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CSFI Cryptococcus India ink  PositiveIKOHI NigrosineI ILPCB I Gram stain IGiemsa Ichlorazole black E
 
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CSF analysis for Cryptococcus capsule observation by using various tool and techniques- India Ink Preparation-Positive KOH Preparation observation Nigrosine preparation-Positive capsule of Cryptococcus neoformans LPCB wet mount Gram stain Giemsa stain KOH -chlorazole black E preparation and using other common ink as shown in video... Please watch carefully . #Iindiaink #Preparation #Positive
Views: 623 Microhub Plus
VRE , C  albicans & C  neoformans AST pattern, greenish metallic sheen by E  coli in EMB agar  and i
 
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Miscellaneos experiments in a single video... Vancomycin Resistance enterococcus VRE Candida albicans Cryptococcus Antibiotic Sensitivity Testing E .coli greenish metallic sheen on EMB agar
Views: 397 Microhub Plus
Bio Project: Fungi Music Video :)
 
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C Gattii Music Video Music Video: The name's Gattii... Cryptococcus Gattii... To the tune of Lady Gaga- Bad Romance Rah-rah-ah-ah-ah! Roma-Roma-ma-ah! Crypt-toc-co-oh-cu-us Watch out bad fungus. Crypt-toc-co-oh-cus Cyptoc-cocus-gat-ii Crypt-oc-co-oh-cus Watch out bad fungus... The name's C Gattii, C Gattii for short, Encapsulated Yeast In free-roaming spores My genus is Crypt-toc-co-cus Yeast-like fungus Basidiomycota Yes that's my phylum Cause Teleomorph's my reproductive stage Tremellomycetes Yes that's my class Because I am so filamentous Filobasidiella Bacillispora's my Teleomorph Filamentous fungus Is why I am a Tremellomycete Crypt-toc-co-oh-cus Cyptoc-cocus-gat-ii Crypt-oc-co-oh-cus Watch out bad fungus... (one min mark) Tune of Akon-Dangerous Hey Cryptococcus gattii, your genotype, is so different! Since most species from your genus Cryptoccocus is so Harmless and, live in the soil, So why are you a pathogen? You are so DANGEROUS C. Gattii's so DANGEROUS That fungi's a bad one, in humans and animals Dangerous Just like C neoformans Still C Gatti's the worst one, yea To the tune of Katy Perry- California Gurls C Gattii's traveled the world Moving from different tropical coasts, Once it reached Vancouver, it spread to mainland BC And, the rest of Canada C Gatti, the fungus inescapable Airborne spores, carried kilometers But it's not, transmitted physically So-even-if-you-stay-home-you-might-not-be-safe (The victim of C.Gattii is not directly contagious because the spores are airborne and are not passed on physically but through the air as well as environment) C Gatti, the fungus which first grew on trees From BC to Pacific Northwest Even in the US, it is spreading now Spores in the air, soil, water, everywhere! To the tune of Jason Derulo- In My Head In your lungs, that's where C Gattii can reign If inhaled, respiratory failure, It gives you, Pulmonary Cryptococcosis, (and) In your brain, it'll also give you Cerebral Cryptococcomas This disease (-vid- list of different problems: deadly disease, seizures, neurological deficit, skin infections, lymph nodes, joints and bone infections) (-vid- 2001...) To the tune of Taylor Swift- Mine Vancouver Scientists sitting there by their laboratories, Finally figured out, for the first time, C Gatti gave cats dogs, sheep, even koalas. The very worst breathing difficulties With running noses and even nervous system problems, Bumps in their skin and with no solution C Gatti was the fungus, which eluded all How could it survive in these temperate climates? They said "global warming?!" (Scientists believe it is due to global warming which recently allowed this fungus to spread so rapidly) Infecting so many people... (Infected at least 216 people from 1999-2008) And treatment lasting several weeks (therapy lasted 6-8 weeks with drugs OR surgery and antifungals; fungal drugs including oral Flucytosine, Fluconazole and Amphotericin B) But now, they've found, It is killed by cold... (The fungus can be killed through freezing it) So now collaboration of researchers all o'er the world Has come together to solve, this big mystery With no possible protective measures except To go through intensive therapy (X-ray and antigen test taken before treatment; performed on blood or C(erebral) S(pinal) F(luid)) To the tune of Jason Derulo- In My Head This life-threatening fungal disease is so rare Lethal and deadly, it'll give you a scare Infecting the healthy, no fungus compares, And now it's in Canada, Canada C Gattii Organism Collectors everywhere, oh-oh Aint C Gattii the fungus you're looking for, oh oh You aint gon find a chance like this, no-oh I gotta specimen for you, oh oh To the tune of Justin Bieber-Somebody to Love Cause C Gattii needs someone to love, It, Doesn't need much Just, an agar plate and such.... C Gattii needs someone to love.... Woahhh... Add C. Gattii to YOUR prestigious collection! You can buy one at your nearest Jamieson Lab today! Jamieson Inc is not responsible for any ailments, illnesses, deaths, side effects of symptoms associated with the culturing of this fungus.
Views: 2971 Giovanna Ngai
Sabouraud agar
 
