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2-Minute Neuroscience: Blood-Brain Barrier
 
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In my 2-Minute Neuroscience videos I explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this video, I discuss the blood-brain barrier, a complex that surrounds most of the blood vessels in the brain and protects the brain from potentially dangerous substances that might be circulating in the blood stream. I discuss the tight junctions of endothelial cells as one of the main structural components of the blood-brain barrier, as well as describe the contribution of astrocytic end-feet to the formation and maintenance of the blood-brain barrier. Finally, I discuss the circumventricular organs as structures in the brain that lack a blood-brain barrier. TRANSCRIPT: Welcome to 2 minute neuroscience, where I simplistically explain neuroscience topics in 2 minutes or less. In this installment I will discuss the blood-brain barrier. The blood-brain barrier is a complex that surrounds most of the blood vessels in the brain. It acts as a barrier between the bloodstream and the extracellular space of the brain, allowing only certain substances like water, oxygen, and small lipid-soluble substances to easily cross from the blood into the brain. This prevents toxins, pathogens, and other potentially dangerous substances from crossing from the circulatory system into the brain. It is thought that the central components of the structure of the blood-brain barrier are the tight junctions of endothelial cells, the cells that make up the interior surface of blood vessels. In other blood vessels throughout the body, there are small spaces between these endothelial cells; small blood-borne substances can pass through these spaces and into surrounding tissues. The endothelial cells that make up the blood-brain barrier, however, are fused tightly together to form tight junctions that restrict diffusion across the blood vessel lining. Glial cells called astrocytes also have projections called astrocytic end-feet that extend to the walls of blood vessels that are part of the blood-brain barrier. Astrocytic end-feet often completely surround blood vessels in the brain and are thought to play critical roles in the formation of the blood-brain barrier. For example, they seem to be involved with signaling that prompts endothelial cells to form the tight junctions necessary to create the blood-brain barrier and they are believed to have multiple functions involving the maintenance and regulation of the blood-brain barrier. The blood-brain barrier protects most of the blood vessels in the brain, but there are some areas that lack a blood-brain barrier, allowing substances to pass from the circulatory system to the brain and back. For example, the circumventricular organs are a group of structures lacking a blood-brain barrier that are centered around the ventricles of the brain. These structures are thought to be lacking a blood-brain barrier because their functions require access to the bloodstream. The posterior pituitary gland, for example, has to be able to release hormones directly into the bloodstream. References: Ballabh P, Braun A, & Nedergaard M (2004). The blood-brain barrier: an overview: structure, regulation, and clinical implications. Neurobiology of disease, 16 (1), 1-13 PMID: 15207256
Measuring the Economy in a Digital Age
 
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Experts discuss methods of economic measurement. Speakers: Diana Farrell, Chief Executive Officer and President, JPMorgan Chase Institute Matthew D. Shapiro, Lawrence R. Klein Collegiate Professor of Economics, University of Michigan; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research Hal R. Varian, Chief Economist, Google Presider: Sebastian Mallaby, Paul A. Volcker Senior Fellow for International Economics, Council on Foreign Relations This symposium is presented by the Maurice R. Greenberg Center for Geoeconomic Studies and is made possible through the generous support of Stephen C. Freidheim.
MIT Quest for Intelligence Launch: The Consequences – Intelligence and Society
 
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Led by session chair Melissa Nobles, the Kenan Sahin Dean of the MIT School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences and professor of political science at MIT, and moderator Gideon Lichfield, editor-in-chief of MIT Technology Review, a panel discussion of the social and ethical consequences of artificial intelligence at the launch event for the MIT Intelligence Quest, an Institute-wide initiative on human and machine intelligence research, its applications, and its bearing on society. Panelists: K. Daron Acemoglu, the Elizabeth and James Killian Professor of Economics; Rodney Brooks, the Panasonic Professor of Robotics Emeritus at MIT; Dario Gil, vice president of AI and quantum computing at IBM; Joichi "Joi" Ito, director of the MIT Media Lab; and Megan J. Smith, founder and CEO of shift7 and former U.S. chief technology officer. Watch more videos from MIT: http://www.youtube.com/user/MITNewsOffice?sub_confirmation=1 The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is an independent, coeducational, privately endowed university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Our mission is to advance knowledge; to educate students in science, engineering, and technology; and to tackle the most pressing problems facing the world today. We are a community of hands-on problem-solvers in love with fundamental science and eager to make the world a better place. The MIT YouTube channel features videos about all types of MIT research, including the robot cheetah, LIGO, gravitational waves, mathematics, and bombardier beetles, as well as videos on origami, time capsules, and other aspects of life and culture on the MIT campus. Our goal is to open the doors of MIT and bring the Institute to the world through video.
Questioning the Science of Gender Difference: A New Perspective
 
