Susan Tuddenham discusses the role of the intestinal microbiome in human health and disease. To learn more about this event and to access slides for this presentation please visit: http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/institute_basic_biomedical_sciences/news_events/2017_The_Frenemy_Within.html
Views: 4538 Johns Hopkins Medicine
“Updates on Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease” is the presentation given by Christine Rosche, MPH, CNS, CBT at the June 21, 2018 meeting of the Silicon Valley Health Institute. * Latest Research on Gut Bacteria and Alzheimer’s/Dementia * Which probiotics are essential to absorb which nutrients * The role of functional testing for a healthy Microbiome * The role of Gut Bacteria in the prevention and treatment of certain cancers * The role of Gut Bacteria and Permeability in Neurodegeneration, including Alzheimer’s and Dementia Christine Rosche, MPH, CNS, CBT is a Board Certifed Nutrition Specialist and Biofeedback erapist with 25 years experience in the health care field. She developed and taught courses at Stanford University Medical Center and Heart Disease Prevention Program and is the author of 2 books. She has maintained a private practice in Palo Alto since 1980 and specializes in functional testing and integrative approaches for digestive issues including GERD, malabsorption issues, gut permeability, IBS, IBD, Crohns, constipation and in ammatory bowel disease. As a licensed Heart MathTM Trainer, Christine is pioneering the integration of Heart MathTM Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback Training with Custom Nutrition and Gut Healing Protocols. Her website is at: http://www.digestivehealth.center Visit the Silicon Valley Health Institute (aka Smart Life Forum) at http://www.svhi.com Silicon Valley Health Institute Smart Life Forum Palo Alto
Views: 20185 Silicon Valley Health Institute
This lecture is part of the IHMC Evening Lecture series. https://www.ihmc.us/life/evening_lectures/ Human beings are colonized with a diverse collection of microorganisms that inhabit every surface and cavity of the body. This collection of microbes, known as the human microbiome, is made up of nearly one thousand different bacterial species and exists in a mutualistic relationship with us as its host. Indeed, we could not survive without our microbial partners. Claire M. Fraser, Ph.D. is Director of the Institute for Genome Sciences at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore, MD. She has joint faculty appointments at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in the department of Medicine and Microbiology/Immunology. She helped launch the new field of microbial genomics and revolutionized the way microbiology has been studied. Until 2007, she was President and Director of The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) in Rockville, MD, and led the teams that sequenced the genomes of several microbial organisms, including important human and animal pathogens. Her current research is focused on characterization of the human gut microbiome in health and disease. Her work on the Amerithrax investigation led to the identification of four genetic mutations in the anthrax spores that allowed the FBI to trace the material back to its original source. She is one of the world’s experts in microbial forensics and the growing concern about dual uses – research that can provide knowledge and technologies that could be misapplied. Dr. Fraser has authored more than 300 publications, edited three books, and served on the editorial boards of nine scientific journals. Between 1997 and 2008, she was the most highly cited investigator in the field of microbiology and has been recognized for numerous awards. She has served on many advisory panels for all of the major Federal funding agencies, the National Research Council, the Department of Defense, and the intelligence community. In addition, she has contributed her time as a Board member for universities, research institutes, and other non-profit groups because of her commitment to the education of our next generation of scientists.
Views: 41690 TheIHMC
On May 29 patients and healthcare professionals around the world celebrate World Digestive Health Day to raise awareness of the millions of patients who suffer from a digestive or liver disease. This year, special attention is given to gut microbes and their strong relation with diseases in and outside the digestive system. This video was produced by UEG & ESNM, with the backing of the WGO, medical associations, patient organisations and the charity foundation 'Core'.
Views: 19829 UEG - United European Gastroenterology
Gut reactions: host microbiome interactions in the intestine in health and disease Air date: Wednesday, March 14, 2018, 3:00:00 PM Category: WALS - Wednesday Afternoon Lectures Runtime: 01:00:44 Description: NIH Director's Wednesday Afternoon Lecture Series The gastrointestinal tract is home to a large number and vast array of bacteria that play an important role in nutrition, immune-system development, and host defense. In inflammatory bowel disease there is a breakdown in this mutualistic relationship resulting in aberrant inflammatory responses to intestinal bacteria. Studies in model systems indicate that intestinal homeostasis is an active process involving a delicate balance between effector and immune suppressive pathways. For her presentation, Dr. Powrie will discuss bacterial pathways that promote intestinal homeostasis and host defense, and how these may be harnessed therapeutically. For more information go to https://oir.nih.gov/wals/2017-2018/ Author: Fiona Powrie, D. Phil., Professor; Director, Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, University of Oxford Permanent link: https://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?23754
Views: 2000 nihvcast
In this video seminar Dr. Premysl Bercik, an associate professor in the Department of Medicine at McMaster University, reviews the current knowledge on gut microbiota, discusses the role of microbiota in gastrointestinal physiology and development of normal behavior, reviews the current evidence for gut microbiota as a key factor in the development of functional bowel disorders and explores the microbial-based therapies for irritable bowel syndrome and its psychiatric comorbidities. Copyright McMaster University 2018
Views: 502 Demystifying Medicine
The gut mucosa hosts the body's largest population of immune cells. Nature Immunology in collaboration with Arkitek Studios have produced an animation unravelling the complexities of mucosal immunology in health and disease. Nature Immunology homepage: http://www.nature.com/ni/index.html Nature has full responsibility for all editorial content, including Nature Video content. This content is editorially independent of sponsors.
Views: 388911 nature video
Duke University researcher Diego Bohorquez and colleagues have identified the neural circuitry that connects the gut with the brain. This pathway is spanned by a single synapse, capable of relaying a signal from gut to brain in 100 milliseconds. This newly discovered pathway is probably exploited by pathogens, and will almost certainly lead to new therapies.
Views: 40066 Duke University
Professor Koen Venema, of Beneficial Microbes® Consultancy and Maastricht University, The Netherlands, delivers the 2017 Journal of Applied Microbiology Annual Lecture at SfAM's Applied Microbiology Conference on New Insights into Food Safety at the BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art in Gateshead.