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Sabouraud agar is a type of agar containing peptones. It is used to cultivate dermatophytes and other types of fungi, and can also grow filamentous bacteria such as Nocardia. It was created by, and is named after, Raymond Sabouraud in 1892. Later adjusted by Chester W. Emmons when the pH level was brought closer to the neutral range and the dextrose concentration lowered to support the growth of other fungi. The 5.6 pH of traditional Sabouraud agar formulation inhibits bacterial growth. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 5220 Audiopedia
candida growth  on Cystine electrolyte Deficient agar ( CLED) agar
 
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Candida growth on Cystine electrolyte Deficient agar ( CLED) agar Yeast cells seen in gram staining Germ tube test (GTT)- Positive So, the organism is Candida albicans ( specimen was urine) -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Germ tube test" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W-fSMpaRA2o -~-~~-~~~-~~-~-
Views: 479 Microhub Plus
phagocytosis.flv
 
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phagocytosis ( interesting ) البلعمة في الخلايا الحية
Views: 1596 asmaa hamed
Aspergillus Springboard
 
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This video is part of a comprehensive medical school microbiology, immunology & infectious diseases course. Your comments on videos will be key as we iterate content. If you are interested in implementing all or part of this course, we are happy to share and would only ask for your candid evaluation in return: https://stanfordmedicine.qualtrics.com/SE/?SID=SV_8i98rRk2XRCXQ45 If you are interested in collaborating with us, please contact: [email protected] This course was created collaboratively between Stanford, UW, Duke, UCSF, and University of Michigan and made possible by support from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
IMMY - Saving Lives One Diagnostic at a Time
 
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A brief look back at 2012 and a look ahead to the future. IMMY is a US-based organization that was founded in 1979 with a particular focus in mycology, or the study of fungi. Our vision is to drastically reduce mortality caused by infectious diseases through increased use of affordable diagnostics.
Views: 207 IMMYvideos
Guiding neutrophil precursor cell chemotaxis using dynamic peptide gradients [Shear Lab]
 
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In this approach, micrometre pores are ablated in a membrane that supports cell adherence, allowing dosing reagent from an underlying reservoir to enter the cell-culture flow chamber as sharp streams that are directed at subcellular targets by using a system of paired sources and drains to specify flow direction. This movie shows the guidance of a dHL-60 cell through ca. 90 deg in a clockwise arc by changing the orientation of a stream of 100 nM fMLP through a series of six steps. In this experiment, stream orientations were changed in increments smaller than 45 deg. For each of the six dHL-60 cells steered in this manner, cells continuously reinforced their polarity (and thus, movement) toward the gradient established by the chemoattractant streams. Samira Moorjani, Rex Nielson, Xinming A. Chang and Jason B. Shear "Dynamic remodeling of subcellular chemical gradients using a multi-directional flow device" Lab Chip, 2010, 10, 2139-2146 http://jshear.cm.utexas.edu/jshear/shear_labs.htm
Views: 539 ShearLab
SD(Sabouraud Dextrose) Agar
 
