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Your future tech may rely on deep-sea mining
 
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As the demand grows for the metals that power electronics, we may have to look farther and farther for mining opportunities. The next big mining frontier is the deep sea: along the seafloor, mysterious vents shoot scalding hot fluid into the ocean. These vents are a haven for miraculous and unique sea life, but they’re also home to highly concentrated (and very valuable) metals. What happens if we decide that the metals are worth more than the life? Thank you to Ocean Exploration Trust for allowing us to use clips from their deep sea footage. You can follow their next expedition season here: www.nautiluslive.org Subscribe: http://bit.ly/2FqJZMl Like Verge Science on Facebook: http://bit.ly/2hoSukO Follow on Twitter: http://bit.ly/2Kr29B9 Follow on Instagram: https://goo.gl/7ZeLvX Read More: http://www.theverge.com Community guidelines: http://bit.ly/2D0hlAv Subscribe to Verge on YouTube for explainers, product reviews, technology news, and more: http://goo.gl/G5RXGs
Views: 271405 Verge Science
Seabed Mining in the Deep Sea
 
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(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) 0:16 - Main Presentation - Lisa Levin 28:24 - Audience Discussion Given the growing demand for deep sea metals created by electronic and green technologies, scientists are faced with decisions about whether to engage in baseline and impacts research that enables development of a new extraction industry, and whether to contribute expertise to the development of environmental protections and guidelines. Lisa A. Levin, distinguished professor of biological oceanography at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, addresses the ethical and societal challenges of exploitation in a relatively unknown realm. Series: "Exploring Ethics" [6/2018] [Show ID: 32160]
Sea mining could destroy underwater Lost City
 
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Scientists believe life on earth may have begun in a place called ‘The Lost City’, deep beneath the mid Atlantic ocean. But now a United Nations agency has assigned this part of the seabed to Poland for mining exploration purposes. But scientists say that miners may inadvertently destroy precious species and geological structures in their quest for minerals. Sky’s Economics Editor Ed Conway reports. SUBSCRIBE to our YouTube channel for more videos: http://www.youtube.com/skynews Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/skynews and https://twitter.com/skynewsbreak Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/skynews For more content go to http://news.sky.com and download our apps: iPad https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/Sky-N... iPhone https://itunes.apple.com/gb/app/sky-n... Android https://play.google.com/store/apps/de...
Views: 38986 Sky News
Hydrothermal Vents: What does the future hold?
 
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Since being discovered in 1977, Hydrothermal Vents have been a source of huge interest, due to their rich diversity and huge populations of new and specialised species in a comparatively baron and homogenous abyss. The mineral rich chimneys spew out a sulphurous fluid which forms an energy source for microbes, forming the base of these fascinating and unique ecosystems. Their isolation and mysterious interconnectivity reveals a fragile web of life that still has so much more left to be fully appreciated. The vents have also caught the attention of deep-sea mining contractors. 30 years on from their initial discovery, the global population has doubled and commodity prices have increased. Now, with new technological advances, deep-sea mining has become an imminent reality. Specialist researcher, Dr Jon Copley, talks through his experiences with Hydrothermal Vents and how irresponsible and short-sighted mining practices may have potentially catastrophic consequences on an ecosystem we still do not fully understand.
Views: 8154 Joe Feredayfilms
What is Deep Sea Mining? A web series. Episode 1: Tools for Ocean Literacy
 
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Inhabitants is an online video for exploratory video and documentary reporting. Follow us: Website: http://inhabitants-tv.org/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/inhabitantstv/ YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCt0fB6C18nwzRwdudiC8sGg What is Deep Sea Mining? is a five episode webseries dedicated to the topic of deep sea mining, a new frontier of resource extraction at the bottom of the ocean, set to begin in the next few years. Deep sea mining will occur mainly in areas rich in polymetallic nodules, in seamounts, and in hydrothermal vents. Mining companies are already leasing areas in national and international waters in order to extract minerals and metals such as manganese, cobalt, gold, copper, iron, and other rare earth elements from the seabed. Main sites targeted for future exploration are the mid-atlantic ridge and the Clarion Clipperton Zone (Pacific ocean) in international waters, as well as the islands of Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Tonga, New Zealand, Japan, and the Portuguese Azores archipelago. Yet, potential impacts on deep sea ecosystems are yet to be assessed by the scientific community, and local communities are not being consulted. The prospects of this new, experimental form of mining are re-actualizing a colonial, frontier mentality and redefining extractivist economies for the twenty-first century. This webseries addresses different issues related to this process, from resource politics to ocean governance by international bodies, prompting today’s shift towards a "blue economy" but also efforts to defend sustained ocean literacy when the deep ocean, its species, and resources remain largely unmapped and unstudied. Episode 1: Tools for Ocean Literacy is a cartographical survey of technologies that have contributed to ocean literacy and seabed mapping. Structured around a single shot along a vertical axis, the episode inquires about deep sea mining and the types of geologic formations where it is set to occur, particularly hydrothermal vents. Understanding the process of deep sea mining demands not only a temporal investigation – its main dates, legal, and corporate landmarks, and scientific breakthroughs – but also a spatial axis connecting the seafloor to outer space cartographic technologies. After all, we know less about the ocean depths than about the universe beyond this blue planet. What is Deep Sea Mining? is developed in collaboration with Margarida Mendes, curator and activist from Lisbon, Portugal, and founding member of Oceano Livre environmental movement against deep sea mining. It was commissioned and funded by TBA21 - Academy and premiered at the 2018 New Museum Triennial: Songs for Sabotage. For more information and links to NGOs, advocacy, and activist groups involved in deep sea mining visit: http://www.deepseaminingoutofourdepth.org/the-last-frontier/ http://www.savethehighseas.org/deep-sea-mining/ http://deepseaminingwatch.msi.ucsb.edu/#!/intro?view=-15|-160|2||1020|335 http://oceanolivre.org/ https://www.facebook.com/Alliance-of-Solwara-Warriors-234267050262483/ Acknowledgements: Ann Dom, Armin Linke, Birgit Schneider, Duncan Currie, Katherine Sammler, Lisa Rave, Lucielle Paru, Matt Gianni, Natalie Lowrey, Payal Sampat, Phil Weaver, Stefan Helmreich, and everyone who helped this webseries. Special thanks to: Markus Reymann, Stefanie Hessler, and Filipa Ramos. Premiered at the 2018 New Museum Triennial: Songs for Sabotage. Commissioned and funded by TBA21 - Academy. www.tba21academy.org http://www.tba21.org/#tag--Academy--282
Views: 3194 Inhabitants
Hydrothermal Vents
 