Views: 3476 Wiley
Elaine Hsiao is a postdoctoral fellow in chemistry and biology at Caltech. She received her undergraduate degree in microbiology, immunology and molecular genetics from UCLA and her doctoral degree in neurobiology from Caltech with Professor Paul Patterson. She studied neuroimmune mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders and uncovered a role for the commensal microbiota in regulating autism-related behaviors, metabolism, and intestinal physiology. Elaine has received several honors, including predoctoral fellowships from the National Institute of Health, Autism Speaks and the Caltech Innovation Program. She is currently studying the mechanisms by which microbes modulate host production of neuroactive molecules and aims to better understand how the human microbiota influences health and disease. In the spirit of ideas worth spreading, TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations) On January 18, 2013, Caltech hosted TEDxCaltech: The Brain, a forward-looking celebration of humankind's quest to understand the brain, by exploring the past, present and future of neuroscience. Visit TEDxCaltech.com for more details.
Views: 232288 TEDx Talks
Kirsten Tillisch, M.D., an associate professor of medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, explains how the microbiome in the gut takes care of us – and how we can take care of it. Tillisch is a pioneer in the study of microbe-gut-brain interactions, and is currently focusing on the role of mind-body interventions such as hypnotherapy, acupuncture, and mindfulness-based stress reduction for gastrointestinal disorders. Learn more at https://uclahealth.org
Views: 34483 UCLA Health
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/how-the-food-you-eat-affects-your-gut-shilpa-ravella The bacteria in our guts can break down food the body can’t digest, produce important nutrients, regulate the immune system, and protect against harmful germs. And while we can’t control all the factors that go into maintaining a healthy gut microbiome, we can manipulate the balance of our microbes by paying attention to what we eat. Shilpa Ravella shares the best foods for a healthy gut. Lesson by Shilpa Ravella, animation by Andrew Foerster.
Views: 1532362 TED-Ed
Prof. Simon Carding, Leader of the Gut Health and Food Safety Research Programme, Institute of Food Research and Norwich Medical School at the University of East Anglia, describes our current understanding of the human gut and its relationship with its human host and introduce the provocative proposal that gut microbes influence when, what and how often we eat and whether we stay healthy or succumb to disease.
Views: 441610 Quadram Institute
Speech: Karsten Kristiansen, University of Copenhagen and BGI-Shenzhen Speech at the Herrenhausen Conference "Beyond the Intestinal Microbiome – From Signatures to Therapy", 08.10.2014 The importance of the gut microbiota for regulation of metabolism and immune functions is well established, and evidence has been presented that the gut microbiota may also affect behavior. However, the exact molecular mechanisms by which bacteria in the gut exert their actions still remain elusive... Photo: Mirko Krenzel for Volkswagen Foundation ScienceUncut - Science Podcast by Volkswagen Foundation
Views: 1962 VolkswagenStiftung
In this episode of Revolution Health Radio, I discuss a reader question about the relationship between high-fat diets and the gut microbiota. There are a lot of reasons not to trust studies that suggest that all fat harms gut health—and there are even more reasons to take most nutritional research with a grain of salt. Keep reading to find out why the latest research doesn’t always paint a clear picture of how your diet impacts your health. In this episode, we discuss: ● The problems with nutritional research ● Why correlation isn’t causation ● The Bradford Hill criteria ● The healthy-user bias ● Why diet quality matters ● The type of diet that can impact gut flora ● Why you should take nutritional studies with a grain of salt Show notes: ● “Will a Low-Carb Diet Shorten Your Life?” by Chris Kresser ● Spurious Correlations, by Tyler Vigen ● “Red Meat and TMAO: Cause for Concern, or Another Red Herring?” by Chris Kresser ● “RHR: You Are What Your Bacteria Eat: The Importance of Feeding Your Microbiome—With Jeff Leach” ● The American Gut Project ● “RHR: Is a Disrupted Gut Microbiome at the Root of Modern Disease?—With Dr. Justin Sonnenburg” ● “The Challenge of Reforming Nutritional Epidemiologic Research,” by John Ioannidis READ FULL ARTICLE: http://chriskresser.com/reader-question-is-high-fat-healthy-for-the-gut-microbiota FACEBOOK: https://www.facebook.com/chriskresserlac TWITTER: https://twitter.com/chriskresser GOOGLE+: https://plus.google.com/117704065556483529452/posts MIND-BODY RESET IN 14 DAYS: http://14four.me THE PALEO CURE: http://paleocurebook.com TAKE BACK YOUR HEALTH: http://chriskresser.com SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=chriskresser Chris Kresser, M.S., L.Ac, is a practitioner of integrative and functional medicine, the creator of one of the world's most respected natural health sites, ChrisKresser.com, and author of the New York Times best seller, Your Personal Paleo Code. He is widely known for his in-depth research uncovering myths and misconceptions in modern medicine and providing natural health solutions with proven results. The Revolution Health Radio Show is brought to you by ChrisKresser.com and http://14Four.me
Views: 1279 Chris Kresser, L.Ac
Functional dynamics of the gut microbiome in health and disease Air date: Tuesday, October 27, 2015, 3:00:00 PM Category: WALS - Wednesday Afternoon Lectures Runtime: 01:00:59 Description: NIH Director’s Wednesday Afternoon Lecture Series Dr. Fraser's current research interests are focused oncharacterization of the structure and function of the microbial communitiesthat are found in the human environment, as part of the NIH-funded HumanMicrobiome Project, including projects specifically focused on obesity,metabolic syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, the interactions between thehuman immune response and the gut microbiome, and the impact of probiotics onthe structure and function of the intestinal microbiome. About the annual Rolla E. Dyer lecture: The annual Rolla E. Dyer Lecture features aninternationally renowned researcher who has contributed substantially to themedical as well as the biological knowledge of infectious diseases. Establishedin 1950, the lecture series honors former NIH director Dr. Dyer, who was anoted authority on infectious diseases. For more information go to https://oir.nih.gov/wals Author: Claire Fraser, Ph.D., Professor of Medicine, Microbiology and Immunology; Director, Institute for Genome Sciences; University of Maryland School of Medicine Permanent link: http://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?19272
Views: 3076 nihvcast