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SD한천배지(MB-S1527)는 효모, 곰팡이 및 내산성 미생물의 배양에 사용되는 배지입니다. 이 배지에 첨가되는 chlortetracycline HCl과 chloramphenicol에 의해 그람음성 및 그람양성 세균의 생육을 억제됩니다. * 이 동영상은 MBCELL 출처를 기록하시면 사용가능합니다.
Views: 3581 MBcell MBcell
Single sphere phagocytosis with 11 micron spheres | Immunity Project
 
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Timelapse video showing 90 minutes of cellular activity compressed into 15 seconds. You're watching an Immunity Project human clinical trial where a type of biodegradable polymer that is used in many FDA approved products called a PLGA microsphere is being incubated with a type of bone marrow cell called a dendrocyte in a tissue culture. This process is called phagocytosis. It shows the dendrocytes consuming the microspheres containing the targeted epitope. An epitope is the part of an antigen (such as a T-cell) recognized by the immune system. An antigen is the part of the cell that binds to an antibody reacting to fight off an enemy in the immune system like a virus. The vaccine prototype created by Immunity Project to fight HIV encourages this process to occur. Our hope is that this will protect the cells from the virus.
Views: 813 Immunity Project
Medical Video Lecture: Transport Media, Microbiology
 
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FREE FREE FREE !!! FIGURE1 medical app: Discover medical cases from every specialty their views and advice DOWNLOAD NOW  http://download.figure1.com/greenglobe Prepare for USMLE,UK,CANADIAN,AUSTRALIAN, NURSING & OTHER MEDICAL BOARD examinations around the globe with us.Understand the basics, concepts and how to answer wisely and score 99 in each step. we are here to help you. What are you waiting for subscribe now!!! SUBSCRIBE NOW: http://bit.ly/161OmbF For Business inquiries: [email protected] Join our USMLE step 1 prep Zone : https://www.facebook.com/groups/730000020375744 Join our USMLE CK STUDY GROUP: https://www.facebook.com/groups/320959178079398
Views: 1156 allornonelaw
chromagar- detection of various Candida spp.
 
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chromagar- detection of various Candida spp.
Views: 437 Microhub Plus
Medical Video Lecture: Classification of COCCI, Microbiology
 
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FREE FREE FREE !!! FIGURE1 medical app: Discover medical cases from every specialty their views and advice DOWNLOAD NOW  http://download.figure1.com/greenglobe Prepare for USMLE,UK,CANADIAN,AUSTRALIAN, NURSING & OTHER MEDICAL BOARD examinations around the globe with us.Understand the basics, concepts and how to answer wisely and score 99 in each step. we are here to help you. What are you waiting for subscribe now!!! SUBSCRIBE NOW: http://bit.ly/161OmbF For Business inquiries: [email protected] Join our USMLE step 1 prep Zone : https://www.facebook.com/groups/730000020375744 Join our USMLE CK STUDY GROUP: https://www.facebook.com/groups/320959178079398
Views: 1591 allornonelaw
Phagocytosis of a zymosan particle by a human neutrophil
 
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A zymosan particle is manipulated into contact with a pipette-held neutrophil, triggering the phagocytic uptake of the particle. A distinguishing feature of the initial stage of this type of phagocytosis is the extension of a pseudopodial protrusion. Attached to the front of the pseudopod, the zymosan particle is at first pushed away from the main cell body. Eventually, the neutrophil appears to 'overflow' the particle, thereby internalizing it. In this example, the maximum push-out distance of the particle is 1.3 µm. The real-time duration of the complete sequence is ∼9 minutes. Scale bar: 10 µm. From: http://jcs.biologists.org/content/124/7/1106
Views: 848 Heinrich Lab
India Ink Stain Procedure
 