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Bill Nye discusses the discovery of hydrothermal vents on the ocean's floor
Views: 275866 pheldd
Case study from Portugal: Emerging deep sea mining interests vs. hydrothermal vent conservation
 
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The video is part of the Workshop "Limits to Blue Growth in the Deep Sea" at the European Maritime Day, held in Bremen, Germany on 19 May 2014 organised by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Institute for the Law of the Sea and International Marine Environmental Law (ISRIM).
Views: 255 ISRIM
How a Canadian company will mine the sea bed near Papua New Guinea
 
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Canadian mining company Nautilus Minerals has reached an agreement with the government of Papua New Guinea to begin mining an area of seabed believed to be rich in gold and copper ores, according to the BBC. Under the terms of the agreement, Papua New Guinea will contribute $120 million to the operation and receive a 15 percent share in the mine. Environmentalists say the mine will devastate the area and cause long-lasting damage to the environment. The BBC reports that "the mine will target an area of hydrothermal vents where superheated, highly acidic water emerges from the seabed, where it encounters far colder and more alkaline seawater, forcing it to deposit high concentrations of minerals." The report continues: The result is that the seabed is formed of ores that are far richer in gold and copper than ores found on land. Mike Johnston, chief executive of Nautilus Minerals told the BBC "that a temperature probe left in place for 18 months was found to have 'high grade copper all over it'." Nautilus announced in April that it had completed its bulk cutter, the first component of its Seafloor Production Tools system, which will be used to mine the seabed. Nautilus also approximately 500,000 square kilometres of "highly prospective exploration acreage" in Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Fiji, Vanuatu and Tonga, as well as in international waters in the eastern Pacific, the company said in a press release. ----------------------------------------­­---------------------------------------­-­---------------- Next Animation Studio’s News Direct service provides daily, high-quality, informative 3D news animations that fill in for missing footage and help viewers understand breaking news stories or in-depth features on science, technology, and health. Sign up for a free trial of News Direct's news animations at http://newsdirect.nextanimationstudio.com/trial/ To subscribe to News Direct or for more info, please visit: http://newsdirect.nextanimationstudio.com
Views: 35335 News Direct
Breaking the Surface: The Future of Deep Sea Mining in the Pacific
 
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This short film explores how the two Pacific Island nations of Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu are working together with their communities to manage future opportunities and impacts associated with the deep sea mining industry.
Views: 2036 Pacific Community
Changes in Benthos Community on Artificial Hydrothermal Vent Field Produced by Seafloor Drilling
 
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Regular monitoring was carried out from two weeks before the scientific drilling up until 40 months after the operation, aiming to observe changes in the benthos community of deep-sea hydrothermal vent fields (depth 1,060m). Prior to drilling, the seabed was covered by soft silty sediment, where Calyptogena clam colonies dominated. After the drilling operation, the clam colonies were completely buried under the drilling deposits. Then, at 11 months after the drilling, drilling-induced hydrothermal fluid discharges and numerous tiny chimneys were observed on the seafloor. [14]In addition, benthos communities dominated by Shinkaia crosnieri galatheid crabs were also found on the artificial hydrothermal vent fields. They have most likely migrated from the nearby vent habitats. The previously soft sediment had hardened probably due to chemical reaction of fluid composition, becoming rough and undulated with many fissures after 25 months of the drilling operation. This video shows how a new ecosystem was formed around new hydrothermal vent areas. Changes in Benthos Community on Artificial Hydrothermal Vent Field Produced by Seafloor Drilling - Emergence of New Habitats with Migration and Reproduction of Deep-sea Benthos - http://www.jamstec.go.jp/e/about/press_release/20150423/
Views: 1421 jamstecchannel
Global Sustainable Electricity, Potable Water, and Mining from Hydrothermal Vents
 
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Our technology could provide sustainable base load electricity sufficient for all planet wide human needs with no fuel to purchase once each project is built. Hydrothermal vents can be found on the floor of oceans all around the world wherever geologic structures called divergent tectonic plate boundaries are located. These seafloor vents provide access to the natural heat generated in the Earth's core. Harvesting a small portion of the energy emitted by these superheated fluids could generate all the electric power used by human activity across the planet. Hydrothermal energy can be harvested utilizing the Marshall Hydrothermal Recovery System technology to generate renewable electricity in huge quantities. This sustainable, base load electricity could then be routed to the chosen market to be served via sub-sea cable, or plugged into a new state-of-the-art global sustainable electricity network such as that currently proposed by many groups, including China. From NBCNews.com... China Unveils Proposal for $50 Trillion Global Electricity Network http://www.nbcnews.com/business/energ... With or without a the development of a new global grid infrastructure being built, the market demands and available hydrothermal resources offer amazing opportunities for the Marshall system around the world. http://www.marshallhydrothermal.com
Views: 1626 marshallsystem
Hydrothermal Vents: Whats does the future hold? (Eden Shorts entry)
 
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Since being discovered in 1977, Hydrothermal Vents have been a source of huge interest, due to their rich diversity and huge populations of new and specialised species in a comparatively baron and homogenous abyss. The mineral rich chimneys spew out a sulphurous fluid which forms an energy source for microbes, forming the base of these fascinating and unique ecosystems. Their isolation and mysterious interconnectivity reveals a fragile web of life that still has so much more left to be fully appreciated. The vents have also caught the attention of deep-sea mining contractors. 30 years on from their initial discovery, the global population has doubled and commodity prices have increased. Now, with new technological advances, deep-sea mining has become an imminent reality. Specialist researcher, Dr Jon Copley, talks through his experiences with Hydrothermal Vents and how irresponsible and short-sighted mining practices may have potentially catastrophic consequences on an ecosystem we still do not fully understand.
Views: 220 Joe Feredayfilms
Ocean Minerals & Deep Sea Mining
 