(Najnovija saznanja u vezi sa ulogom i značajem stomačnog mikrobiota) EAGEN Postgraduate Course 12th September 2015 Belgrade, Serbia Directors of the Course: Peter Malfertheiner, Chair - EAGEN Educational Programmes Tomica Milosavljevic, EAGEN President (2015-2016) Endorsed by: Serbian Association of Gastroenterologists Gastroenterology Section of Serbian Medical Society Scientific and Organizing Committee: Prof. Dr Miodrag Krstic Doc. Dr Tamara Alempijevic Doc. Dr Aleksandra Sokić-Milutinovic Venue: Dekanat – The main building of the School of Medicine Agenda: 10,00 Opening: P.Malfertheiner, T.Milosavljević Chairs: J.Regula, D.Štimac 10,10-10,30 Evolution of GUT microbiota along the lifecycle (from infants to the aged) M.Rajilic - Stojanović, Serbia 10,30-10,50 Gastrointestinal microbiota and physiological functions P.Malfertheiner, Germany 10,50-11,10 Gastrointestinal microbiota in obesity and metabolic syndrome M.Krstić, Serbia 11,10-11,30 GUT microbiota and NAFLD/NASH D.Štimac, Croatia 11,30-12,00 Break Chairs: J.Malagelada, H.Hammer 12,00-12,20 Gastric microbiota and gastroduodenal diseases D.Dumitrascu, Romania 12,20-12,40 GUT microbiota and irritable bowel syndrome J.R.Malagelada, Spain 12,40-13,00 GUT and inflammatory bowel disease H.Hammer, Austria 13,00-13,20 GUT microbiota and colon cancer J.Regula, Poland 13,20-15,00 Lunch Chairs: L.Lundell, Z.Tullassay 15,00-15,20 Antibiotics: short and long-term effect on gut-microbiota Z.Tullassay, Hungary 15,20-15,40 Bariatric surgery and effect on GUT Microbiota L.Lundell, Sweden 15,40-16,00 Probiotics, prebiotics, sinbiotics, functional food –perspectives T.Milosavljević, Serbia 16,00-16,20 Fecal transplantation – therapeutic transfer of colonic microbiota: indications, advantages and problems G.Ianiro, A.Gasbarrini, Italy 16,20-16,40 Quiz – QA session 16,40-17,00 Closing remarks P.Malfertheiner, T.Milosavljević
Views: 671 Moj svet zdravlja
The Gut; Diet, Flora, Health and Disease - Research and Recommendations The environment of westernized societies is vastly different than that seen in non-westernized societies or during our developmental history. Differing lines of data show that exposure to dirt and bugs cause disease while other data show exposure prevents disease. How do we account for this discordance? More importantly how do we use this data to become healthier? While there is still very much we do not know about this field, this talk will attempt to critically examine trends in the data so as to extract practical applications for the attendees. Abstracts and information about the Ancestral Health Symposium can be found at www.ancestralhealth.org/ahs14-program.
Views: 13298 AncestryFoundation
We know that healthy gut bacteria are critical to good health. So which foods feed the healthy bacteria in our gut? Fermentable Fiber: https://www.prebiotin.com/fermentable-fiber/ http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/other-nutrients/fiber Sources of fiber: https://selfhacked.com/2016/05/07/health-benefits-butyrate-derivatives-sodium-butyrate-phenylbutyrate-trybutyrine-butyric-acid-butyrate-prodrugs-butyrate-producing-bacteria/ Sources of Pectin: http://www.livestrong.com/article/289067-list-of-foods-high-in-pectin/ Sources of Fructooligosaccharides: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fructooligosaccharide#cite_note-4 Effect of Potato Only Diet on Microbiome: http://vegetablepharm.blogspot.com/2015/06/this-is-your-gut-on-potatoes.html www.thefruitdoctor.com
Views: 320009 The Fruit Doctor
Dr. Justin Sonnenburg is an associate professor of microbiology and immunology at Stanford and Dr. Erica Sonnenburg is a senior research scientist in the Sonnenburg lab where they the research many aspects the interaction between diet with the 100 trillion or so bacteria in the gut (specifically the colon) and how this impacts the health of the host (which in this case is a laboratory research mouse). In this episode we discuss the pivotal role fiber plays in fueling good bacteria in the gut to produce compounds that regulate the immune system including increasing the number of T regulatory cells, which are specialized types of immune cells that keep the immune system in check and prevent autoimmune responses, and how these compounds also increase other types of blood cells in the body in a process known as hematopoiesis. We also talk about how the lack of fiber in the typical American diet actually starves these good bacteria of their food. This has an effect not only on the immune system and autoimmune diseases but also results in the breakdown of the gut barrier, which leads to widespread inflammation and inflammatory diseases. Lastly, in this podcast, Dr. Erica Sonnenburg talks about how C-sections, have a negative effect on the infant’s gut due to the lack of exposure to bacteria present in the mother’s vaginal canal, and how the use of formula deprives the infant not only from the good bacteria present in Mom’s gut but also from special carbohydrates in breast milk that are good for the infant gut flora known as HMOs or human milk oligosaccharides. ▶︎ Get the show notes! https://www.foundmyfitness.com/episodes/the-sonnenburgs Links related to the Sonnenburgs: ▶︎ http://sonnenburglab.stanford.edu/ ▶︎ http://www.facebook.com/thegoodgut ▶︎http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1594206287/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=1594206287&linkCode=as2&tag=foun06-20&linkId=IOKAGDTRCL47XQN6 Links related to FoundMyFitness: ▶︎ Join my weekly newsletter: http://www.foundmyfitness.com/?sendme=nutrigenomics ▶︎ Crowdfund more videos: http://www.patreon.com/foundmyfitness ▶︎ Subscribe on YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=foundmyfitness ▶︎ Subscribe to the podcast: http://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/foundmyfitness/id818198322 ▶︎ Twitter: http://twitter.com/foundmyfitness ▶︎ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/foundmyfitness ▶︎ Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/foundmyfitness
Views: 122398 FoundMyFitness
How To Improve Your Gut Bacteria 10 Ways To Enhance Your Gut Microbiota. Your body is full of trillions of bacteria, viruses and fungi. They are collectively known as the microbiome. While some bacteria are associated with disease, others are actually extremely important for your immune system, heart, weight and many other aspects of health. The gut flora make up a world of microorganisms that populate our gastrointestinal tract. It is estimated there are about 100 trillion of these microorganisms, called microbes. They are predominately made up of various strains of bacteria, but there are also some fungi and protozoa as well. Our relationship with the gut flora is considered to be one of mutual benefit. The gut flora may also be referred to as the microbiome, microbiota or microflora. Gut Bacteria and Diet Although the research in this area is quite preliminary, the following dietary changes may be of help in keeping your friendly gut bacteria happy and certainly will do you no harm: Decrease sugar and refined carbohydrates. These food components interact with gut bacteria through a process of fermentation and can contribute to excessive symptoms of gas and bloating. Get to know prebiotics. As you hear more and more about gut bacteria, you will also be hearing more and more about prebiotics. Prebiotics are ingredients in foods that encourage the growth of beneficial flora. Prebiotics are primarily found in vegetables and fruits that are high in soluble and insoluble fiber. Two other buzzwords are "fructooligosaccharides" and "inulins;" foods with these prebiotic components seem to be especially gut flora-friendly.