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Cordelia Fine October 14, 2015 For decades, science has told us that biology defines gender differences. But what if the scientists – and popular culture – have got it wrong? Fine explores the literature, from studies in scientific journals to the latest assertions of Mars and Venus author John Gray, to challenge society’s attribution of gender-based differences to "hardwired" biology. Exploring how cultural beliefs about the sexes subtly influence the way research is done, interpreted, and presented, Fine provides a fresh perspective on gender and on society’s long-held, and possibly mistaken, beliefs.
Views: 9437 Santa Fe Institute
CARTA: Unique Features of Human Skin: Shriver Jablonski Cleaver
 
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(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) This symposium brings together scientists representing evolutionary biology, genetics, dermatology, anthropology, and physiology to share their knowledge and questions about human skin in an explicitly evolutionary framework. Mark Shriver begins with a discussion about The Genetics of Skin Pigmentation, followed by Nina Jablonski on Naked, Colorful Skin and Its Role in Human Social Interactions, and James Cleaver on The Skin and Ultraviolet Radiation: Effects on DNA and Carcinogenesis Recorded on 10/16/2015. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [12/2015] [Science] [Show ID: 30205]
Aga Khan Program Lecture: AbdouMaliq Simone
 
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4/6/16 As a trope for divergent urbanism, the “Global South”—encompassing Jakarta, Johannesburg, São Paulo, Delhi and other metropolitan areas in the Southern Hemisphere—refers to a distinct amalgam of urban zones constituted by shared subjections to colonialism and underdevelopment, as well as by city-making processes that proceed by culturally dystonic impositions of planning, infrastructure, policy, and provisionally assembled local compensations. Today, the "Global South" is now rapidly fading from view—or perhaps it never should have been envisioned in the first place. The urban South may continue to have some purchase in international political organizing, or in analyses of economic inequality and precariousness of different kinds, at different scales. But urban theory increasingly considers the ways cultural interchanges, economic flows, governance regimes, histories, and alliances actively articulate places in multiple and shifting ways that a continued focus on South–North divides oversimplify or misrepresent. AbdouMaliq Simone will explore this notion “as a means of thinking through the various instances, ambiguities, and powers of detachment as they effect urban residents today, knowing full well that an urban South does not ‘really exist,’” with the aim of relocating the urban South “as a kind of elsewhere at the interior of a seemingly hegemonic trajectory that converts urban space into a uniform everywhere.” Abdoumaliq Simone is an urbanist and research professor at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity and visiting professor of sociology at Goldsmiths College, University of London, visiting professor at the African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town, research associate with the Rujak Center for Urban Studies in Jakarta, and research fellow at the University of Tarumanagara. For three decades he has worked with practices of social interchange, cognition, local economy, and the constitution of power relations that affect how heterogeneous African and Southeast Asian cities are lived, focusing on the concrete challenges of remaking municipal systems, training local government personnel, and designing collaborative partnerships among technicians, residents, artists, and politicians.
Views: 1245 Harvard GSD
Understanding Female Fighters: Perspectives From Southeast Asia
 
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Discussion on April 30, 2015 with Colin Powell School Visiting Professor and Director of the Politics of Sexual Violence Initiative; Suchitra Vijayan, Attorney and Director, The Borderlands Project; and Rafia Zakaria, Attorney and Author of The Upstairs Wife.
Communities that Work Partnership: Talent Development for Good Jobs and Strong Economies
 
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In April 2015, the U.S. Department of Commerce's Economic Development Administration (EDA) and the Aspen Institute Workforce Strategies Initiative jointly launched the Communities That Work Partnership (CTWP). The purpose of this initiative was to document and accelerate the development of employer-led regional workforce initiatives across the country. Seven competitively-selected sites – in Arizona, California, the District of Columbia, Georgia, New York (Greater Buffalo and NYC), and Texas – participated in a learning exchange focused on bridging economic and workforce development to strengthen local talent pipelines and improve access to quality employment. We invite you to a conversation with leaders from the partnerships sharing their lessons, accomplishments, and future directions. Speakers also will review strategies implemented across the partnerships, as documented in a playbook to be released at the event. For more information on the partnership, please visit http://www.aspenwsi.org/communities-that-work
WGS17 Sessions: Liquid Borders, How is Technology Reshaping the World?
 