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Deep Sea Mining opens up a number of opportunities for countries to get their hands on rare and useful ocean minerals. But is Deep Sea Mining safe, or will it cause more harm to the ocean floors? Watch to find out.. 1:38-1:46 Source :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R1koFEKfmLw Music Credits : - Under Water - Silent Partner https://youtu.be/H3m94UQ6rcg - You by myuu https://soundcloud.com/myuu Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported— CC BY 3.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/b... Music provided by Music for Creators https://youtu.be/DR9s88XLBf0
Views: 4078 GnY TV
TechKnow - Deep sea gold rush
 
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Oceans cover 70 percent of the earth's surface, but only a fraction of the undersea world has been explored. On this episode of TechKnow, Phil Torres joins a team of scientists on a special expedition to explore and uncover the mysteries at the bottom of the ocean floor. "What we are doing is similar to astronauts and planetary scientists just trying to study life on another planet," says Beth Orcutt, a senior research scientist. The journey begins in Costa Rica aboard the R/V Atlantis, a research vessel operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. From there, Phil gets the chance to take a dive with Alvin, a deep-water submersible capable of taking explorers down to 6,000 metres (20,000 feet) under the sea. Commissioned in 1964, Alvin has a celebrated history, locating an unexploded hydrogen bomb off the coast of Spain and exploring the famous RMS Titanic in the 1980s. Alvin and its first female pilot, Cindy Van Dover, were the first to discover hydrothermal vents, which are underwater springs where plumes of black smoke and water pour out from underneath the earth's crust. The vents were inhabited by previously unknown organisms that thrived in the absence of sunlight. After 40 years of exploration, Alvin got a high-tech upgrade. The storied submersible is now outfitted with high-resolution cameras to provide a 245-degree viewing field and a robotic arm that scientists can use to pull samples of rock and ocean life to then study back on land. But scientists are not the only ones interested in the ocean. These days the new gold rush is not in the hills, it is in the deep sea. For thousands of years miners have been exploiting the earth in search of precious metals. As resources on dry land are depleted, now the search for new sources of metals and minerals is heading underwater. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's national ocean service estimates that there is more than $150tn in gold waiting to be mined from the floor of the world's oceans. "The industry is moving very, very fast. They have far more financial resources than the scientific community," says Cindy Van Dover, Alvin's first female pilot and Duke University Oceanography Professor. Seabed mining is still in the planning stages, but Nautilus Minerals, a Canadian mining company, says it has the technology and the contracts in place with the island nation of Papua New Guinea to start mining in its waters in about two years. What is the future of seabed mining? And what are the consequences of seabed mining for the marine ecosystems? Can science and industry co-exist and work together on viable and sustainable solutions? - Subscribe to our channel: http://bit.ly/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check out our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 81655 Al Jazeera English
Sustainable Seabed Mining: A New Concept For Atlantis II Deep
 
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Research on seabed exploitation and seabed mining is a complex transdisciplinary field that demands for further attention and development. Since the field links engineering, economics, environmental, legal and supply chain research, it demands for research from a systems point of view. This implies the application of a holistic sustainability framework of to analyse the feasibility of engineering systems. The research at hand aims to close this gap by developing such a framework and providing a review of seabed resources. Based on this review it identifies a significant potential for massive sulphides in inactive hydrothermal vents and sediments to solve global resource scarcities. The research aims to provide background on seabed exploitation and to apply a holistic systems engineering approach to develop general guidelines for sustainable seabed mining of polymetallic sulphides and a new concept and solutions for the Atlantis II Deep deposit in the Red Sea. The research methodology adpted will start with acquiring a broader academic and industrial view on sustainable seabed mining through online survey and expert interviews on seabed mining. The experts are chosen according to their knowledge in one or more of the dimensions of seabed mining introduced in the research framework. The Nautilus Minerals case is also reviewd for lessons learned for seabed mining and the presented concept in particular with identification of challaenges and issues. Therafter, a new concept and site specific assessment for Atlantis II Deep is developed. The research undertaken in this study provides a new perspective regarding the sustainable seabed mining. The main contributions of this research are the development of extensive guidelines for key issues in sustainable seabed mining as well as a new concept for seabed mining involving engineering systems, environmental impact, economical benefits, logistics chain supply and legal aspects.
Views: 4673 Dr Hany Elosta
Explorig the deep discovering new seafloor hydrothermal vent fields
 
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Presented by Dr.s Barbara John and Mike Cheadle, University of Wyoming Just over 40 years ago, scientists made a surprising discovery on the bottom of the Pacific Ocean that forever changed our understanding of planet Earth, and of the potential for life on ours and other planets. They found hydrothermal vents emitting hot, mineral-rich fluids from beneath the seafloor inhabited by previously unknown organisms that thrived in the absence of sunlight. In this talk, we will report on the recent discovery of three types of hydrothermal vent systems along mid-ocean ridges in the Atlantic, Pacific, and mid-Cayman Rise. These vents act as natural plumbing systems that transport heat and chemicals from the interior of the Earth, helping regulate global ocean chemistry. In the process, they accumulate potentially valuable minerals over significant regions on the seafloor. They also support complex ecosystems hosting exotic organisms that have developed unique biochemical adaptations to high temperatures and environmental conditions humans would consider toxic. Learning about these organisms can teach us about the evolution of life on Earth and the possibility of life elsewhere in the solar system and universe.
Hydrothermal vent
 
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The thing that happens in the deep-sea hydrothermal vent.
Views: 891 David Hsiao
Ocean Volcanoes May Hold Clues To Alien Life
 