Views: 3714 Best For Health
COMMUNITY MEDICAL SCHOOL | University of Vermont College of Medicine and Fletcher Allen Health Care Billions of bacteria populate your gut and have impact on wellness and disease. Explore the critical role of gut bacteria in maintaining health and how manipulation of the gut microbiota may be used for treating illness now and in the future. --- VT Schools is managed by RETN. To watch more videos produced in Vermont, including documentaries, local events, and more, visit any of the following RETN sites: http://www.retn.org http://www.youtube.com/retnvt http://www.youtube.com/pknbtv
Views: 4369 VT Schools
Copyright Broad Institute, 2018. All rights reserved.
Views: 579 Broad Institute
In this presentation, Dr. John Marshall, Professor of Medicine at McMaster University and Chief of Service for Gastroenterology at Hamilton Health Sciences in Hamilton discusses the long term sequelae of enteric infection, links among gut flora, IBS and IBD how changes in the microbiome can both induce and heal C. Difficile infection.
Views: 904 CDHFtube
The human intestinal microbiota functions as an organ and is critical for immune and gastrointestinal system maturation, colonization resistance, modulation of immune responses, and nutritional needs. A balanced, diverse microbiota is essential for health. There are disorders in which the beneficial use of probiotics is documented including antibiotic-associated diarrhea, C. difficile-associated diarrhea, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel disease, dysbiosis, urinary tract infections, allergies, atopic dermatitis, eczema, and lactose intolerance. As a complementary therapy, prebiotics increase the numbers and/or activities of healthful gut microbiota and support populations of healthful genera that are not available as probiotics. This presentation will provide the knowledge and tools needed to effectively use prebiotics and probiotics to enhance health. Learning objectives: 1. Understand the beneficial effects of the gastrointestinal microbiota on the development and function of the immune, gastrointestinal, and other organ systems, as well as the adverse effects that can occur secondary to microbiome disruption 2. Appreciate the mechanisms by which probiotics may confer benefit and the health conditions for which evidence exists to support their use 3. Learn the safety profile and potential risks of probiotic preparations and how to effectively select and dose probiotic formulas ----------------------------------------------------------------- Presented by Stephen Olmstead, MDAviva Romm, MD Stephen Olmstead, MD, graduated from the University of New Mexico with distinction in biology and chemistry. He attended the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. He trained in internal medicine at Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital. Dr. Olmstead completed a cardiology fellowship at the University of Washington. He is board certified in both internal medicine and cardiovascular diseases. His academic honors include Phi Beta Kappa and Alpha Omega Alpha. Dr. Olmstead served in the US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps in the Indian Health Service. For many years Dr. Olmstead was Clinical Assistant Professor in Medicine at the University of Washington Medical School in Seattle. He served as advisor to the King County Natural Medicine Clinic during its inception and consultant to the Office of Alternative Medicine after it was first established at the National Institutes of Health. He has long been an advocate of rigorous scientific research on complementary medical therapies. He has more than 30 years of experience in clinical trials, registries and basic research. In 2005, Dr. Olmstead joined ProThera Inc. as its Chief Science Officer. Dr. Olmstead provides scientific support to both technical services and marketing at ProThera. He is responsible for the company newsletters, educational programs, and technical materials. designs and directs clinical trials of ProThera products including probiotics. Dr. Olmstead's current interests are in the development of innovative probiotic and prebiotic formulations and the use of nutriceuticals to disrupt dysbiotic biofilms. ------------------------------------------------------------- Genova Diagnostics offers webinar sessions that are designed to answer your most pressing questions about test profiles and popular topics in functional medicine. Learn more at http://www.gdx.net
Views: 17118 Genova Diagnostics
Fredrik Bäckhed, Wallenberg Laboratory, Sahlgrenska Centre for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Chair: Nathalie Delzenne, Louvain Drug Research Institute Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium. From: Gut microbiota in health and disease – from concept to evidence, 2016-03-17. Watch the other lectures from the symposium at www.kvatv.se
Views: 2019 Vetenskapsakademien
In a baseline analysis of the faecal microbiota composition of 161 older persons, we previously reported a core microbiota and aggregate composition that was distinct from younger persons. We also identified significant inter-individual variation at phylum level, the reasons for which were then unclear. To investigate further, we analyzed the microbiota composition of 178 elderly subjects, none receiving antibiotics, and for whom we had collected dietary intake information. The data revealed distinct microbiota composition groups that correlated with residence location. Clustering of subjects by diet produced clusters that overlapped with the microbiota-based clusters, which were also distinguishable by analysis of faecal metabolites. Major separations in the microbiota correlated with selected clinical measurements. Novel constellations of microbiota subtypes were identified, in which differential abundance changed from the healthy to the frail ends of the cohort phenotype spectrum. Collectively the data suggest a relationship between diet, microbiota and health status, and that modulation of the microbiota by dietary adjustment could be used to promote healthy aging.
