greek language since the late ninth or early eighth century BC. It is derived from the earlier Phoenician alphabet, and was the first alphabetic script to have distinct letters for vowels as well as consonants. In Archaic and early Classical times, the Greek alphabet existed in many different local variants, but, by the end of the fourth century BC, the Eucleidean alphabet, with twenty-four letters, ordered from alpha to omega, had become standard and it is this version that is still used to write Greek today. These twenty-four letters are: Α α, Β β, Γ γ, Δ δ, Ε ε, Ζ ζ, Η η, Θ θ, Ι ι, Κ κ, Λ λ, Μ μ, Ν ν, Ξ ξ, Ο ο, Π π, Ρ ρ, Σ σ/ς, Τ τ, Υ υ, Φ φ, Χ χ, Ψ ψ, and Ω ω. The Greek alphabet is the ancestor of the Latin and Cyrillic scripts. Like Latin and Cyrillic, Greek originally had only a single form of each letter; it developed the letter case distinction between uppercase and lowercase forms in parallel with Latin during the modern era. Sound values and conventional transcriptions for some of the letters differ between Ancient and Modern Greek usage, because the pronunciation of Greek has changed significantly between the fifth century BC and today. Modern and Ancient Greek also use different diacritics. Apart from its use in writing the Greek language, in both its ancient and its modern forms, the Greek alphabet today also serves as a source of technical symbols and labels in many domains of mathematics, science and other fields.
Views: 10 wikipedia tts
Diacritic | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Diacritic 00:02:48 1 Types 00:06:19 2 Diacritics specific to non-Latin alphabets 00:06:31 2.1 Arabic 00:08:41 2.2 Greek 00:09:06 2.3 Hebrew 00:09:56 2.4 Korean 00:10:27 2.5 Sanskrit and Indic 00:10:36 2.6 Syriac 00:12:12 3 Non-alphabetic scripts 00:14:16 4 Alphabetization or collation 00:16:13 5 Generation with computers 00:18:26 6 Languages with letters containing diacritics 00:32:10 7 Diacritics that do not produce new letters 00:32:21 7.1 English 00:35:06 7.2 Other languages 00:37:31 8 Transliteration 00:37:42 9 See also 00:47:40 10 References 00:49:12 11 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph. The term derives from the Ancient Greek διακριτικός (diakritikós, "distinguishing"), from διακρίνω (diakrī́nō, "to distinguish"). Diacritic is primarily an adjective, though sometimes used as a noun, whereas diacritical is only ever an adjective. Some diacritical marks, such as the acute ( ´ ) and grave ( ` ), are often called accents. Diacritical marks may appear above or below a letter, or in some other position such as within the letter or between two letters. The main use of diacritical marks in the Latin script is to change the sound-values of the letters to which they are added. Examples are the diaereses in the borrowed French words naïve and Noël, which show that the vowel with the diaeresis mark is pronounced separately from the preceding vowel; the acute and grave accents, which can indicate that a final vowel is to be pronounced, as in saké and poetic breathèd; and the cedilla under the "c" in the borrowed French word façade, which shows it is pronounced /s/ rather than /k/. In other Latin-script alphabets, they may distinguish between homonyms, such as the French là ("there") versus la ("the") that are both pronounced /la/. In Gaelic type, a dot over a consonant indicates lenition of the consonant in question. In other alphabetic systems, diacritical marks may perform other functions. Vowel pointing systems, namely the Arabic harakat ( ـِ ,ـُ ,ـَ, etc.) and the Hebrew niqqud ( ַ◌, ֶ◌, ִ◌, ֹ◌, ֻ◌, etc.) systems, indicate vowels that are not conveyed by the basic alphabet. The Indic virama ( ् etc.) and the Arabic sukūn ( ـْـ‎ ) mark the absence of vowels. Cantillation marks indicate prosody. Other uses include the Early Cyrillic titlo stroke ( ◌҃ ) and the Hebrew gershayim ( ״‎ ), which, respectively, mark abbreviations or acronyms, and Greek diacritical marks, which showed that letters of the alphabet were being used as numerals. In the Hanyu Pinyin official romanization system for Chinese, diacritics are used to mark the tones of the syllables in which the marked vowels occur. In orthography and collation, a letter modified by a diacritic may be treated either as a new, distinct letter or as a letter–diacritic combination. This varies from language to language, and may vary from case to case within a language. English is the only major modern European language requiring no diacritics for native words (although a diaeresis may be used in words such as "coöperation").In some cases, letters are used as "in-line diacritics", with the same function as ancillary glyphs, in that they modify the sound of the letter preceding them, as in the case of the "h" in the English pronunciation of "sh" and "th".
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Special relativity | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Special relativity Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= In physics, special relativity (SR, also known as the special theory of relativity or STR) is the generally accepted and experimentally well-confirmed physical theory regarding the relationship between space and time. In Albert Einstein's original pedagogical treatment, it is based on two postulates: The laws of physics are invariant (i.e., identical) in all inertial systems (i.e., non-accelerating frames of reference). The speed of light in a vacuum is the same for all observers, regardless of the motion of the light source.It was originally proposed by Albert Einstein in a paper published 26 September 1905 titled "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies". The inconsistency of Newtonian mechanics with Maxwell's equations of electromagnetism and the lack of experimental confirmation for a hypothesized luminiferous aether led to the development of special relativity, which corrects mechanics to handle situations involving motions at a significant fraction of the speed of light (known as relativistic velocities). As of today, special relativity is the most accurate model of motion at any speed when gravitational effects are negligible. Even so, the Newtonian mechanics model is still useful as an approximation at small velocities relative to the speed of light, due to its simplicity and high accuracy within its scope. Special relativity implies a wide range of consequences, which have been experimentally verified, including length contraction, time dilation, relativistic mass, mass–energy equivalence, a universal speed limit and relativity of simultaneity. It has replaced the conventional notion of an absolute universal time with the notion of a time that is dependent on reference frame and spatial position. Rather than an invariant time interval between two events, there is an invariant spacetime interval. Combined with other laws of physics, the two postulates of special relativity predict the equivalence of mass and energy, as expressed in the mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2, where c is the speed of light in a vacuum.A defining feature of special relativity is the replacement of the Galilean transformations of Newtonian mechanics with the Lorentz transformations. Time and space cannot be defined separately from each other. Rather, space and time are interwoven into a single continuum known as spacetime. Events that occur at the same time for one observer can occur at different times for another. Not until Einstein developed general relativity, introducing a curved spacetime to incorporate gravity, was the phrase "special relativity" employed. A translation that has often been used is "restricted relativity"; "special" really means "special case".The theory is "special" in that it only applies in the special case where the spacetime is flat, i.e., the curvature of spacetime, described by the energy-momentum tensor and causing gravity, is negligible. In order to include gravity, Einstein formulated general relativity in 1915. Special relativity, contrary to some outdated descriptions, is capable of handling accelerations as well as accelerated frames of reference.As Galilean relativity is now considered an approximation of special relativity that is valid for low speeds, special relativity is considered an approximation of general relativity that is valid for weak gravitational fields, i.e. at a sufficiently small scale (for tidal forces) and in conditions of free fall. Whereas general relativity incorporates noneuclidean geometry in order to represent gravitational effects as the geometric curvature of spacetime, special relativity is restricted to the flat spacetime known as Minkowski space. As long as the universe can be modeled as a pseudo-Riemannian manifold, a Lorentz-invariant frame that abides by special relativity can be defined for a sufficiently small neighborhood of each point in this curved spacetime. Galileo Galilei had already postul ...
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