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Scientists think studying 'extremophiles' in toxic hydrothermal vents could teach us about potential extraterrestrial life. Why Does Deep Sea Life Look So Strange? - https://youtu.be/A23wI4lvCgY Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here - http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Get 15% off http://www.domain.com domain names and web hosting when you use coupon code SEEKER at checkout! Read More: What is a hydrothermal vent? http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/vents.html "Scientists first discovered hydrothermal vents in 1977 while exploring an oceanic spreading ridge near the Galapagos Islands. To their amazement, the scientists also found that the hydrothermal vents were surrounded by large numbers of organisms that had never been seen before." Deepest Hydrothermal Vents Teem With Strange Shrimp http://www.livescience.com/17823-deepest-hydrothermal-vents.html "Researchers exploring the seafloor south of the Cayman Islands have discovered the world's deepest-known hydrothermal vents, an underwater hotspot teeming with bizarre shrimp with light receptors on their backs." Just How Little Do We Know about the Ocean Floor? https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/just-how-little-do-we-know-about-the-ocean-floor/ "The entire ocean floor has now been mapped to a maximum resolution of around 5km, which means we can see most features larger than 5km across in those maps. That's the resolution of a new global map of the seafloor published recently by David Sandwell of Scripps Institute of Oceanography in San Diego and colleagues, who used some nifty tricks with satellites to estimate the landscape of the sea floor and even reveal some features of the Earth's crust lurking beneath sea-floor sediments." ____________________ Seeker inspires us to see the world through the lens of science and evokes a sense of curiosity, optimism and adventure. Watch More Seeker on our website http://www.seeker.com/shows/ Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel Seeker on Twitter http://twitter.com/seeker Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez Seeker on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/SeekerMedia/ Seeker on Google+ https://plus.google.com/u/0/+dnews Seeker http://www.seeker.com/ Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here: http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Written By: Lauren Ellis
Views: 97572 Seeker
Endeavour Hydrothermal Vents
 
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In the darkness of special places like the Endeavour Hydrothermal Vents, ocean research is bringing to light deep secrets about life on earth and potentially elsewhere in our universe. “Black Smokers” and hydrothermal vents create an ecologically-rich oasis in the deep sea where chemosynthetic creatures thrive and chemicals provide life-sustaining energy. At a depth of over 2 km, the management of Canada’s first Oceans Act Marine Protected Area (MPA) at Endeavour Hydrothermal Vents is challenging. An organism from this site holds the current record for the upper temperature limit to life: 121 degrees Celsius! Scientists strive to uncover secrets of the formation of Earth’s tectonic plates, chemosynthetic food webs and a potential glimpse of the origins of life on our planet, and perhaps its origins on others. In 2013, Fisheries and Oceans Canada who is responsible for managing Canada’s MPA’s, began collaborating with Ocean Networks Canada who has been operating a world-leading cabled observatory at Endeavour since 2009. ________________ We hope that you enjoyed the video! Check out the Ocean Networks Canada website to discover the ocean to understand the planet! http://www.oceannetworks.ca Want to see what we're up to? Follow us on TWITTER: https://twitter.com/ocean_networks And FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/OceanNetworksCanada INSTAGRAM: https://www.instagram.com/ocean_networks FLICKR: https://www.flickr.com/photos/oceannetworkscanada/albums
Views: 13477 oceannetworks canada
Lost City Edit_You_Tube_HQ.mp4
 
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Short documentary I put together with Dr. Robert Ballard on the hydrothermal vent system in the mid-atlantic ridge called Lost City. I worked on graphics, video edit and narration in putting this piece together. The end credits and montage is too long to add to youtube.
Views: 8010 Jared Ford
ABC Catalyst S12E16 Deep Sea Mining
 
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A documentary segment about hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor. No copyright infringement intended. Video remains property of ABC.
Views: 14164 ironfalcon100
The Clouds Will Clear - Deep Sea Mining
 
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Track: Deep Sea Mining Band: The Clouds Will Clear Visuals: Sabine Füreder & Gerold Brunner (http://www.sabine-fuereder.at, http://www.geroldbrunner.com) Written, performed and recorded by The Clouds Will Clear. Drums recorded by Reinhard 'Bux' Brunner at ATS-Records, Austria (www.ats-records.com) Mixed and mastered by Kai Stahlenberg at Kohlekeller Studio B, Germany (www.kohlekeller.de) Cover Photos and Layout by Oli Hummel (www.hummelgrafik.de) ________________________________________________________ The Clouds Will Clear is: Angelo - Guitars, Synths, Samples Tobias - Guitars, Synths Andreas - Bass Gerold - Drums, Visuals https://thecloudswillclear.bandcamp.com/ https://facebook.com/thecloudswillclearmusic/ @thecloudswillclear Contact and Booking: [email protected] © 2018 The Clouds Will Clear, all rights reserved __________________________________________________________________________________ additional footage by: Mitch Martinez Simon Waldock, https://videvo.net, (CC BY) yasudatakahiro, www.vimeo.com (CC BY) Florian Lalanne, www.vimeo.com (CC BY) Pixeldealer, www.vimeo.com (CC BY) Kiril Dobrev, https://videvo.net Videvo, www.videvo.net
World's First Deep-Sea Mining Project A Go
 
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Canadian company Nautilus Minerals has received the green light to start mining for gold and copper a mile down. The company will be working off the coast of Papua New Guinea. The job has environmental activists more than concerned. Mashable content. http://www.mashable.com LIKE us on FACEBOOK: http://facebook.com/mashable.video FOLLOW us on TWITTER: http://twitter.com/mashablevideo FOLLOW us on TUMBLR: http://mashable.tumblr.com FOLLOW our INSTAGRAM: http://instagram.com/mashable JOIN our circle on GOOGLE PLUS: http://plus.google.com/+Mashable Subscribe!: http://bit.ly/1ko5eNd Mashable is the leading independent news site for all things tech, social media, and internet culture. http://www.youtube.com/mashable
Views: 1787 Mashable
The deep ocean is the final frontier on planet Earth | The Economist
 