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How to conduct an India Ink stain and what it looks like under a microscope
PNEUMONIA - WikiVidi Documentary
 
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Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Severity is variable. Pneumonia is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly by other microorganisms, certain medications and conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Risk factors include other lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis, COPD, and asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke, or a weak immune system. Diagnosis is often based on the symptoms and physical examination. Chest X-ray, blood tests, and culture of the sputum may help confirm the diagnosis. The disease may be classified by where it was acquired with community, hospital, or health care associated pneumonia. Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia are available. Other methods of prevention include hand... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:02:24: Signs and symptoms 00:04:40: Cause 00:06:03: Bacteria 00:07:47: Viruses 00:09:07: Fungi 00:09:56: Parasites 00:11:03: Noninfectious 00:11:32: Mechanisms 00:11:47: Viral 00:13:02: Bacterial 00:14:18: Diagnosis 00:16:24: Physical exam 00:17:18: Imaging 00:19:08: Microbiology 00:20:12: Classification 00:21:24: Community 00:21:47: Healthcare 00:23:07: Differential diagnosis 00:23:47: Prevention 00:24:16: Vaccination 00:25:28: Medications 00:25:56: Other 00:27:54: Management 00:29:32: Bacterial 00:31:34: Viral 00:32:50: Aspiration 00:33:34: Prognosis 00:34:42: Clinical prediction rules 00:34:59: Pleural effusion, empyema, and abscess 00:36:31: Respiratory and circulatory failure 00:37:27: Epidemiology 00:38:11: Children 00:39:16: History 00:43:06: Awareness 00:43:25: Costs ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pneumonia
Demystifying Medicine 2014 - Drug-Induced Liver Injury: Who, What, When and How
 
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Demystifying Medicine 2014 - Drug-Induced Liver Injury: Who, What, When and How Air date: Tuesday, March 18, 2014, 4:00:00 PM Category: Demystifying Medicine Runtime: 01:53:18 Description: The 2014 Demystifying Medicine Series, which is jointly sponsored by FAES and NIH, will begin January 7th and includes the presentation of patients, pathology, diagnosis and therapy in the context of major disease problems and current research. Primarily directed toward Ph.D. students, clinicians and program managers, the course is designed to help bridge the gap between advances in biology and their application to major human diseases. Each session includes clinical and basic science components presented by NIH staff and invitees. All students, fellows and staff are welcome, as well. For more information go to http://demystifyingmedicine.od.nih.gov Author: Leonard Seefe, MD (NIH/FDA Formerly) Chris Austin, MD (NCATS) Permanent link: http://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?18336
Views: 3904 nihvcast
Real-time Monitoring of the Phagocytosis using IncuCyte™ pHrodo® Green E. coli Bioparticles®
 
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Real-time monitoring of the phagocytosis of IncuCyte™ pHrodo® Green E. coli Bioparticles® using the IncuCyte ZOOM® live-cell imaging system. Time-lapse fluorescence images, acquired using IncuCyte ZOOM®, enable the real-time visualisation of IncuCyte® pHrodo® Green E. coli Bioparticles® engulfment by the mouse macrophage cell type J774A.1. The Bioparticles® are phagocytosed and enter the acidic environment of the phagosome resulting in increased fluorescence of the pHrodo® label. IncuCyte® ZOOM integrated image analysis tools enable detection and measurement of the green fluorescent signal over the entire assay time-course (more than 24 hrs) and eliminate the impact of background fluorescence. Note the appearance of punctate fluorescence at early time-points followed by the development of more diffuse fluorescence and a lack of fluorescence in the nucleus at later time points. Learn more at http://www.essenbioscience.com/phagocytosis
Views: 2439 Essen BioScience
Neutrophil Phagocytosis of Borrelia: Captured Using CytoViva Enhanced Darkfield Microscopy System
 