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Parag Khanna, Author and International Affairs Expert, discusses the possibilities of development and the opportunities that liquid borders have opened to reshape the world we live in.
The Indigenous State: Race, Politics, and Performance in Plurinational Bolivia
 
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Book talk with Dr. Nancy Postero, Anthropology, University of California San Diego. What happens when indigenous organizations and political parties control the state? In 2005, Bolivia elected its first indigenous president, Evo Morales. Taking power in a “democratic cultural revolution”, Morales promised to create a new form of state and a “decolonized” society privileging indigenous people. This talk, drawing from the 2017 UC Press book of the same title, examines the discourses, policies, and practices of the Morales government to see how indigenous ideas and values were taken up by the state, and what difference it has made for formerly oppressed groups. --- Talk organized by Dr. Joel Correia, with support from the Center for Latin American Studies and the Anthropology Department. --- Connect with us! Facebook → https://www.facebook.com/UFLatinAmericanStudies/ Twitter→ https://twitter.com/LatamUF Instagram→ https://www.instagram.com/uf_latam/ Learn more about the Center→ http://www.latam.ufl.edu/
Robert Margo: The Persistence of Racial Inequality
 
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The Persistence of Racial Inequality: An Intergenerational Perspective - Robert Margo, Boston University Monday, May 1, 2017 4:00 PM - 6:00 PM Library and Gallery, Albin O. Kuhn : 7th Floor New benchmark estimates of Black-White income ratios for 1870, 1900, and 1940 are combined with standard post-World War census data. The resulting time series reveals that the pace of racial income convergence has generally been steady but slow, quickening only during the 1940s and the modern Civil Rights era. Dr. Margo explores the interpretation of the time series with a model of intergenerational transmission of inequality in which racial differences in causal factors that determine income are very large just after the Civil War and which erode slowly across subsequent generations. Mullen Lecture, sponsored by the Department of Economics
Views: 224 UMBCtube
Addressing Effects of Populism
 
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Addressing the effects of Populism was the focus of a March 24 panel with NYU Law Professor Jeremy Waldron, Professor T. Alexander Aleinikoff, Milano School of International Affairs, Management, and Urban Policy, The New School; and Michael H. Posner, erome Kohlberg Professor of Ethics and Finance and Professor of Business and Society, NYU Stern School of Business. HLS Professor Gerald L. Neuman moderated. Their talk was part of the Human Rights in a Time of Populism conference held at HLS on March 23-24.
Views: 551 Harvard Law School
Director's Report (September 2015) - Eric Green
 
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September 21, 2015 - National Advisory Council for Human Genome Research More: http://www.genome.gov/27562458
A Multilingual Conversation in Science: From Quantum Mechanics to CRISPR to Chaos
 
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2016 Breakthrough Prize Symposium Concluding Panel: A Multilingual Conversation in Science: From Quantum Mechanics to CRISPR to Chaos. In partnership with Scienctific American. Chair: Saul Perlmutter (UC Berkeley) Moderator: I-han Chou (Nature) Featuring talks by: 1. Raphael Bousso (UC Berkeley). Geometry and Information: Hidden Patterns in Gravity and Quantum Mechanics. 2. Jonathan Weissman (UCSF). Turning human genes on and off with CRISPRi/a. 3. Maciej Zworski (UC Berkeley). Linear vs Chaotic. The 2016 Breakthrough Prize Symposium is co-hosted by UC Berkeley, UC San Francisco, Stanford, and the Breakthrough Prize Foundation. This daylong event includes talks and panels featuring Breakthrough Prize laureates in Fundamental Physics, Life Sciences and Mathematics, as well as other distinguished guests. For more details on the day's activities please visit: http://breakthroughprize.berkeley.edu/symposium
Views: 914 UC Berkeley Events
Raj Chetty, 2015 Lampman Memorial Lecture
 