Views: 10293 CIC bioGUNE
Scientists from the NIH’s National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases led research finding that transferring the gut microbes from wild mice to laboratory mice promoted fitness and significantly improved responses to an otherwise lethal flu virus infection and to colorectal cancer. By making lab mice more closely mirror real-world mice, the approach may improve the odds of success as research moves from mouse to man. The method could also help advance studies in metabolism, behavior, and endocrinology. The results published in Cell: www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(17)31065-6
(Visit: http://seminars.uctv.tv/) Presented at National Academy of Sciences-sponsored workshop: “Advances in Biodemography: Cross-Species Comparisons of Social Environments and Social Behaviors, and their Effects on Health and Longevity”. Hosted by Committee on Population, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council, Keck Center, 500 Fifth St NW, Washington, DC. [Show ID: 28741]
Views: 770 UCTVSeminars
Presenter: Lisa Sardinia, PhD, JD Most of the tens of trillions of cells that make up the human body are actually microbes. The gut microbiota make vitamins for us, help us digest food, battle disease-causing microbes, and may influence our behavior.
Views: 1704 Oregon Public Health Division
How Nutrition Can Shape Gut Microbiota and its Implications in the Autoimmunity Epidemics: The Lesson Learned From Celiac Disease - presented by Alesso Fasano, MD on March 17, 2016 Alessio Fasano, MD, is the W. Allan Walker Chair of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition and Chief of the Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition at Massachusetts General Hospital for Children (MGHfC). His visionary research, which established the rate of celiac disease at one in 133 people, led to the awareness of celiac disease as a growing public health problem in the United States. Dr. Fasano founded the Center for Celiac Research and Treatment in 1996, where he treats adults and children for gluten-related disorders. Dr. Fasano is also Director of the Mucosal Immunology and Biology Research Center (MIBRC) at MGHfC. In 2000, he and his team discovered the protein zonulin, opening up the door to a new way of looking at the function of intestinal permeability, not only as it affects the gut, but also what role it plays in both inflammation and autoimmunity throughout the body. Current research directed by Dr. Fasano encompasses both basic science focused on bacterial pathogenesis, the gut microbiome and intestinal mucosal biology, as well as translational science focused on interventional clinical trials in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases with an ultimate goal of prevention. A passionate advocate for collaboration in research and clinical work, Dr. Fasano recently authored Gluten Freedom to provide patients, healthcare providers and general readers an evidence-based yet entertaining book to dispel confusion about gluten and how it can affect your health. Dr. Fasano is widely sought after as an expert in celiac disease, intestinal permeability and autoimmune disorders and has been featured in media outlets around the world, including National Public Radio, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Daily Mail, Elle, TIME and other online and media outlets. Visit the Silicon Valley Health Institute (aka Smart Life Forum) at http://www.svhi.com Silicon Valley Health Institute Smart Life Forum Palo Alto
Views: 54225 Silicon Valley Health Institute
Learn more on the blog! http://bit.ly/twjmicrobiome Subscribe and be the first to get our weekly videos! http://bit.ly/1Q32uUB Find out more about how I can help you here: http://thewholejourney.com If you liked this video, then you might like others in our Digestive Health playlist: http://bit.ly/1TMCG5Y Today we are joined by Dr. Jack Tips, Ph.D. where we take an even deeper dive into our gut microbiome and explore new research. We look at the importance of healthy microbes (and diversity!) and their beneficial effects on our entire immune system. Research is showing evidence of something we have known for years; how our mood, stress hormone levels and our microbiome are so interconnected and therefore how they directly influence each other. Mood and the microbiome have always been thought to be connected through the vagus nerve, a cranial nerve in the body that is responsible for feelings of calm and relaxation as well as the parasympathetic function of the digestive tract (i.e- peristalsis or the involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestines that create wavelike movements that produce bowel movements). When making an important decision, we are always told to go with our gut or to listen to our gut instincts. This couldn’t be truer as our microbiome, and our mood are quite connected to the majority of our “feel good” neurotransmitters such as serotonin and dopamine which are produced in the gut. Want to learn more about Gut Health? Watch the webinar! http://bit.ly/2BpPahb If you are suffering from food allergies, low energy, brain fog, chronic pain, anxiety, thyroid disease, autoimmune conditions and weight gain it could be due to a leaky gut. Watch our webinar to learn how to heal your gut with our 5-Step Protocol. Let's Connect! Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/thewholejourney Twitter: https://twitter.com/wholejourney Instagram: http://instagram.com/thewholejourney Pinterest: http://pinterest.com/thewholejourney
Views: 3938 The Whole Journey
This lecture is part of the IHMC Evening Lecture series. Human beings are colonized with a diverse collection of
Views: 40 Sherell Carrillo