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For additional information contact CytoViva, Inc. at [email protected] or 1-888-737-3130, or view our website at www.cytoviva.com. Video was captured using a research grade microscope equipped with the CytoViva patented darkfield illumination system and 100x oil iris objective.
Views: 870 CytoViva
Intraoperative intravital microscopy permits the study of human tumour vessels
 
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Intraoperative intravital microscopy permits the study of human tumour vessels. Daniel T. Fisher et al (2016), Nature Communications http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10684 Tumour vessels have been studied extensively as they are critical sites for drug delivery, anti-angiogenic therapies and immunotherapy. As a preclinical tool, intravital microscopy (IVM) allows for in vivo real-time direct observation of vessels at the cellular level. However, to date there are no reports of intravital high-resolution imaging of human tumours in the clinical setting. Here we report the feasibility of IVM examinations of human malignant disease with an emphasis on tumour vasculature as the major site of tumour-host interactions. Consistent with preclinical observations, we show that patient tumour vessels are disorganized, tortuous and ~50% do not support blood flow. Human tumour vessel diameters are larger than predicted from immunohistochemistry or preclinical IVM, and thereby have lower wall shear stress, which influences delivery of drugs and cellular immunotherapies. Thus, real-time clinical imaging of living human tumours is feasible and allows for detection of characteristics within the tumour microenvironment.
Views: 65 ScienceVio
Bacterial Meningitis Project (Pop Pop).mov
 
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Alex Kim, Jessica Crowley, Mandy Collar, and MaryAlice Kimble. Medical Microbiology project on meningitis
Views: 305 Alex Kim
Antibiotic resistance | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antimicrobial_resistance 00:04:05 1 Definition 00:04:39 2 Overview 00:05:48 3 Causes 00:07:23 3.1 Human medicine 00:11:33 3.2 Veterinary medicine 00:12:38 3.3 Natural occurrence 00:14:42 3.4 Water pollution 00:17:12 4 Prevention 00:18:02 4.1 Duration of antibiotics 00:18:42 4.2 Monitoring and mapping 00:19:56 4.3 Limiting antibiotic use 00:21:12 4.3.1 At the hospital level 00:21:50 4.3.2 At the level of GP 00:23:19 4.3.3 At the individual level 00:23:45 4.3.4 Country examples 00:24:24 4.4 Water, sanitation, hygiene 00:27:06 4.5 Industrial wastewater treatment 00:27:31 4.6 Management in animal use 00:27:40 4.6.1 Europe 00:28:40 4.6.2 United States 00:30:07 4.7 Global action plans and awareness 00:31:39 4.7.1 Antibiotic Awareness Week 00:32:43 5 Mechanisms and organisms 00:32:53 5.1 Fundamentals 00:37:02 5.2 Bacteria 00:39:38 5.3 Viruses 00:40:49 5.4 Fungi 00:42:09 5.5 Parasites 00:43:34 6 History 00:45:36 7 Society and culture 00:46:47 7.1 Legal frameworks 00:47:46 7.1.1 U.S. 00:50:21 7.2 Policies 00:50:57 8 Further research 00:51:14 8.1 Vaccines 00:52:23 8.2 Alternating therapy 00:53:28 8.3 Development of new drugs 00:58:12 8.4 Rapid diagnostics 00:59:40 8.5 Phage therapy Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8142995496424837 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-F "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Antimicrobial resistance (AMR or AR) is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication that once could successfully treat the microbe. The term antibiotic resistance (AR or ABR) is a subset of AMR, as it applies only to bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics. Resistant microbes are more difficult to treat, requiring alternative medications or higher doses of antimicrobials. These approaches may be more expensive, more toxic or both. Microbes resistant to multiple antimicrobials are called multidrug resistant (MDR). Those considered extensively drug resistant (XDR) or totally drug resistant (TDR) are sometimes called "superbugs".Resistance arises through one of three mechanisms: natural resistance in certain types of bacteria, genetic mutation, or by one species acquiring resistance from another. All classes of microbes can develop resistance. Fungi develop antifungal resistance. Viruses develop antiviral resistance. Protozoa develop antiprotozoal resistance, and bacteria develop antibiotic resistance. Resistance can appear spontaneously because of random mutations. However, extended use of antimicrobials appears to encourage selection for mutations which can render antimicrobials ineffective.Preventive measures include only using antibiotics when needed, thereby stopping misuse of antibiotics or antimicrobials. Narrow-spectrum antibiotics are preferred over broad-spectrum antibiotics when possible, as effectively and accurately targeting specific organisms is less likely to cause resistance. For people who take these medications at home, education about proper use is essential. Health care providers can minimize spread of resistant infections by use of proper sanitation and hygiene, including handwashing and disinfecting between patients, and should encourage the same of the patient, visitors, and family members.Rising drug resistance is caused mainly by use of antimicrobials in humans and other animals, and spread of resistant strains between the two. Growing resistance has also been linked to dumping of inadequately treated effluents from the pharmaceutical industry, especially in countries where bulk drugs are manufactured. Antibiotics increase selective pressure in bacterial populations, causing vulnerable bacteria to die; this increases the percentage of resistant bacteria which continue growing. Even at very low levels of antibiotic, resistant bacteria can have a growth advantage and grow faster than vulnerable bacteria. With resistance to antibiotics becoming more common there is greater need fo ...
Views: 33 wikipedia tts
Neutrophil crawling
 