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Watch the latest in the Ocean series - Secrets of the deep: https://youtu.be/Zwgtn41TpfU The ocean covers 70% of our planet. The deep-sea floor is a realm that is largely unexplored, but cutting-edge technology is enabling a new generation of aquanauts to go deeper than ever before. Click here to subscribe to The Economist on YouTube: http://econ.trib.al/rWl91R7 Beneath the waves is a mysterious world that takes up to 95% of Earth's living space. Only three people have ever reached the bottom of the deepest part of the ocean. The deep is a world without sunlight, of freezing temperatures, and immense pressure. It's remained largely unexplored until now. Cutting-edge technology is enabling a new generation of aquanauts to explore deeper than ever before. They are opening up a whole new world of potential benefits to humanity. The risks are great, but the rewards could be greater. From a vast wealth of resources to clues about the origins of life, the race is on to the final frontier The Okeanos Explorer, the American government state-of-the-art vessel, designed for every type of deep ocean exploration from discovering new species to investigating shipwrecks. On board, engineers and scientists come together to answer questions about the origins of life and human history. Today the Okeanos is on a mission to investigate the wreck of a World War one submarine. Engineer Bobby Moore is part of a team who has developed the technology for this type of mission. The “deep discover”, a remote operating vehicle is equipped with 20 powerful LED lights and designed to withstand the huge pressure four miles down. Equivalent to 50 jumbo jets stacked on top of a person While the crew of the Okeanos send robots to investigate the deep, some of their fellow scientists prefer a more hands-on approach. Doctor Greg stone is a world leading marine biologist with over 8,000 hours under the sea. He has been exploring the abyss in person for 30 years. The technology opening up the deep is also opening up opportunity. Not just to witness the diversity of life but to glimpse vast amounts of rare mineral resources. Some of the world's most valuable metals can be found deep under the waves. A discovery that has begun to pique the interest of the global mining industry. The boldest of mining companies are heading to the deep drawn by the allure of a new Gold Rush. But to exploit it they're also beating a path to another strange new world. In an industrial estate in the north of England, SMD is one of the world's leading manufacturers of remote underwater equipment. The industrial technology the company has developed has made mining possible several kilometers beneath the ocean surface. With an estimated 150 trillion dollars’ worth of gold alone, deep-sea mining has the potential to transform the global economy. With so much still to discover, mining in the deep ocean could have unknowable impact. It's not just life today that may need protecting; reaching the deep ocean might just allow researchers to answer some truly fundamental questions. Hydrothermal vents, hot springs on the ocean floor, are cracks in the Earth's crust. Some claim they could help scientists glimpse the origins of life itself. We might still be years away from unlocking the mysteries of the deep. Even with the latest technology, this kind of exploration is always challenging. As the crew of the Okeanos comes to terms with a scale of the challenge and the opportunity that lies beneath, what they and others discover could transform humanity's understanding of how to protect the ocean. It's the most hostile environment on earth, but the keys to our future may lie in the deep. Check out Economist Films: http://films.economist.com/ Check out The Economist’s full video catalogue: http://econ.st/20IehQk Like The Economist on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TheEconomist/ Follow The Economist on Twitter: https://twitter.com/theeconomist Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/theeconomist/ Follow us on LINE: http://econ.st/1WXkOo6 Follow us on Medium: https://medium.com/@the_economist
Views: 3479115 The Economist
The Future of Ocean Exploration
 
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Biofluorescent sharks, deep sea mining, seafloor vents, underwater drones, and the disturbing effects of ocean acidification: exploring the future of oceanographic discovery. Subscribe to TDC: https://www.youtube.com/TheDailyConversation/ Video by Bryce Plank and Robin West Music: Timelapse (TDC Remix): MotionArray.com Drums of the Deep by Kevin MacLeod: Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1400021 Consequence: https://soundcloud.com/mattstewartevans https://www.facebook.com/Matthew.Stewart.Evans Hydra (TDC Remix): YT Audio Library The Stranger (Glimpse): https://soundcloud.com/glimpse_official Dark Night by Matt Stewart Evans: https://soundcloud.com/mattstewartevans https://www.facebook.com/Matthew.Stewart.Evans Featured videos: Mining: https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/video/2017/jun/28/robots-ocean-floor-deep-sea-mining-video Sonar mapping: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CRQuID0IwbY Microbes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uktdKw_bJ_8 Biofluorescence: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/explorers/bios/david-gruber/ Susan Avery TED talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMQIgKyX3oU Triona McGrath TED talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJPpJhQxaLw Robert Ballard's EV Nautilus: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jOIOXvU0_qk James Cameron's Deepsea Challenger: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kSfESqX-E84 Wired's profile on HOV's vs ROV's: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eUzz_ilsFa0 Onboard the Okeanos Explorer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p0G68ORc8uQ With 95% of the ocean floor unexplored, the deep sea is Earth’s last frontier. Its pioneers are scientists leveraging the latest technology to cast light on the massive and incomprehensibly dark environment that extends more than 35,000 feet down. Until recently, this world was known only to our planet’s most unearthly species. This is the story of our largest biome—and the people devoting themselves to understanding it and saving it for future generations. 40 years ago we discovered hydrothermal vents, which act as Earth's plumbing system, transporting chemicals and extreme heat from the molten core of our planet, helping to regulate the chemical makeup of the oceans. But this seemingly toxic environment is still home to life. Organisms that don’t need photosynthesis to survive can live down here. And with most of the seafloor left to explore, many species remain undiscovered. Studying these unlikely ecosystems can teach us about the earliest stages of life’s evolution here on Earth, and about the possibility of life on other planets. That’s why NASA is working with oceanographers to help plan the mission to explore Jupiter's ice-covered moon, Europa. And because these vents form in active volcanic zones, they also help us better understand how landforms and moves over time. Plus, the sludge that’s constantly spewing from the vents contains some of the most valuable metals known to man. [Guardian video journalist] “In the deep ocean, where the water is as dark as ink, lie riches that no treasure hunters have managed to retrieve. They are deposits of precious minerals, from cobalt to gold, that have tantalized miners and nations for decades...” In 2019, a Canadian company will make the first-ever attempt at extracting these minerals. Using the latest technologies and massive, custom designed vehicles, it aims to bring up $1.5 billion worth of metals from a single site 25km off the coast of Papua New Guinea. Nautilus says it will minimize environmental damage by using infrared cameras and sonar to pinpoint the exact location of ore deposits, allowing it to shred less of the ocean floor. But environmentalists aren’t buying it. Preserving a sensitive ecosystem 8,000 feet underwater from the impact of mining is just not that simple. Unfortunately, we may not have much choice. There’s growing demand for these metals, but dwindling supplies of them on land. Cobalt — for instance — is used in jet engines, lithium-ion batteries, and the computer or smartphone you’re watching this video on—and the machines we made it on. But this age-old clash between miners and environment is really just one chapter in a much larger story of technology development—innovations aimed at maintaining the delicate balance of the increasingly threatened ocean ecosystem. One such tool is the EK80 broadband acoustic echo sounder. It uses a range of frequencies to paint a much more comprehensive picture of the amount and types of species living in a selected area of water.
Views: 39300 The Daily Conversation
Deep-sea snowblower vents
 