There’s a lot more happening in your gut than you might think. Sure, our digestive system moves food through the body, extracting nutrients and eliminating waste. But there’s actually a significant portion of calories we ingest that don’t get absorbed and instead are used to feed our gut bacteria. This inner microbiome creates its own type of waste: metabolites that can be absorbed into the bloodstream and pumped throughout the rest of the body. We’re finding some of these compounds can impact everything from obesity and diabetes to blood pressure and heart disease—it’s astounding to realize the far-reaching effects on whole-body health that all start within the gut. Today’s guest on The Doctor’s Farmacy is here to explain that connection on a deeper level. Dr. Stanley Hazen is both the chair of the Department of Cellular & Molecular Medicine at the Lerner Research Institute and section head of Preventive Cardiology & Rehabilitation at the Heart and Vascular Institute of the Cleveland Clinic. He’s published more than 400 peer-reviewed articles and has over 50 patents from his pioneering discoveries in atherosclerosis and inflammatory disease. Dr. Hazen made the seminal discovery linking microbial pathways to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease, which we talk much about in this fascinating episode. Tags: gut health, microbiome, health, heart health, heart attack, dr. stanley hazen, dr. mark hyman, mark hyman, podcast, the doctor’s farmacy _______________________________ Dr. Hyman is an 11-time New York Times bestselling author, family physician and international leader in the field of Functional Medicine. His podcast, The Doctor's Farmacy, is a place for deep conversations about the critical issues of our time in the space of health, wellness, food and politics. New episodes are released every Wednesday here on YouTube, and wherever you listen to podcasts. Find him and more of his content all over social media: Website http://www.drhyman.com/ Facebook https://www.facebook.com/drmarkhyman Instagram https://www.instagram.com/markhymanmd Twitter https://twitter.com/markhymanmd
Views: 20909 Mark Hyman, MD
More than 1 in 200 people in the Western world are affected by inflammatory bowel disease. But why does develop Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis develop? Is it our genes? Our lifestyle? What we eat? Our gut microbiota? The answer lies in a combination of these things. How we live and what we eat alters our gut microbiome and does so in a manner influenced by our inherited DNA. We are studying how people with IBD and healthy individuals eat, sleep, exercise and live. At the same time we are analysing sample of blood or saliva so we can sequence their genomes. And we are collecting stool samples from which we can measure levels of gut inflammation, chemicals and importantly sequence all the bacterial (and other microbial) DNA in the microbiota. Following these individuals over time will teach us what causes flare-ups in people with IBD. And allow us to answer apparently simple questions like "what should I eat"? And "what lifestyle changes should I make"? But the work goes much deeper too. Studying all these factors in healthy individuals and following them over time will help us work out what the optimum diet and lifestyle is for a healthy body and a healthy mind for mankind in the 21st century. And it may start to tell us how best to feed the 7 billion people on this planet in a sustainable way. Find out more at charlielees.com and predicct.co.uk
Views: 1492 Charlie Lees
How to Fix Your Gut Bacteria for Weight Loss with Prebiotics and Probiotics- Thomas DeLauer: Microorganisms and gut health: Gut health is important for our overall wellbeing. Known as the microbiota, consisting of 100 trillion bacteria, these microorganisms evolved a symbiotic relationship with humans. A healthy gut microbiota is critical for gut health and proper digestions and helps digest foods and provide nutrients while stimulating epithelial cell differentiation and proliferation. These cells regulate intestinal homeostasis, Induce antimicrobial peptide secretion, are intricately involved in the immune system and help to protect from pathogens in our guts. Imbalances in gut microbiota have been associated with: -Obesity and metabolic diseases -Malnourishment -Inflammatory diseases, such as asthma and Crohn’s disease -Allergies -HIV disease progression -Cancer -Depression and mood disorders -Cardiovascular health problems Dangers to the microbiota include: 1. Antibiotics 2. Triclosan in antibacterial gel and soap products 3. Diet low in fiber and high in unhealthy fats and processed foods So how do we help boost the health and diversity of our microbiotas? Probiotics and Prebiotics…. Probiotics are defined by the World Health Organization as “live microorganisms that can provide benefits to human health when administered in adequate amounts, which confer a beneficial health effect on the host.” There are numerous studies that demonstrate the benefits of supplementing with probiotics. Benefits found in studies include the prevention and treatment of: -Diarrhea -Pediatric allergic disorders -IBD, such as Crohn’s disease -Dysfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract -Prevention of respiratory tract infections, such as a cold Probiotic use has been shown to decrease intestinal permeability. Prebiotics are dietary fibers that have a positive impact on our gut microbiota and therefore our health. All prebiotics are fibers, but not all fibers are prebiotics. Prebiotics are food for probiotics, and it is through this mechanism that they play an important role in our health. Insulin and galacto-oligosaccharides are the only supplement ingredients that fulfil the definition of prebiotics. Once in the colon, prebiotics are fermented by microorganisms that live in the colon and form short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). The majority of organisms in the colon are anaerobic and get the energy they need from this fermentation of prebiotics. Our diet is of crucial importance in maintaining a healthy microbiota as different microorganisms require different food from our diets to thrive. The anti-inflammatory effects of fiber are likely due to the SCFAs that they are broken into when fermented by our microbiota. Tips: In addition to eating an organic, whole foods diet, it is a good idea to add in prebiotic and probiotic supplements. Foods high in prebiotics: 1. Asparagus 2. Garlic 3. Onions 4. Oats 5. Soy Beans 6. Leeks Foods high in probiotics (fermented foods): 1. Yogurts 2. Miso 3. Tempeh 4. Kimchi 5. Kombucha Synbiotics are synergistic combinations of probiotics and prebiotics. Switching your probiotic supplement is a good idea. Different strains provide different health benefits, even with strains of the same genus and species exhibiting different effects. Probiotics can be dangerous for those with compromised immune systems. References: 1. The role of probiotics and prebiotics in inducing gut immunity https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3859913/ 2. Prebiotics, probiotics and synbiotics https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18461293 3. Prebiotics and the health benefits of fiber... http://jn.nutrition.org/content/142/5/962.long
Views: 134608 Thomas DeLauer