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Human neutrophils crawling on immobilized matrix in response to the bacterial peptide, fMLP.
Views: 227 Owen McCarty
Brain Heart Infusion - The Fugitive
 
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Brain Heart Infusion Live At AdroRockFestival, 2007 All Hail Prog Metal from Brescia (Italy) ... aren't you a fugitive too?!!
Views: 616 prettyugly78
immune system health, basophil and neutrophil Granulocyte
 
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Human blood recorded under a Olympus cx 42 phase contrast microscope. You see: Neutrophil and basophil granulocyte ( immune system cells ). Red blood cells floating in blood plasma. Contact me to learn more about blood cells, your immune system and how to keep them healthy! https://amazingbloodcells.wordpress.com/ Contact me or add me to learn more: https://www.facebook.com/kim.ulvberget
Views: 488 Kim Ulvberget
Dry India ink prepartion of Streptococcus pneumoniae observed under Phase contrast Microscope
 
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Please watch: "Chicken pox" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rvWo141B-ZI -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Dry India Ink Preparation of Butt, Bonynge and Joyce method- using following reagents- -6% D/W -India Ink -Culture Broth -Leishman stain -Crystal Violet stain...
Views: 321 Microhub Plus
Demystifying Medicine 2015 - Ebola: A Terrifying Challenge
 