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In the ocean, there are places where it looks like it is snowing. These magical places are near undersea volcanic activity. The snow particles are clumps of bacteria that use chemicals to make food. Chemicals they use include hydrogen sulfide, which is toxic to virtually all other life. Most other ecosystems on earth depend on organisms that require sunlight to create food. Vents release hot water, minerals, and chemicals from beneath hardened lava. The fluid is almost 30 degrees F warmer than the surrounding water. The bacteria live beneath the seafloor and are also released from the vent. These tiny one-celled microbes provide food for many animals. A thick mat of white bacteria builds up; little worms and crustaceans feed on it. Nearby, "black smoker" vents may form when vents spew minerals in water up to 750 degrees F. In time, an amazingly robust community with thousands of animals flourishes here. This video was recorded 480 km (300 miles) west of the Oregon coast at 1,516 m (4,974 ft) depth with remotely operated vehicle Doc Ricketts. Video producer: Linda Kuhnz Script: Linda Kuhnz, David Clague, Jenny Paduan Music: Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairies
Black Smokers: Ore Factories of the Deep
 
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BLACK SMOKERS: ORE FACTORIES OF THE DEEP At the bottom of the sea, in a depth of several thousand metres, black smokers bring up valuable raw materials from inside the earth. Their metre-high vents seem to give off smoke like under water industrial chimneys. CAMERA Maike Nicolai, GEOMAR Hannes Huusmann, GEOMAR ROV-Team, GEOMAR NARRATION Martin Heckmann GEOMAR | Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
Views: 38282 GEOMAR Kiel
Royal NIOZ & STW - Ecology research on Deep Sea Mining - Azores
 
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Can valuable mineral resources on the ocean floor be responsibly mined? To answer this question, we need to know much more about the deep-sea environments where these minerals occur in high concentrations. In April 2015, an international team of marine scientists sailed with the Dutch research vessel 'Pelagia' of Royal NIOZ to a site southwest of the Azores. Their mission: to collect data and perform experiments around a deep-sea hydrothermal vent field located on the Mid Atlantic Ridge. Sulfide minerals precipitating from the hydrothermal exhausts locally form massive sulfide deposits at the seafloor. In places where hydrothermal activity has ceased, these mineral deposits may become economically viable mining sites. Scientific understanding of the key geological, oceanographic and biological processes at those sites is of pivotal importance for policy makers to weigh the potential gain of valuable minerals against the potential environmental risks of deep sea mining.
Views: 529 ScienceMediaNL
Cost and Benefits of Hydrothermal Vent Mining
 
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Hydrothermal vents were discovered less than 40 years ago. After some research, companies believe vent mining could be a great opportunity to mine important natural elements more effectively and efficiently. We discuss a cost-benefit analysis to help form our opinions about vent mining and how these opinions may change over time.
Hydrothermal Vent Animals
 
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This video montage highlights some of the organisms commonly found at hydrothermal vents. Organisms shown include: 1. Small white octopus (Vulcanoctopus hydrothermalis) on top of a deep-sea octopus, 2. deep-sea shrimp, 3. "Spaghetti" hemichordate worm (c.f. Saxipendium coronatum), 4. Shrimp (Rimicaris exoculata), 5. Tubeworms (Tevnia jerichonana), fish (Thermarces cerberus), and crab (Bythograea thermydron). For more information about hydrothermal vents and their ecosystems, visit: http://www.divediscover.whoi.edu http://www.venturedeepocean.org http://media.marine-geo.org http://www.ridge2000.org Video courtesy of Dr. Daniel Fornari (WHOI). Copyright WHOI. Download this video at: http://media.marine-geo.org/video/common-biota-found-hydrothermal-vents-2003
Views: 5799 Ridge2000Data
Pescadero Basin: Deepest hydrothermal vents in the Gulf of California
 
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During a recent expedition to the Gulf of California scientists from MBARI discovered a new field of hydrothermal vents, the deepest yet discovered in the Gulf of California. These new hydrothermal vent fields were found over thirty-eight hundred meters below the surface in the Pescadero Basin, located off the east coast of Mexico’s Baja California, about one hundred miles east of La Paz. These hydrothermal vents result from a unique combination of geology and chemistry. Using a remotely operated vehicle, researchers found towering white columns emitting geysers of clear shimmering liquid with temperatures up to 290 degrees Celsius. The superheated water flowing from these vents starts deep underground. As the hot water rises, it flows through and reacts with the surrounding bedrock, becoming saturated with carbonate minerals, which build up over time to form the large chimneys that were observed. For more information go to MBARI news release: http://www.mbari.org/news/news_releases/2015/pescadero/pescadero-release.html
Cayman Hydrothermal vent field
 
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Images captured from the world deepest hydrothermal vents (in the Caribbean) showing the formation of mineral rich chimneys an the extrusion of mineral rich fluids. At sites like this mineral deposits are formed, including Gold and Zink.
Views: 211 NOC news
"Shocking" News from Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents
 