https://www.ibiology.org/immunology/gut-microbiota/ Overview: Dr. Hooper studies how the gut microbiota changes during illness or disease and how it influences our ability to fight infections. In part 2, Hooper explains how a healthy gut microbes induce a host protein called RegIIIγ which helps to protect the host from infection by pathogenic gram-positive bacteria. Detailed description: In this lecture, Dr. Hooper introduces us to the fascinating world of human microbiota; the microorganisms that live within our bodies. Although we may think that most bacteria are harmful, Hooper provides ample evidence that symbiotic gut microbes are important to good human health. Her lab is interested in understanding how the microbiota changes during illness or disease and how it influences our ability to fight infections. Using germ-free mice, they were able to demonstrate that a healthy microbiota can shape development of the host immune system and provide protection against dangerous infections like salmonella. In the second part of her talk, Hooper explains how the balance of organisms in the microbiota is maintained. By comparing DNA microarray data from normal mice and germ-free mice, Hooper’s lab was able to look for genes induced by the microbiota. They identified RegIIIγ, an important protein involved in the protection against pathogenic bacteria. They showed that RegIIIγ forms pore complexes in the membranes of gram-positive bacteria and kills them. In mice and humans, the intestinal epithelium is coated with a layer of mucus. Typically, there is a gap between gut bacteria, which are found in the outer part of the mucus layer, and the epithelial cells. Hooper’s lab showed that RegIIIγ helps to maintain this gap by preventing gram-positive bacteria from colonizing the intestinal epithelial surface. This, in turn, prevents infection of the host. Speaker Biography: Although she always was interested in science, Lora Hooper’s love for biology started after taking an introductory class at Rhodes College in Memphis, TN where she was an undergraduate. Hooper continued her graduate education in the Molecular Cell Biology and Biochemistry Program at Washington University in St. Louis where she joined Dr. Jacques Baenziger's lab. For postdoctoral training, she stayed at Washington University, in the lab of Jeffrey Gordon, where she began her studies of the interaction between gut bacteria and host cells and discovered that bacteria have the capacity to modify carbohydrates important for cell signaling. Currently, Hooper is a Professor at The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator. She has established one of the handful of mouse facilities that have the capacity to breed germ-free mice. Using these mice, her lab explores the symbiotic relationship between a host and its microbiota with the aim of providing insight into human health. Hooper was a recipient of the Edith and Peter O’Donnell Awards in 2013 and in 2015 she was elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
Views: 6761 iBiology
Guest speakers: Professor Mike Gidley Mike has a very wide expertise ranging from cellulose structure, nutrition, digestion and microbiology. In February 2017, Mike presented to QLD AIFST members on nutrition and health focusing on caloric intake of food (composition), what a balanced diet is, the effect of food on gut microbial populations and what implications this has for maintaining good health. During this talk, Mike will be presenting of the areas of nutritional components that affect the microbiota (Resistant starch, dietary fibre including insoluble and soluble polysaccharides, and phytonutrients that pass into the large intestine). Dr Mark Turner Mark has extensive expertise is in microbiology (environmental microbiology or intestinal microbiology) that spans food safety and bacterial metabolism within the large intestine. Mark will be examining the impact metabolites produced by food components (secondary metabolites from food) have on the microbiota and their health implications. AIFST represents thousands of food industry professionals working in all facets of the food industry including food science, food technology, engineering, sensory, new product development, innovation, regulatory, QA, nutrition, microbiology and food safety, as well as those in leadership positions within the academic, industry and private sectors. More info on the event: https://qaafi.uq.edu.au/event/session/3985
The central objective of the MetaHit project is to establish associations between the genes of the human intestinal microbiota and human health and disease. The research work is focused on two disorders of increasing importance in Europe, Inflamatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and obesity. First, we need to establish an extensive reference catalog of microbial genes and genomes present in the human intestine. The second challenge is to develop tools to determine which genes and genomes of the reference catalog are present in different individuals and at what frequency. Third, it is necessary to gather cohorts of individuals, some sick and some healthy, and determine which genes and genomes they carry. Also, it is crucial to develop bioinformatic tools to store, organize and interpret this information, and thus establish associations between intestinal microbiota and health and disease
Views: 5747 ComedScienceFilms
Watch the presentation on Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/VHIR/j-dore-vhir-19112013 VHIR seminar led by Joel Doré. Research Director. Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA). Jouy-en-Josas, France Abstract: The human intestinal tract harbours a complex microbial ecosystem which plays a key role in nutrition and health. Interactions between food constituents, microbes and the host organism derive from a long co-evolution that resulted in a mutualistic association. Current investigations into the human faecal metagenome are delivering an extensive gene repertoire representative of functional potentials of the human intestinal microbiota. The most redundant genomic traits of the human intestinal microbiota are identified and thereby its functional balance. These observation point towards the existence of enterotypes, i.e. microbiota sharing specific traits but yet independent of geographic origin, age, sex etc.. It also shows a unique segregation of the human population into individuals with low versus high gene-counts. In the end, it not only gives an unprecedented view of the intestinal microbiota, but it also significantly expands our ability to look for specificities of the microbiota associated with human diseases and to ultimately validate microbial signatures of prognostic and diagnostic value in immune mediated diseases.
Views: 1967 Vall d'Hebron Barcelona Hospital Campus
http://www.weforum.org/ Is the secret to health in later life hidden in our gut? Simin Nikbin Meydani from Tufts University, USA, says disease is not an inevitable part of ageing, and bacteria in our gut may play a key role in how we age.