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Demystifying Medicine 2015 - Ebola: A Terrifying Challenge Air date: Tuesday, January 27, 2015, 4:00:00 PM Category: Demystifying Medicine Runtime: 01:50:56 Description: The 2015 Demystifying Medicine Series, which is jointly sponsored by FAES and NIH, will begin January 6th and includes the presentation of patients, pathology, diagnosis and therapy in the context of major disease problems and current research. Primarily directed toward Ph.D. students, clinicians and program managers, the course is designed to help bridge the gap between advances in biology and their application to major human diseases. Each session includes clinical and basic science components presented by NIH staff and invitees. All students, fellows and staff are welcome, as well. For more information go to http://demystifyingmedicine.od.nih.gov Permanent link: http://videocast.nih.gov/launch.asp?18820
Views: 424 nihvcast
Yeast bread | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Yeast bread 00:02:17 1 History 00:04:37 2 Nutrition and growth 00:06:55 3 Ecology 00:10:21 4 Reproduction 00:13:01 5 Uses 00:13:43 5.1 Alcoholic beverages 00:14:46 5.1.1 Beer 00:18:35 5.1.2 Wine 00:20:30 5.2 Baking 00:23:22 5.3 Bioremediation 00:24:13 5.4 Industrial ethanol production 00:25:20 5.5 Nonalcoholic beverages 00:26:46 5.6 Nutritional supplements 00:28:30 5.7 Probiotics 00:29:07 5.8 Aquarium hobby 00:29:35 5.9 Yeast extract 00:30:41 5.10 Scientific research 00:32:26 5.11 Genetically engineered biofactories 00:33:13 6 Pathogenic yeasts 00:34:51 7 Food spoilage 00:36:04 8 See also 00:36:32 9 Further reading Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Yeasts are eukaryotic, single-celled microorganisms classified as members of the fungus kingdom. The first yeast originated hundreds of millions of years ago, and 1,500 species are currently identified. They are estimated to constitute 1% of all described fungal species. Yeasts are unicellular organisms which evolved from multicellular ancestors, with some species having the ability to develop multicellular characteristics by forming strings of connected budding cells known as pseudohyphae or false hyphae. Yeast sizes vary greatly, depending on species and environment, typically measuring 3–4 µm in diameter, although some yeasts can grow to 40 µm in size. Most yeasts reproduce asexually by mitosis, and many do so by the asymmetric division process known as budding. Yeasts, with their single-celled growth habit, can be contrasted with molds, which grow hyphae. Fungal species that can take both forms (depending on temperature or other conditions) are called dimorphic fungi ("dimorphic" means "having two forms"). By fermentation, the yeast species Saccharomyces cerevisiae converts carbohydrates to carbon dioxide and alcohols – for thousands of years the carbon dioxide has been used in baking and the alcohol in alcoholic beverages. It is also a centrally important model organism in modern cell biology research, and is one of the most thoroughly researched eukaryotic microorganisms. Researchers have used it to gather information about the biology of the eukaryotic cell and ultimately human biology. Other species of yeasts, such as Candida albicans, are opportunistic pathogens and can cause infections in humans. Yeasts have recently been used to generate electricity in microbial fuel cells, and produce ethanol for the biofuel industry. Yeasts do not form a single taxonomic or phylogenetic grouping. The term "yeast" is often taken as a synonym for Saccharomyces cerevisiae, but the phylogenetic diversity of yeasts is shown by their placement in two separate phyla: the Ascomycota and the Basidiomycota. The budding yeasts ("true yeasts") are classified in the order Saccharomycetales, within the phylum Ascomycota.
Views: 24 wikipedia tts
Pneumonia | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Pneumonia Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli. Typically symptoms include some combination of productive or dry cough, chest pain, fever, and trouble breathing. Severity is variable.Pneumonia is usually caused by infection with viruses or bacteria and less commonly by other microorganisms, certain medications and conditions such as autoimmune diseases. Risk factors include other lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis, COPD, and asthma, diabetes, heart failure, a history of smoking, a poor ability to cough such as following a stroke, or a weak immune system. Diagnosis is often based on the symptoms and physical examination. Chest X-ray, blood tests, and culture of the sputum may help confirm the diagnosis. The disease may be classified by where it was acquired with community, hospital, or health care associated pneumonia.Vaccines to prevent certain types of pneumonia are available. Other methods of prevention include handwashing and not smoking. Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Pneumonia believed to be due to bacteria is treated with antibiotics. If the pneumonia is severe, the affected person is generally hospitalized. Oxygen therapy may be used if oxygen levels are low.Pneumonia affects approximately 450 million people globally (7% of the population) and results in about 4 million deaths per year. Pneumonia was regarded by William Osler in the 19th century as "the captain of the men of death". With the introduction of antibiotics and vaccines in the 20th century, survival improved. Nevertheless, in developing countries, and among the very old, the very young, and the chronically ill, pneumonia remains a leading cause of death. Pneumonia often shortens suffering among those already close to death and has thus been called "the old man's friend".
Views: 12 wikipedia tts