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Science for the Public, July 12, 2012. Peter Girguis, PhD, John J. Loeb Associate Professor of Natural Sciences, Harvard University. Professor Girguis discusses the unexpected and unique biodiversity at the hydrothermal vents. He focuses especially on the microbes in this environment that are able to metabolize using a process called extracellular electron transfer (EET). This remarkable system is not only instructive about extreme adaptations; it has potential practical applications.
Views: 646 Yvonne Stapp
Under Pressure: Deep Sea Minerals in the Pacific
 
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Several Pacific Island nations are eagerly eyeing up the potential economic benefits from valuable deep sea mineral resources that have been discovered within their maritime territories. With a recent surge in commercial interest the Pacific has now become the centre of an international debate over whether the sustainable economic benefits for Pacific Islanders will outweigh the environmental risks of harvesting these precious metals from the bottom of the sea. This short film examines the issue from a number of key perspectives including; anti-deep sea mining NGO's; politicians; government agencies; deep sea mining companies and; the Secretariat of the Pacific Community.
Views: 12606 Steve Menzies
What is Deep Sea Mining? A web series. Episode 2: Deep Frontiers
 
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Inhabitants is an online video for exploratory video and documentary reporting. Follow us: Website: http://inhabitants-tv.org/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/inhabitantstv/ YouTube: youtube.com/channel/UCt0fB6C18nwzRwdudiC8sGg instagram: inhabitants_tv #inhabitants Written by anthropologist Stefan Helmreich, What is Deep Sea Mining? Episode 2: Deep Frontiers is a brief history about knowledge of the deep sea and its resources. It highlights the ambiguity of this history, as depictions of the deep changed throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Today, this knowledge informs discussions about the commercialization of biological and geological resources, with the deep sea fast becoming a zone of international dispute, opening up a debate about sustainable practices at sea. What is Deep Sea Mining? is a five episode web series dedicated to the topic of deep sea mining, a new frontier of resource extraction at the bottom of the ocean, set to begin in the next few years. Deep sea mining will occur mainly in areas rich in polymetallic nodules, in seamounts, and in hydrothermal vents. Mining companies are already leasing areas in national and international waters in order to extract minerals and metals such as manganese, cobalt, gold, copper, iron, and other rare earth elements from the seabed. Main sites targeted for future exploration are the mid-atlantic ridge and the Clarion Clipperton Zone (Pacific ocean) in international waters, as well as the islands of Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Tonga, New Zealand, Japan, and the Portuguese Azores archipelago. Yet, potential impacts on deep sea ecosystems are yet to be assessed by the scientific community, and local communities are not being consulted. The prospects of this new, experimental form of mining are re-actualizing a colonial, frontier mentality and redefining extractivist economies for the twenty-first century. This web series addresses different issues related to this process, from resource politics to ocean governance by international bodies, prompting today’s shift towards a "blue economy" but also efforts to defend sustained ocean literacy when the deep ocean, its species, and resources remain largely unmapped and unstudied. Stefan Helmreich is Professor of Anthropology at MIT. He is the author of Alien Ocean: Anthropological Voyages in Microbial Seas, and, most recently, of Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond (Princeton University Press, 2016). His essays have appeared in Critical Inquiry, Representations, American Anthropologist, Cabinet, and The Wire. What is Deep Sea Mining? is developed in collaboration with Margarida Mendes, curator and activist from Lisbon, Portugal, and founding member of Oceano Livre environmental movement against deep sea mining. It was commissioned and funded by TBA21 - Academy and premiered at the 2018 New Museum Triennial: Songs for Sabotage. For more information and links to NGOs, advocacy, and activist groups involved in deep sea mining visit: deepseaminingoutofourdepth.org/the-last-frontier/ savethehighseas.org/deep-sea-mining/ deepseaminingwatch.msi.ucsb.edu/#!/intro?view=-15|-160|2||1020|335 oceanolivre.org/ facebook.com/Alliance-of-Solwara-Warriors-234267050262483/ Acknowledgements: Stefan Helmreich, Matt Gianni, and everyone who helped this web series. Special thanks to: Markus Reymann, Stefanie Hessler, and Filipa Ramos. Commissioned by TBA21 - Academy. FB: TBA21–Academy @TBA.Academy Instagram: @tba21academy web: tba21.org/ tba21.org/#tag--Academy--282 #deepseamining
Views: 567 Inhabitants
Deep-sea Science
 
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#Hot2ColdVents scientists are on the R/V Atlantis in the East Pacific Ocean studying hydrothermal vents. Talk with them about deep-sea science, hydrothermal vents, microbial life, and HOV Alvin. Learn about their research at bit.ly/hot2coldvents
Views: 84 Skype A Scientist
Testing Waters at a Deep-sea Hot Vent
 
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On 30 September 2010, we installed a BARS (Benthic & Resistivity Sensors) device at the Grotto hydrothermal vent in the Endeavour Ridge deep-sea rift valley. Watch as ROPOS lifts the device from the nearby instrument platform, flies with it to the vent site, then inserts the probe into a black smoker vent opening. The BARS recorded temperatures near the vent at 4°C, and over 329°C inside the vent. Incredibly, tubeworms and other creatures flourish on hydrothermal vents due to unique adaptations allowing them to withstand such extreme temperature variations.
Views: 2918 Neptune Canada
Hydrothermal Vents
 
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Hydrothermal vents found on the East Pacific Rise continuously spew hot, mineral-rich water that helps support a diverse community of organisms, including the giant tube worm, Riftia pachyptila. These tube worms have a symbiotic relationship with bacteria that obtain nutrition from the vent fluids.
Seabed Mining In The Deep – What Is There? Is It Profitable? Is It Time To Join The Gold Rush?
 