Views: 1207 World Economic Forum
Please Subscribe for 3-4x Videos Per Week! http://www.ThomasDeLauer.com Gut Bacteria and Mental Health: How Inflammation Affects Us: Thomas DeLauer Microbiomes are communities of microorganisms that are a combination of both beneficial and potentially harmful bacteria Lifestyle factors such as exercise and managing stress appear to dramatically affect the diversity and quantity of healthy microbiome in the intestines The human gut harbors over 100 trillion microorganisms - approximately 10 times the number of cells in the human body Microbes begin residing within human intestines shortly after birth. These microbiomes are vital to the development of the immune system and various neural functions – known as the gut-brain axis *The gut-brain axis is the biochemical signaling that takes place between the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system* An increasing body of research results confirms the importance of the "gut-brain axis" for neurology and indicates that the triggers for a number of neurological diseases, specifically anxiety and depression, may be located in the digestive tract How the Gut Interacts with the Brain The gut is connected to the brain via the vagus nerve, the enteric nervous system, and the gut-brain axis. Vagus Nerve The vagus nerve extends from the brainstem down into the neck, thorax, and abdomen. The nerve exits the brainstem through rootlets in the medulla that are caudal to the rootlets for the ninth cranial nerve The vagus nerve supplies motor parasympathetic fibers to all organs except adrenal glands, all the way from the neck down to the second segment of the transverse colon. It helps regulate heart rate, speech, sweating, and various gastrointestinal functions. Enteric Nervous System The enteric nervous system connects with the central nervous system. It contains 200-600 million neurons Local and centrally projecting sensory neurons in the gut wall monitor mechanical conditions in the gut wall. Local circuit neurons, on the other hand, integrate this information. This enables motor neurons to influence the activity of the smooth muscles in the gut wall and glandular secretions such as digestive enzymes, mucus, stomach acid, and bile The enteric nervous system has been referred to as a “second brain” because of its ability to operate autonomously and communicate with the central nervous system through the parasympathetic (i.e., via the vagus nerve) and sympathetic nervous systems. Gut-Brain Axis Finally, the gut-brain axis consists of bidirectional communication between the central and the enteric nervous system, linking emotional and cognitive centers of the brain with peripheral intestinal functions. There is strong evidence from animal studies that gut microorganisms can activate the vagus nerve and play a critical role in mediating effects on the brain and behavior. (1) Connections between the gut and the brain/Anxiety and Depression Recent studies on laboratory animals that grow up without any microorganisms (germ-free) show that microorganisms in the gut are capable of influencing mood Maintaining a Healthy Gut No one knows the exact ingredients for a healthy microbial gut; however, having a diet rich in probiotic foods to maintain a healthy gut seems like the way to go Probiotics seemingly boost mood in two important ways: They generate a particular neurotransmitter called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and also enhance the brain receptors for GABA as well. GABA is calming amino acid, known to calm areas of the brain that are over active in anxiety and panic and in some forms of anxious depression. References 1) Surprising Link Between Depression, Anxiety, and Gut Health. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/link-between-depression-anxiety-and-gut-health/ 2) Link Found Between Gut Bacteria And Depression | IFLScience. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/link-found-between-gut-bacteria-and-depression/ 3) How Your Gut Affects Your Mood | FiveThirtyEight. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/gut-week-gut-brain-axis-can-fixing-my-stomach-fix-me/ 4) The Gut Microbiome, Anxiety and Depression. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/inner-source/201411/the-gut-microbiome-anxiety-and-depression-6-steps-take
Views: 77110 Thomas DeLauer
Dr. Purna Kashyap and Dr. Vandana Nehra, both gastroenterologists at Mayo Clinic, share the findings of their research on how your individual gut bacteria may affect your ability to lose weight. This interview originally aired Sept. 1, 2018.
Views: 19885 Mayo Clinic
Copyright Broad Institute, 2013. All rights reserved. Our bodies are host to trillions of microorganisms, many of which reside in our digestive system. This tiny population, known as the gut microbiome, mostly functions to aid digestion or repress the growth of harmful bacteria. But imbalances in these same bacterial species have also been linked to inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, and even cancer. In his Science for All Seasons lecture in November 2013, Broad senior associate member and renowned gastroenterologist Ramnik Xavier discussed the link between the gut microbiome and our health. Learn more about this work and our public lecture series: Science for All Seasons (www.broadinstitute.org/sfas) Additional information about Ramnik Xavier (http://www.broadinstitute.org/node/5327)
Views: 2984 Broad Institute
A short film explaining Gut Health. Credit to NHK World
Views: 8663 Raymond Lee
Scala Precision Health specializes in disease specific treatment protocols. Researching the gut flora Microbiome and fixing imbalances will lead to optimal health and wellness. The digestive system and human gastrointestinal tract are the starting point for treatment. Scala Precision Health Treats nutritional deficiencies by correcting the body as a whole.Optimal health is no achieve in the current medial system. Contact us today. Scala Precision Health and The Institute offer cutting-edge research, metabolic testing, and advanced imaging that pushes innovative performance solutions into the hands of companies, physicians, and athletes. Contact us today to learn more! American BioHacker - book available on Amazon https://AmericanBiohacker.com Russ Scala, MA Everybody and Every Body has a story http://PersonalizedHealthInstitute.com http://ScalaPrecisionHealth.com https://www.facebook.com/ScalaPrecisionHealth
Views: 264 Russ Scala
In this particular channel I talk about wellness. Some examples: - Weight loss suggestions - Hair loss tips - instructions Acne treatment - Lower back pain And many more. DISCLAIMER: This route provides health information, yet does NOT REPLACE the information I will give you a licensed doctor in-line. Therefore , if you have questions with any questions, you should consult your doctor. It is very important that you be obvious, be evident. *** REMEMBER: All people are different. It is possible that these home remedies may serve you. But it may also certainly not work for you. There is no magic or perhaps miracles in health, never forget. There is nature and the need to do things well. If you have doubts about what you do, check with your doctor. We will not be responsible for just what might happen.
Views: 20771 Miss Health
In this lecture, Professor Fiona Powrie reviews key adaptations that allow the intestine to remain stable alongside its bacterial 'friends', and discusses how understanding these relationships may provide new treatments for chronic inflammatory diseases. The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is home to trillions of bacteria that help with nutrition, immune system development and defending the body. In a health body, the host body and the bacteria live alongside each other in a carefully maintained state of symbiotic homeostasis. In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), however, there is a breakdown in the healthy dialogue between our body and our microbial residents resulting in chronic immune attack in the bowel. Professor Fiona Powrie FRS FMedSci is head of the Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology at the University of Oxford. The 2014 Jean Shanks Lecture was delivered at the Academy of Medical Sciences AGM. Watch more Jean Shanks lectures here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4ripzZbfIsx1k-ELp1VA6GVSdkkE2tLH We are the independent body in the UK representing the diversity of medical science. Our mission is to advance biomedical and health research and its translation into benefits for society. Find the Academy of Medical Sciences online: Website: http://acmedsci.ac.uk/ Twitter: http://twitter.com/AcMedSci Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/acmedsci Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/acmedsci/
Views: 1364 acmedsci