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Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP) 2015 Lampman Memorial Lecture March 4, 2015, Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery, University of Wisconsin-Madison The Lampman Memorial Lecture series was established in honor of Robert J. Lampman, a professor of economics at UW–Madison for over 30 years and founding director and guiding spirit of the Institute for Research on Poverty. The lecture, featuring eminent poverty scholars, is intended to address topics to which Lampman devoted his intellectual career: poverty and the distribution of income and wealth. Professor Raj Chetty, William Henry Bloomberg Professor of Economics at Harvard University, delivered the 2015 Lampman Lecture on “Improving Equality of Opportunity in America: New Evidence and Policy Lessons.”
MIT Technology Day 2000 — "The Future of Atoms in an Age of Bits"
 
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MIT Technology Day 2000, on the theme "The Future of Atoms in an Age of Bits," features speakers Rodney A. Brooks ("Flash, Machines and the Physical World"), William J. Mitchell ("E-Topia: Digital Communications and the Future of Cities"), Rosalind W. Picard ("The Emotionally Smart Machine"), and Yoseff Sheffi ("Transportation Auctions and Exchanges"). June 3, 2000.
The First 100 Days: Trade, Jobs, and Inequality
 
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The First 100 Days: Trade, Jobs, and Inequality The new US president promised to follow two simple rules: “Made in America. Made by Americans.” Will Trump’s trade agenda result in more US manufacturing jobs? And how will it impact wages and income disparity, in our country and globally? New York Times columnist Eduardo Porter (Economic Scene) hosts a panel of experts on the complex interrelationship between trade, jobs, and inequality. PANELSITS: Paul Krugman, Nobel Prize-winning economist, New York Times columnist, and distinguished professor at the Graduate Center. David Autor, leading labor economist; professor at MIT, where he directs the School Effectiveness and Inequality Initiative; and editor in chief of the Journal of Economic Perspectives. Brad DeLong, economics professor at U.C. Berkeley; weblogger for the Washington Center for Equitable Growth; and former U.S. deputy assistant secretary of the treasury, in the Clinton administration. Ann Harrison, professor at the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania; former director of development policy at the World Bank; and author of Globalization and Poverty. Part of the series “The First 100 Days.” Presented on April 26, 2017, with the Stone Center on Socio-Economic Inequality and the Advanced Research Collaborative (ARC). For more information about our events, visit: http://www.gc.cuny.edu/publicprograms
Hans-Hermann Hoppe - Democracy: The God That Failed - Audiobook (Google WaveNet Voice)
 
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The core of this book is a systematic treatment of the historic transformation of the West from monarchy to democracy. Source: http://www.hanshoppe.com/publications/#democracy (PDF available) Information about the book: https://mises.org/library/introduction-democracy-god-failed Music at the Beginning: Bass Walker - Film Noir Kevin MacLeod Jazz & Blues | Funky You're free to use this song and monetise your video, but you must include the following in your video description: Bass Walker - Film Noir by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1200071 Artist: http://incompetech.com/ Music at the end: Sunday Stroll by Huma-Huma
Views: 4295 Philosophy Workout 2
China and Latin America Forum
 
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On May 19th at International House, the first China & Latin America Forum provided an unique opportunity for renowned academics and researchers to discuss the future relations between the Chinese and Latin American regions. At this critical juncture in history, with changing American and Chinese policies towards Latin America, we are proud to count with the presence of top experts in the economic and foreign policy fields. This event was sponsored by the International House Global Voices Program, the Organization of Latin American Students, the Center for East Asian Studies, the Center for Latin American Studies, the Chinese Undergraduate Student Association, the Graduate Council, the Office of Multicultural Student Affairs, and Student Government. If you experience any technical difficulties with this video or would like to make an accessibility-related request, please send a message to [email protected]
DDes 30th Anniversary Program, Into Practice: Innovation, Creativity and Design Entrepreneurship
 
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Since the founding of the DDes program, alumni have been cutting edge leaders in the academy, in industry, and in key government positions, leveraging design research as a mode of inquiry, thinking, and empowerment for action. The 30th Anniversary event brings together the global DDes community to celebrate the accomplishments of its alumni in advancing multi-scalar and trans-disciplinary design knowledge while addressing crucial societal issues in our increasingly complex and challenging world.
Views: 651 Harvard GSD
Jurisdiction
 