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Does seabed mining make economic sense? What are the environmental and commercial risks if this goes ahead? Who will lose money on seabed mining? Why do you think this matters to coastal investors and ocean lovers? Carl Gustaf Lundin, Principal Marine and Polar Scientist, IUCN. You can view this video and the full video archive on the Dukascopy TV page: http://www.dukascopy.com/tv/en/#262499 Смотрите Dukascopy TV на вашем языке: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvrussian 用您的语言观看杜高斯贝电视: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvchinese Miren Dukascopy TV en su idioma: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvspanish Schauen Sie Dukascopy TV in Ihrer Sprache: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvgerman Regardez la Dukascopy TV dans votre langue: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvfrench Veja a TV Dukascopy na sua língua: http://www.youtube.com/user/dukascopytvpt
Views: 219 Dukascopy TV (EN)
Microbial Mysteries - Big Pagoda Pools - Hydrothermal Vent Structure
 
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This spectacular underwater volcano was just explored for the first time by scientists aboard the R/V Falkor. 2000 meters below the surface of the ocean, the ‘Big Pagoda’ hydrothermal vent is massive: 30m tall and 23m wide. The liquid in these upside down pools is hydrothermal vent fluid. Up to 320 degrees in temperature, it is a "soup" of harsh chemicals (including sulfur and metals) that allows life to thrive in a deep dark ocean. The mineral-rich, hot fluids burst out of the seafloor, and then precipitate in the frigid ocean water, creating chimney structures. The mirror is a mirage effect where cold saltwater and hot vent fluids refract light at different angles. One theory is that that life on Earth began around hydrothermal vents, which could also be a possibility on other planets and moons too. The novel organisms that are thriving in these extreme places surely have much to teach us about our own changing environment. We are sampling the rocks, fluid, sediments, and biology here to try and unravel these #MicrobialMysteries. Music: Music - Fuzzy Lights - Slowing Time
Views: 32311 Schmidt Ocean
tomorrow today | Manganese nodules
 
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The seabeds of the worlds oceans are rich in raw materials such as diamonds, rare minerals and manganese nodules. They look like small potatoes but they contain metals such as nickel, cobalt and copper, and small amounts of rare metals like molybdenum, selenium and tellurium, which are used in the construction of electronics components.The hunt to recover the precious metals from the seabed has begun. German geologists recently carried out an extended research project in the Pacific. They wanted to find out how many manganese nodules there are, and where they are scattered. 24 million tons of precious metals are believed to be lying under the worlds oceans. The German geologists are trying to learn whether the nodules could be recovered from the seabed without damaging the environment, and which technology would be best suited to do that. We take a look at their findings.
Views: 14381 DW News
Microbial Mysteries - Wrap Up Video - FK190211
 
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While exploring hydrothermal vent and cold seep environments, Dr. Mandy Joye and her interdisciplinary research team were witness to amazing geological, chemical and biological discoveries. From large venting mineral towers with volcanic flanges holding pools of superheated (366ºC) hydrothermal fluids, to areas teeming with biodiversity and potentially novel fauna, this expedition has been full of amazing sights. “We discovered remarkable towers where every surface was occupied by some type of life. The vibrant colors found on the ‘living rocks’ was striking, and reflects a diversity in biological composition as well as mineral distributions,” said Dr. Joye. “This is an amazing natural laboratory to document incredible organisms and better understand how they survive in extremely challenging environments. Unfortunately, even in these remote and beautiful environments we saw copious amounts of trash including fishing nets, deflated Mylar balloons, and even a discarded Christmas trees. This provided a stark juxtaposition next to the spectacular mineral structures and biodiversity.” Check out the expedition’s wrap up video for a look back into this unprecedented study of hydrothermal and gas plumes, with researchers using advanced technology including 4K deep-sea underwater cameras, cutting-edge sediment and fluid samplers, radiation tracking devices and more.
Views: 134067 Schmidt Ocean
Hydrothermal Vents
 
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Views: 3941 Lane Barnes
Deep Sea Vents
 
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I created this video with the YouTube Video Editor (http://www.youtube.com/editor)
Views: 759 Daniel DeKraker
Daily Scuba News - Are Giant Robots The Future Of Underwater Mining?
 
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Are Giant Robots the future Of Underwater Mining ScubaTube - http://bit.ly/2vHQnP7 Fun Vids - http://bit.ly/2mZLTzp A Canadian company called Nautilus Minerals have spent years prepping to mine an area called Solwara 1. The seabed is, of course, a massive area so the mining company has built three massive machines to mine the area, to put it into perspective the lightest machine weighs two hundred tons. At this moment in time, these machines live aboard a 700-foot ship, which is also where these robots will be controlled… so even the mothership is massive. Using cameras, 3D sonar and very powerful lights operators will be able to churn up the seabed with ease. .................................... Social Links Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/simplyscubauk Twitter: https://twitter.com/SimplyScuba Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/simplyscuba/ To browse our huge range of top brand Scuba gear and equipment for all ages, with fast shipping and 28-day returns, visit http://www.simplyscuba.com For more helpful product videos plus expert scuba diving advice, head to http://www.youtube.com/user/SimplyScuba
Views: 469 Simply Scuba
Deep Sea Vents Google Earth Tour
 
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Welcome to a Deep Sea Vents Tour in Google Earth, where you can watch the deepest volcanic eruption ever captured on video at the West Mata volcano near Fiji and learn about the exciting discovery of hydrothermal vents. Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory highlights Ridge 2000 discoveries in this tour now visible with the new underwater terrain data published in Google Earth from Columbia's Global Multi-Resolution Topography Synthesis covering half of the ocean that has ever been mapped.
Views: 61941 Google Earth
Nautilus Animated Industrial.mp4
 
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Nautilus Animated Industrial that shows a sterilized version of the Deep Sea mining process.
Views: 27247 Arnie
Marshall Global Technologies, LLC  presents the Marshall Hydrothermal Recovery System (MHRS)
 
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[email protected], http://www.marshallhydrothermal.com. US Hydrothermal, LLC, a pre-IPO subsidiary of Marshall Hydrothermal US,LLC, is providing the world with the first and only patented solution to unlock the awesome potential from deep-sea hydrothermal vents. The Marshall Hydrothermal Recovery System (MHRS) has the ability to provide utility scale base load electrical power, millions of gallons of desalinated water, and extensive mineral/metal/resource mining capability. US Hydrothermal, LLC provides expert consulting support and guidance to our country partners to ensure smooth and efficient implementation of the MHRS solution. All inquiries welcome.
Views: 427 marshallsystem