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For an article on the use of jurisdiction to mean a state or country, see Jurisdiction (area). Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a formally constituted legal body or to a political leader to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice within a defined area of responsibility. The term is also used to denote the geographical area or subject-matter to which such authority applies. Areas of jurisdiction apply to local, state, and federal levels. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 195 Audiopedia
Association of Southeast Asian Nations | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Association of Southeast Asian Nations Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN AH-see-ahn, AH-zee-ahn) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising ten Southeast Asian countries, which promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration among its members and other Asian states. It also regularly engages other states in the Asia-Pacific region and beyond. Being a global powerhouse, the central union for cooperation in Asia-Pacific, and one of the world's most prominent and influential organisations, ASEAN maintains a global network of alliances and dialogue partners. It is involved in numerous international affairs, and hosts diplomatic missions throughout the world. It is a major partner of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), developing cooperation model with the organisation for the peace, stability, development and sustainability of the Asian continent. It also serves as an international role model in seeking harmony and strength among diversity and differences, as well as a leading figure in global economy, trade, diplomacy and politics.
Views: 30 wikipedia tts
Malnutrition | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malnutrition 00:05:15 1 Definitions 00:05:46 1.1 Undernutrition and overnutrition 00:06:49 1.2 Protein-energy malnutrition 00:07:42 1.2.1 Kwashiorkor 00:08:33 1.2.2 Marasmus 00:09:21 1.3 Undernutrition, hunger 00:09:52 1.4 Definition by Gomez 00:10:59 1.5 Definition by Waterlow 00:11:45 2 Effects 00:13:19 2.1 Signs 00:13:43 2.2 Cognitive development 00:14:57 3 Causes 00:15:54 3.1 Diseases 00:17:03 3.2 Dietary practices 00:17:12 3.2.1 Undernutrition 00:18:25 3.2.2 Overnutrition 00:20:25 3.3 Poverty and food prices 00:22:03 3.4 Agricultural productivity 00:23:28 3.5 Future threats 00:25:07 4 Prevention 00:25:16 4.1 Food security 00:28:00 4.2 Economics 00:31:33 4.3 World population 00:33:22 4.4 Food sovereignty 00:34:01 4.5 Health facilities 00:34:35 4.6 Breastfeeding 00:35:59 4.6.1 Barriers to breastfeeding 00:37:06 4.7 21st century global initiatives 00:39:51 5 Treatment 00:40:34 5.1 Food 00:42:01 5.2 Micronutrients 00:43:51 5.3 Diarrhea 00:47:46 5.4 Low blood sugar 00:48:24 5.5 Hypothermia 00:48:56 6 Epidemiology 00:50:00 6.1 People affected 00:50:47 6.2 Mortality 00:52:54 7 History 00:58:29 8 Special populations 00:58:54 8.1 Children 00:59:54 8.2 Women 01:02:43 8.2.1 Physiology 01:03:03 8.2.2 Pregnancy and breastfeeding 01:04:18 8.2.3 Educating children 01:04:42 8.3 Elderly Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9192390085760545 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems. It may involve calories, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins or minerals. Not enough nutrients is called undernutrition or undernourishment while too much is called overnutrition. Malnutrition is often used to specifically refer to undernutrition where an individual is not getting enough calories, protein, or micronutrients. If undernutrition occurs during pregnancy, or before two years of age, it may result in permanent problems with physical and mental development. Extreme undernourishment, known as starvation, may have symptoms that include: a short height, thin body, very poor energy levels, and swollen legs and abdomen. People also often get infections and are frequently cold. The symptoms of micronutrient deficiencies depend on the micronutrient that is lacking.Undernourishment is most often due to not enough high-quality food being available to eat. This is often related to high food prices and poverty. A lack of breastfeeding may contribute, as may a number of infectious diseases such as: gastroenteritis, pneumonia, malaria, and measles, which increase nutrient requirements. There are two main types of undernutrition: protein-energy malnutrition and dietary deficiencies. Protein-energy malnutrition has two severe forms: marasmus (a lack of protein and calories) and kwashiorkor (a lack of just protein). Common micronutrient deficiencies include: a lack of iron, iodine, and vitamin A. During pregnancy, due to the body's increased need, deficiencies may become more common. In some developing countries, overnutrition in the form of obesity is beginning to present within the same communities as undernutrition. Other causes of malnutrition include anorexia nervosa and bariatric surgery.Efforts to improve nutrition are some of the most effective forms of development aid. Breastfeeding can reduce rates of malnutrition and death in children, and efforts to promote the practice increase the rates of breastfeeding. In young children, providing food (in addition to breastmilk) between six months and two years of age improves outcomes. There is also good evidence supporting the supplementation of a number of micronutrients to women during pregnancy and among young children in the developing world. To get food to people who need it most, both delivering foo ...
Views: 6 wikipedia tts
Genome Instability: The Crucible of Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Children? by Scott Selleck
 
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Autism spectrum disorder is on the rise in the U.S. population, currently at an incidence of greater than 1 in 100 children. What is the origin of this increase? What can genetics and genomics tell us about the cause and course of this epidemic? Can we use this knowledge to intervene intelligently? Presented by Scott Selleck on 23 February 2013.
Views: 410 Penn State Science
Plate tectonics | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Plate tectonics Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the Greek: τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago. The model builds on the concept of continental drift, an idea developed during the first decades of the 20th century. The geoscientific community accepted plate-tectonic theory after seafloor spreading was validated in the late 1950s and early 1960s. The lithosphere, which is the rigid outermost shell of a planet (the crust and upper mantle), is broken into tectonic plates. The Earth's lithosphere is composed of seven or eight major plates (depending on how they are defined) and many minor plates. Where the plates meet, their relative motion determines the type of boundary: convergent, divergent, or transform. Earthquakes, volcanic activity, mountain-building, and oceanic trench formation occur along these plate boundaries (or faults). The relative movement of the plates typically ranges from zero to 100 mm annually.Tectonic plates are composed of oceanic lithosphere and thicker continental lithosphere, each topped by its own kind of crust. Along convergent boundaries, subduction, or one plate moving under another, carries the lower one down into the mantle; the material lost is roughly balanced by the formation of new (oceanic) crust along divergent margins by seafloor spreading. In this way, the total surface of the lithosphere remains the same. This prediction of plate tectonics is also referred to as the conveyor belt principle. Earlier theories, since disproven, proposed gradual shrinking (contraction) or gradual expansion of the globe.Tectonic plates are able to move because the Earth's lithosphere has greater mechanical strength than the underlying asthenosphere. Lateral density variations in the mantle result in convection; that is, the slow creeping motion of Earth's solid mantle. Plate movement is thought to be driven by a combination of the motion of the seafloor away from spreading ridges due to variations in topography (the ridge is a topographic high) and density changes in the crust (density increases as newly formed crust cools and moves away from the ridge). At subduction zones the relatively cold, dense crust is "pulled" or sinks down into the mantle over the downward convecting limb of a mantle cell. Another explanation lies in the different forces generated by tidal forces of the Sun and Moon. The relative importance of each of these factors and their relationship to each other is unclear, and still the subject of much debate.
Views: 29 wikipedia tts
ASEAN | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: ASEAN 00:01:09 1 History 00:01:18 1.1 Founding 00:03:16 1.2 Expansion 00:03:54 1.3 Nascent Economic Cooperation 00:05:18 1.4 Nuclear Free ASEAN 00:05:58 1.5 The ASEAN Charter 00:07:38 2 The ASEAN Way 00:10:44 3 Structure 00:10:53 3.1 ASEAN Community 2015 00:14:06 3.2 Economic Community Blueprint 00:16:06 3.2.1 2020 ASEAN Banking Integration Framework 00:17:25 3.2.2 Roadmap for financial integration 00:22:55 3.2.3 Food security 00:24:23 3.3 Political-Security Community Blueprint 00:29:16 3.4 Socio-Cultural Community Blueprint 00:37:24 4 Economy 00:39:16 4.1 Internal market 00:42:14 4.2 Monetary union 00:44:38 4.3 Free trade 00:47:07 4.4 Tourism 00:49:21 5 Foreign relations 00:53:29 6 Environment 00:55:02 7 Education 00:59:19 8 Culture 00:59:55 8.1 Media 01:04:04 8.2 Music 01:04:52 8.3 Sports 01:05:14 9 Reception 01:09:01 9.1 Economic integration 01:13:16 9.2 Territorial disputes Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN AH-see-ahn, AH-zee-ahn) is a regional intergovernmental organization comprising ten Southeast Asian countries, which promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration among its members and other Asian states. It also regularly engages other states in the Asia-Pacific region and beyond. Being a global powerhouse, the central union for cooperation in Asia-Pacific, and one of the world's most prominent and influential organisations, ASEAN maintains a global network of alliances and dialogue partners. It is involved in numerous international affairs, and hosts diplomatic missions throughout the world. It is a major partner of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), developing cooperation model with the organisation for the peace, stability, development and sustainability of the Asian continent. It also serves as an international role model in seeking harmony and strength among diversity and differences, as well as a leading figure in global economy, trade, diplomacy and politics.
Views: 29 wikipedia tts
Using Student Surveys to Monitor Teacher Effectiveness
 
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In this Teacher Effectiveness Webinar, participants learned how student surveys can give insight into teaching effectiveness and classroom life, including student engagement, and considered ways to use student surveys in their practice. Dr. Ronald Ferguson, creator of the Tripod Project and Senior Lecturer at Harvard University Graduate School of Education, presented his work on the Tripod Project, a research-based, classroom-level data collection, analysis, and reporting system. The content of these videos does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Institute of Education Sciences or the U.S. Department of Education, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Martin Luther, Ignatius of Loyola and (the) Catholic Tradition
 
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Philip D.W. Krey, Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia David Collins, S.J., Georgetown University Amy Leonard, Georgetown University Leo Lefebure, Georgetown University (Moderator)
Views: 451 Georgetown Events
Criticism of Christianity | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Criticism of Christianity Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Criticism of Christianity has a long history stretching back to the initial formation of the religion during the Roman Empire. Critics have attacked Christian beliefs and teachings as well as Christian actions, from the Crusades to modern terrorism. The intellectual arguments against Christianity include the suppositions that it is a faith of violence, corruption, superstition, polytheism, and bigotry. In the early years of Christianity, the Neoplatonic philosopher Porphyry emerged as one of the major critics with his book Against the Christians. Porphyry argued that Christianity was based on false prophecies that had not yet materialized. Following the adoption of Christianity under the Roman Empire, dissenting religious voices were gradually suppressed by both governments and ecclesiastical authorities. A millennium later, the Protestant Reformation led to a fundamental split in European Christianity and rekindled critical voices about the Christian faith, both internally and externally. With the Scientific Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment, Christianity experienced additional attacks from major thinkers and philosophers, such as Voltaire, David Hume, Thomas Paine, and the Baron d'Holbach. The central theme of these critiques sought to negate the historical accuracy of the Christian Bible and focused on the perceived corruption of Christian religious authorities. Other thinkers, like Immanuel Kant, launched the first systematic and comprehensive assaults against Christian theology by attempting to refute arguments for theism.In modern times, Christianity has faced substantial criticism from a wide array of political movements and ideologies. In the late eighteenth century, the French Revolution saw a number of politicians and philosophers criticizing traditional Christian doctrines, precipitating a wave of secularism in which hundreds of churches were closed down and thousands of priests were deported. Following the French Revolution, prominent philosophers of liberalism and communism, such as John Stuart Mill and Karl Marx, criticized Christian doctrine on the grounds that it was conservative and anti-democratic.Friedrich Nietzsche wrote that Christianity fostered a kind of slave morality that suppressed the desires contained in the human will. The Russian Revolution, the Chinese Revolution, and several other modern revolutionary movements have also led to the criticism of Christian ideas. The formal response of Christians to such criticisms is described as Christian apologetics. Philosophers like Augustine of Hippo and Thomas Aquinas have been some of the most prominent defenders of the Christian religion since its foundation.
Views: 64 wikipedia tts
Informing Stage 3 Meaningful Use Requirements Through Evidence: Webinar
 
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This Web conference outlines the findings from recent research that provides evidence to inform the development of the proposed Stage 3 Meaningful Use objectives, and it examines the feasibility of selected proposed objectives related to care coordination, interoperability, and patient and family engagement. It was developed by the Agency for Health Care Research and Quality (AHRQ). The video is also available at http://healthit.ahrq.gov/events/national-web-conference-projects-inform-stage-3-meaningful-use-requirements-through-evidence
Views: 613 AHRQ Health IT
“Inside the Synod on the Family:  What Really Happened and What Does It All Mean?”
 
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Terrence J. Murphy Institute for Catholic Thought, Law, and Public Policy, “Inside the Synod on the Family: What Really Happened and What Does It All Mean?” John Grabowski, associate professor and director of Moral Theology/Ethics at Catholic University of American in D.C., and theological advisor to the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) Committee on Laity, Marriage, Family, and Youth, gave a presentation on the Holy See’s recent Synod of Bishops on the Family, which took place this past October in Rome.